Boys’ mothers are more likely to suffer from postpartum depression

Posted on August 19, 2019  in Uncategorized

British scientists from the University of Kent found that mothers of boys are significantly more likely to suffer from postpartum depression. Another risk factor is complications during childbirth. 

Postpartum depression is known to affect at least one in ten women who give birth. Moreover, the risk of developing depression after childbirth is lower in young mothers with a diagnosed mental disorder. This is because they are already under the control of doctors and are receiving treatment.

The study involved nearly 300 young mothers. It turned out that complications during childbirth increase the likelihood of developing postpartum depression by 3 times, by 174% compared with conventional childbirth.

Another unexpected risk factor is the gender of the child. Boys’ mothers suffer from depression 71-79% more often than mothers of newborn girls.

Scientists believe that the cause of depression may be inflammation, which develops during pregnancy complications. It leads to swelling of the internal tissues caused by an increase in blood flow and an increase in the concentration of white blood cells. This changes the balance of chemical compounds in the mother’s brain.

Bearing a boy also increases the level of inflammation in the woman’s immune system and also leads to a change in the concentration of certain substances in her brain.

Pregnancy and depression: how to be treated?

Posted on August 15, 2019  in Uncategorized

Depressive disorders along with anxiety are some of the most common mental illnesses. Depression can affect anyone: an elderly person, a young man, or even a child. In a pregnant woman, this disease is also possible. Women in position always emphasize that you need to be careful with medicines, because they can adversely affect the child. Does this apply to antidepressants? Can I use them when pregnancy and depression coincided?

Are antidepressants and pregnancy possible?

Treatment for depression is usually associated with medications. However, fearing for the baby’s health, women avoid the use of drugs – they are recommended for patients only in emergency situations. Hence the answer to the question posed – yes, antidepressants can be used.

Depression is a serious illness that requires treatment. Refusal of therapy can lead to serious consequences: the risk of maintaining depressive disorders even after the birth of the child increases. This condition is dangerous: it can lead to improper development of the relationship between mother and child. There is a risk that a woman cannot take care of a newborn.

Depression can affect the course of pregnancy itself, especially with a high degree of severity and the absence of treatment. There is a risk of premature birth, low birth weight or other complications.

What to drink so as not to harm the baby?

There is no doubt that depression treatment is necessary. But there is another question – the danger of using antidepressants in bearing the fetus. None of the currently available drugs belongs to group A, whose use is absolutely safe for a pregnant woman.  

There are reports that some of the common antidepressants may increase the risk of various birth defects that the baby will receive. It is especially dangerous when drugs are taken in the first trimester.

Known drugs whose use is associated with an increased risk (paroxetine). However, there are cases when the appearance of disorders in children whose mothers used antidepressants was definitely less common (fluoxetine, sertraline). In general, we can say that it is always necessary to analyze the benefits for the woman’s psyche during depression and the potential risks that may arise from the use of medicines.

Help the psyche during pregnancy

Each disease during pregnancy should be considered individually. The treatment of a problem in a woman who suffered from depression before conception, and in a situation where the disorder appeared at the time of bearing the fetus, will be different.  

In the first case, a woman took antidepressants before she became pregnant. In this situation, an accurate assessment of the state of her psyche is required. Complete discontinuation of antidepressants is not recommended (especially when the patient has not recovered from depressive symptoms). You can reduce the dose of the drug taken by the pregnant woman, but such a decision is made when the patient’s mental state allows this.

Sometimes a change in course may consist in replacing one medicine with another, which is characterized by a lower tendency to cause disorders in the child. Here, however, it should be emphasized that changes in antidepressant therapy last for some time – this is not one day. Previously used drug should be gradually eliminated, and a new drug is administered with caution. Therapy should be carried out under the supervision of the attending physician.

When a mother’s condition is critical

Another decision on the treatment of depression is made if the disease appeared when the pregnancy began. Here, first of all, it is necessary to analyze whether a woman really needs pharmacological treatment. When depressive symptoms are of low intensity, initially attempts can be made to eliminate them on the basis of psychotherapy. If this does not help or the symptoms of the disease in a pregnant woman deteriorate significantly, antidepressant treatment is usually started.

It should be emphasized that there is no single concrete way to combat depression. The treatment plan for patients should be determined individually. However, it is always necessary to inform the gynecologist who monitors the pregnancy that antidepressants are being used. Their use can lead to withdrawal symptoms in the child. Its manifestations may include anxiety in the newborn or transient difficulties with feeding. These problems usually quickly disappear, but the medical staff involved in the young mother and baby should be aware of the possibility of their occurrence.

Alternative help methods

A pregnant woman cannot treat depression herself. The presence of the disease should be known to a specialist who deals with the health of the expectant mother. He will be able to draw up a suitable treatment plan, advise safe antidepressants and relieve the condition. If a pregnant woman calls for help in time, the baby will be born and grow up mentally and physically healthy, and the woman will get rid of the disorder.

If the doctor admits that the condition of the pregnant woman does not require medical intervention, then the following corrective support methods can advise her:

  • An alternative to pharmacological treatment for gestation is psychotherapy. This is the best and safest way for a pregnant woman when she feels depressed, upset.
  • Yoga and meditation. The ways that relax the “mind” remove the anxiety that many women experience when they become pregnant or in their later stages.
  • Classes of art therapy. Exercises where, with the help of visual means, you can better know yourself and calm a restless consciousness. It is better to practice them together with a specialist. This is done by psychotherapists and psychologists with relevant work experience. If the psyche of a woman is in a relatively safe condition and the expectant mother does not require medical support, then she can seek help from a specialist. Personal therapy for a pregnant woman, with the support of a psychologist, as well as a group of meetings of expectant mothers under the guidance of a therapist, is an excellent opportunity to improve your condition, physical well-being and make waiting for childbirth and a meeting with your child a pleasant, joyful pastime.  

Skin aging: the role of diet, night sleep and depression

Posted on August 11, 2019  in Uncategorized

Skin will not necessarily show signs of aging as you celebrate all new birthdays. The dynamics of aging of the skin of the body and face depend on internal factors, including genetic predisposition and general health. In addition, changes depend on external factors, such as excessive exposure to the sun, smoking, and even frequent use of straws for cocktails. A significant role in the aging process is played by diet and weight fluctuations, as well as night sleep, emotional state and depression. How do they affect?

Aging processes: what do they depend on?

About 30% of the manifestations of aging at a particular age are determined genetically – the rest is the influence of the environment. This means that a person has the ability to control how the skin looks over time. Patients do not always have to look at the passport age: the health and elasticity of their own skin can be tens of years younger than the actual age. It is important to circumvent or mitigate the influence of hidden factors that can accelerate the aging process of the skin. There are a number of factors that can accelerate the aging of the face and body, as well as ways to influence these causes, preventive measures.

Irrational diet, excess sweets

An irrationally selected diet, the consumption of a large number of processed or sugary foods can cause a sharp jump in blood sugar and insulin, which can cause mild chronic inflammation at the cellular level. This latent inflammation can, in turn, accelerate skin aging through a process called glycation.

In a nutshell, we’ll discuss how this works. Glucose (from carbohydrates and sugar itself) enters the bloodstream and joins protein molecules, including collagen (which forms the skin structure), forming new molecules called end products of glycation. They are believed to destroy collagen and elastin (the protein that gives the skin elasticity). Defects in the diet lead to the fact that collagen and elastin can become more “stiff” and less functional, which theoretically can lead to sagging skin, wrinkles and accelerated aging. 

How to help the skin?

To normalize the condition of the skin, it is important to review the components of your diet: reduce simple carbohydrates, which quickly turn into glucose, raising blood sugar, and instead choose a lot of whole grains, vegetables and fruits. In particular, you need to increase your diet’s intake of foods rich in antioxidants, such as berries, citrus fruits, kiwi, pineapple, papaya, red and green peppers, and broccoli, because antioxidants fight the signs and causes of skin aging. The same can be said about the use of skin care products with antioxidant ingredients such as vitamins C and E, resveratrol, green tea and grape seed. 

Night sleep on one side

Everyone knows that a good night’s sleep is important if a person wants to look better. While a person is sleeping, his body initiates the process of restoration of many different body tissues, including skin. Thus, without sufficiently deep sleep, in particular, the skin does not receive the full regeneration and restoration that it needs.

But if a person is constantly sleeping on one side of the face, then the skin of the face will age faster. This is similar to the process of wrinkling pants. If sleep all the time occurs on one side, in this case a person mechanically wrinkles the skin, deforming collagen and interfering with the blood circulation, which makes the folds permanent.

In addition to the fact that a person needs to devote a lot of time to sleep, you need to develop the habit of sleeping on your back, or at least alternately change your sleeping position.

Constant depression and depression

Negative emotions, stresses, fatigue, depression or depression can appear on the face, as well as in the nature and characteristics of behavior. This occurs for various reasons. For starters, when people are depressed, they can constantly strain certain facial muscles, grimace, or frown. These negative facial expressions appear to be “engraved” on the skin in the form of fine lines and wrinkles.  

Meanwhile, depression is associated with an increased level of cortisol, which can weaken, disrupt the structure of collagen and cause a decrease in the synthesis of growth hormone. Deficiency of this hormone prevents the skin’s ability to fully recover at night, during sleep. Moreover, when people are depressed, they often eat poorly, almost do not sleep, do not train, and do not care for their skin as they should. These are additional factors that trigger accelerated skin aging.

What to do to improve the appearance?

It is important to actively and urgently take steps to improve your mood, regularly exercise, attend a psychologist’s consultation, or talk with your doctor about whether the patient will benefit from taking antidepressants or if you need to choose another therapy. Interestingly, reducing or eliminating wrinkles through cosmetic procedures such as botulinum toxin therapy can improve symptoms of depression.

In March 2009, a study in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology found that when people were treated with facial wrinkles with Botox, facial paralysis did not allow them to transmit negative mood signals to the brain, which correlated with mood enhancement. The effects were not accidental: a study published in August 2014 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry showed that in patients with severe depressive disorder who were given Botox injections in their forehead, symptoms of depression decreased by 42% after 12 weeks.

Of course, not all patients need to immediately go to the beautician to inject botulinum toxin and remove wrinkles in order to fight depression and slow down aging. A rational day regimen, a healthy diet and activity, and a positive mood are important. In addition, full face and body skin care, time for yourself is also a kind of antidepressant and a way to deal with stress.

Mother singing to her child: benefits, fighting depression

Posted on August 7, 2019  in Uncategorized

A mother who sings to her child is a very ordinary event, which many take for granted. Why this happens and what pushes mothers to such actions is unclear, it seems that this happens on a hunch, just a woman at one moment understands that the baby needs a lullaby. This practice can be traced in many cultures. But how does the song affect the baby, why does the mother seek to sing, regardless of her vocal abilities, what effect does this action have on the woman herself? Shannon de L’Etoile received answers to exciting questions and even found a cure for postpartum depression in her mother’s singing.

Mother singing

Lullabies, children’s songs, nursery rhymes are an integral part of many cultures, and according to some reports, they are passed down from generation to generation and have existed for thousands of years. Each culture and even family has its own songs, which the mother sings in her own way, but they are united by one thing – tonality.

Shannon de L’Etoile, professor of music therapy at the music school of the University of Miami Frost, Florida, USA, decided to study this issue, which was helped by scientists of different directions and specialties.

The previous ones proved the positive influence of music on the developing brain of a young child, but this direction remains a little-studied topic. Scientists were able to prove that the child has an innate ability to process music and sounds heard, and in a rather complicated way.  

It was also possible to prove that the mother’s singing and her repertoire has her own characteristics, and this distinguishes him radically from other types of singing. It is proved that the mother’s song has a high initial height, and in the future we can note the slip between the levels of height. The mother’s song also has stable vowel sounds, a diverse amplitude that the child and others hear. Moreover, each mother has her own tonality, aimed only at her baby, and this does not depend on vocal data, education and the presence of musical hearing in the mother.

Such an important song for a child

In a study, Shannon de L’Etoile compared mother singing to other types of interactions with a child. The doctor noted: the purpose of the study was to determine the reaction and characteristics of the child’s behavior in response to live singing, which was directed at him. It was planned to compare the results with the characteristics of the reaction to other types of interaction between mother and child: reading books, fairy tales, toys.

The main goal of the study was to clarify the meaning of singing directed at children, as well as to identify behavioral reactions in children in response to this action. Shannon de L’Etoile also explored the role of singing in the meaning of becoming a bond between mother and child.

To obtain the result, more than 70 infants and their behavior were studied in response to 6 types of mother-child interaction:

  • mother performs the selected song;
  • a stranger sings the same song;
  • mother sings a song she chooses on her own;
  • book reading;
  • game with a toy;
  • mother and baby listen to recorded music.

To hold a child’s attention, singing, reading a book or playing with a toy were also effective. And in many respects the success was due to the personal presence of the mother. But the live singing of the mother attracted the attention of the child more effectively than the recorded repertoire. In many ways, the kids perceived this recording as extraneous noise.

Subsequently, the study became somewhat more complicated. Shannon de L’Etoile and her team studied exactly the mother’s singing, or rather, the song itself: intonation, tonal content, decrease or increase in frequency, and performance sensitivity.

Studies have shown that with the attention of the child, the instincts of the mother were on high alert, there was no one else around the mother and child, the whole world narrowed to the two of them. Intuitively, with a decrease in concentration, the mother adjusted the height of the song, the pace to attract the attention of the baby. Such actions took place completely on an intuitive level.

Singing and postpartum depression

Dr. Shannon de L’Etoile examined the singing of mothers with a diagnosis of postpartum depression, the goal was to study the difference in tonality, emotional fullness and reaction of the child. The data showed that the sensitivity of singing in mothers with depression was reduced. 

Dr. Shannon de L’Etoile noted: maternal postpartum depression is the reason for the lack of sensitivity and emotional expression in singing. But the child also reacted to the mother’s singing, although his pace and amplitude did not change and did not depend on the baby’s behavior and his involvement in the action. We can say that the mother’s singing was robotic.  

In the course of further studies, it was possible to establish: singing with depression in the mother has a unique two-way interaction, the benefit for both the mother and the child is clearly visible. Children receive the stimulus that they need so much, which allows them to focus their attention and get rid of unpleasant sensations. Mother, in turn, is so distracted and gradually gets rid of the negative emotions associated with depression.

Myths and Facts About Depression

Posted on August 3, 2019  in Uncategorized

Today, depression is considered one of the most dangerous mental disorders. High stress levels, life in an atmosphere of constant tension, conflict and negative emotions are all risk factors for adverse psychosomatic conditions. Often depression leads not only to mental, but also to physical distress – a decrease in immunity, the development of heart and vascular diseases. But, despite the fact that it is officially recognized as a disease, many people still believe that the development of depression is a consequence of laziness and unwillingness to work on themselves.    

Depression is one of the most serious mental disorders.

Some people mistake the short-term bouts of sadness, longing, or despair for depression. It is necessary to distinguish those moments when something helped a person to distract from sad thoughts, for example, watching a movie or meeting with friends. With depression, this does not happen. Neither a change of scenery, nor a movie watching, nor a new experience helps.

If adverse symptoms such as gloomy thoughts, depressed mood, irritability, causeless tears persist for two weeks, then a person’s condition can cause serious concern. A mental disorder that is not noticed on time or ignored by loved ones can lead to sad consequences, up to suicide attempts.

Nevertheless, many still believe that depressive mental disorders do not seem to exist, or that they are easily “cured” by physical labor or memories of difficulties suffered by distant ancestors during wars or other upheavals. But such statements are not able to console a person. Instead, they exacerbate an already unfavorable mental state.

Myths and facts about depression and other mental disorders

The fact that a depressed state is not just “blues” or short-term sadness has begun to be talked about and written in the media over the past few years. Bloggers, artists and other famous people began to openly talk about how a person who is experiencing a depressive episode actually feels. But many still refuse to acknowledge this mental disorder.

There are many myths and misconceptions around depressive states. Some of them relate to medication and antidepressants. For example, many people believe that antidepressants can change a person’s personality, suppress the will and turn it into a “vegetable”. But in fact, they confuse antidepressants with potent tranquilizers, used several decades ago.

Stress from job loss, death of a loved one or divorce is not always a catalyst for a depressive episode. Sometimes such conditions also arise against the background of the person’s external well-being, which may look joyful and optimistic externally and not reduce life activity. It is believed that depressive episodes do not happen in adolescent life, but this is not true.

Each depressive episode is caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain. The goal of drug treatment is to restore this balance. Aggression, dissatisfaction with oneself or the surrounding life situation are a consequence, not a cause of a depressive state.

One of the most harmful misconceptions that can seriously ruin a relationship with a person in a depressed state is the assertion that it arises from a weakness in character. But physical illnesses like flu or diabetes do not occur due to weakness or laziness. The same applies to depressive episodes.

Stress can cause a depressive episode, but it is far from the only reason for its occurrence. An unfavorable mental state can develop against a background of reduced immunity, hormonal imbalance, or a deficiency of certain foods in the human diet. In some cases, positive emotions help to get out of a depressive state, but not cure it. 

Many people find it uncomfortable to be depressed with a person. But for the patient, it is the support of loved ones that is important and their willingness to help him, including of a therapeutic nature. The myth that a depressive episode can be treated with alcohol, smoking or drugs is one of the most dangerous. Any harmful means of stimulation can worsen the condition of the patient.

Treatment for Depression: Stress Prevention and More

The first step in the treatment of depressive conditions or other mental disorders is the selection of a qualified specialist. To begin with, you should consult a psychologist, who will then refer you to a therapist if necessary. He has the right to prescribe medication in accordance with the physical condition and wishes of the patient.

An equally important step will be to change the patient’s lifestyle. If before this the level of stressful situations was quite high, while improper diet and lack of physical activity were added, then it is necessary to introduce the main components of a healthy lifestyle into your life. The most basic of them is a large number of hours of sleep, because it is insufficient or poor quality sleep that can lead to adverse consequences for the psyche.

Exercise strengthens not only the body, but also the psyche. They help improve hormonal levels and the functioning of the nervous system. Therefore, psychotherapists often recommend a specific type of physical activity to their patients, such as dancing or yoga.

Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Few people think about the prevention of depressive conditions. Among the main preventive measures are observing the regimen of the day, proper nutrition and physical activity. It is also necessary to limit or exclude from everyday life factors contributing to the development of increased anxiety – negative news or reading disturbing information on social networks.

Measures such as hobbies, creativity, communication with people and working with negative emotions significantly reduce the likelihood of depressive disorders. For a person, the ability to properly relax and bring into life as many positive aspects as possible before stressful situations or the wrong lifestyle will seriously harm his psyche.

5 signs of depression you need to save

Posted on July 30, 2019  in Uncategorized

Today, depression is the most common mental disorder. Despite the wide dissemination of information about her, many still consider it a sign of weakness, laziness, inability to work on themselves. A person in a state of depression may look quite active and cheerful in the company of other people and hesitate to admit his weakness. But, remaining alone with himself, he again experiences negative emotions, loses interest even in his hobbies, has problems with sleep and appetite.  

Depression, its causes and symptoms

Many people do not believe in the existence of depression. It seems to them that this state disappears from physical labor, engaging in a favorite activity, or eating bananas or chocolate. But neither the advice to “work”, nor the examples of real or fictional people who find themselves in difficult life situations, nor phrases like “life is beautiful” help a person to recover. On the contrary, they cause even more negative emotions. 

Depression develops in a person, regardless of his level of material support, social status, or the presence or absence of certain benefits. The main reasons for its development are the hereditary factor, problems with the endocrine system, stressful situations and traumatic events in a person’s life. Symptoms of depression are not always noticeable to others, because sometimes a person knows how to mask them so as not to dedicate anyone to their problems. Among the most common symptoms are anxiety, apathy, fatigue, lack of motivation for favorite things and work, unwillingness to communicate with people, irritability.

The complexity of the situation lies in the fact that the patient may not be aware that he is seriously ill, and others may not notice it. A person in a depressed state does not always neglect self-care or walks with a gloomy and depressed facial expression. At work or parties with friends, he can be cheerful and cheerful, but in his solitude he can attend dark and even suicidal thoughts.

5 bright signs of depression: negative emotions, fatigue and much more

Depression is significantly different from short-term bad mood or what is called the “blues.” If symptoms such as constant fatigue, unwillingness to communicate with people, loss of interest in your favorite activities, persist for more than two weeks, then the person’s family and friends should be on their guard and convince him to start treating depression. 

Psychotherapists recommend to pay attention to the following signs, which may indicate the beginning of a depressive state in a person:

  • Chronic fatigue and sleep problems

A person in a depressed state can sleep poorly, often wake up from obsessive dark thoughts or sleep for 10-12 hours and not get enough sleep;

  • Irritability

In a depressed state, a person experiences nervous tension if he needs to “keep his face” with others and find strength in himself for daily activities. This symptom may not be the most noticeable, especially if a person has previously distinguished melancholic temperament;

  • Lack of interest in work and daily activities

The depressed state is not at all sadness and longing, it is apathy and the absence of any emotions, some “numbness.” And in this state a person is often visited by thoughts about the unwillingness to live and about the absence of the meaning of life;

  • Waiver of favorite activities

Often in a depressed state, a person is advised to “shake things up” to find a hobby in the form of playing sports or creativity. But he simply does not have the strength to do it. Lack of interest in what brought joy, alarming loved ones and friends;

  • Change in appetite

A person in a depressed state may not feel the taste of food or, conversely, overeat. Compulsive eating or lack of appetite are common signs of depression.

When a family member, friend or colleague finds several symptoms of a possible depressive state, in no case should he be reproached for being lazy or offended for excessive irritability. It is possible that he needs treatment for depression. But only a psychotherapist can diagnose it.

Can you convince a person of the need to treat depression?

A depressed person can convince others that he is all right and that he does not need any treatment. He himself may not believe in his own depressive state and assume that it “will pass by itself.” Nevertheless, it can take a long time in a latent form. But it’s not so easy to convince a person to start treatment for depression, especially with a very negative reaction from him.

All people prefer to have in their environment cheerful and positive-minded people and try to isolate themselves from those who have problems. The most ineffective and even harmful for a person in a depressive state are criticism, reproaches for laziness and lack of gratitude for what he has, stories about other people’s and more serious disasters. The most important thing for the patient is the attention and support of close people.

In many cases, close people and friends prefer to refuse to communicate with a person in a depressed state due to his ill will and irritability. But his actions should not be taken personally, and, moreover, one should not make him smile or visit places where he does not want to go.

When a person who is in a depressed state sees that relatives and friends still trust him and want to help, it will be easier for them to convince him to go to a psychotherapist and begin treatment. Therapy and drug treatment will not turn a person into a “vegetable” at all, as many people still think. Far in the past there was also a placement in a hospital – today only people with really serious mental illnesses get there. Modern antidepressants can restore the broken chemical balance and return a person to normal life.

Depression does not go away on its own, as some people think. Like any other disease, it requires close attention from the patient and his family. Its danger lies in the fact that for a long time it flows in a latent form, and the patient can deceive himself and even be ashamed of him. But sooner or later it will begin to have a negative impact on all spheres of human life. Therefore, mental health requires no less serious attention than physical.

How to avoid depression after breaking up?

Posted on July 26, 2019  in Uncategorized

Parting with a loved one can be perceived as a halt in life and development, emotional death. Depression is a frequent companion of the one who has experienced loss and loss. Sad thoughts and loneliness, the inability to understand what to do next is knocked out of the rut of life, deprived of energy and filled with heartache. All of this is a normal reaction of the psyche in response to the fact that relationships that were meaningful and necessary have ended. At first, a person cannot understand how to live and where to go next. It was at this time that depressive thoughts may appear that life is over and existence does not make sense. Is it possible to stop the occurrence of depression on their own? When should you not risk your health and, better, seek help from a psychologist? The answers in this article.

Cleavage of the psyche: what needs to be controlled?

The absence of a loved one near causes severe mental pain. This feeling gives rise to thoughts that are sometimes difficult to cope with. What does a person think about him and his life when he “falls” into depression?

  • “I will remain alone until the end of my life. Nobody will love me. ” It should be understood that parting is only one of the life stages. It is heavy, however, it can be experienced. To do this, you do not need to refuse the help of close people from outside – relatives, friends. It is also useful to give yourself time for suffering and feelings, without giving up, at the same time, from everyday affairs, work, and communication with others.
  • “No one can be trusted. Around one deceivers and traitors. ” Such an attitude towards people is caused by severe pain after partner betrayal. To think so, at first, after the shock of parting – it is normal, however, turning these thoughts into a stable life position threatens with loneliness, the fear of approaching and becoming attached to other people. It is necessary to be able to separate the former partner from another experience of relationships, which can be obtained with other people, because they are all different, do not resemble each other and the betrayal of one person does not mean that new love will bring pain and suffering. 
  • “Opening and trusting is dangerous. Much better – if they love you. ” Such a decision can be made by people who are painfully burned, too dissolved in a loved one. Then, their decision not to love themselves, but only to allow others to do it, may look like an opportunity to protect oneself from pain. After all, if you do not fall in love, you will not have to suffer much if the separation happens again. The human psyche is thus protected, however, it has its drawbacks. For example, that a person who is allowed to love will feel used. Without receiving feedback, without feeling intimacy, he will become angry at his partner, be offended, jealous, trying to feel, thus, affection and love.

It is not necessary, right after the break, to “rush” headlong into a new relationship, if the old pain has not yet subsided. Do not force yourself to trust another, if there is no such desire. Reasonably and caringly towards oneself, one will wait until the mental wounds heal, the pain subsides and the desire to trust and love will appear by itself.

Thus, the ability to control the expression of your thoughts and feelings will help to avoid new mistakes and negative experiences. The human mind reacts to everything that he thinks and what decisions he makes. The greater the balance and slowness will be in them, the greater the chance of maintaining health after breaking up.

You do not become worse without love

Depression will become a frequent guest, if you constantly think that now that no one loves me, I am a loser (weak, unattractive, not interesting to anyone). Such thoughts will definitely make it impossible to burn off the love that has ended, and get a chance to build happy relationships in the future. One simple truth should be remembered: the presence or absence of close relationships in life does not affect the qualities of character, does not make a person worse. To think so is to be dependent on another. The ability to find a new partner and build close communication is based on a person’s ability to accept and love himself, feeling comfortable and calm, even when alone, alone with himself.

Wines in a relationship is divided equally

Depression cannot be avoided if you scold yourself for the collapse of the relationship. Even if a man realizes that his mistakes have caused a gap – everything that happens between a man and a woman depends on both of them. You can not shift the blame and responsibility on only one partner. When people build intimate communication, they tend to play psychological games. Thus, they trigger the processes of reactions and responses, which can lead to both the consolidation of relations and their rupture. Depression can be stopped by giving half the responsibility to another person in time for the union collapsing and the lovers are no longer together.

Psychological trauma needs to be treated

It so happens that depressive thoughts cannot be avoided, despite all efforts and control of feelings and thoughts. The more people meant to each other, the stronger the love between them was, the more difficult it might be to experience separation. In such cases, the help of a psychologist is necessary, because if a person cannot cope with his own emotions, depression will “knock” on him and he will remain in it for a long time.  

Loss of sleep and appetite, rejection of activity and communication, attempts to end the scores of life, revenge – direct indicators to seek psychological help. If mental injury after parting is not treated, it can seriously ruin life – lead to loneliness, a new unsuccessful relationship, a complete loss of self-confidence.

What is depression afraid of?

While understanding that depressive thoughts are coming up, an ever less desire to live and rejoice is born, you need to pay attention to other areas of life, instead of constantly thinking about the gap and the absence of a loved one.

What does depression not like , and how can a person help himself to avoid meeting her? 

  • Changes in the outer and inner world. You can start by updating your wardrobe and hairstyle, buy beautiful things that you have been wanting for a long time, create such an image, through which, looking in the mirror, joyful thoughts will appear in your head.
  • Depression is afraid of any creativity. The more often a person does something with his hands, creating, at the same time, beautiful, unusual things, the sooner he will express negative feelings that “flood” him after parting. This makes it possible to safely live through a difficult period, not to force oneself to “forget and stop loving”, but to express emotional pain through creativity. It is also a chance to recharge yourself with new positive energy and once again feel the desire to live and love.
  • Depression does not like being talked about – communication with loved ones helps not to close within itself, to get rid of tension, to continue to trust people.
  • Depressive thoughts will definitely not be valid if a person feels a great love for himself from his inner essence – this helps him not to be depressed and sad, not to think about the end of life, but instead, take care of how to start pleasing yourself , take care of yourself and take care.

Obesity and depression: brain work and metabolic problems

Posted on July 22, 2019  in Uncategorized

Most of the people know little about inflammation. They believe that it is formed after injury or during infection, when swelling, redness and pain develop in the affected area. However, this process also occurs inside the body, including with metabolic disorders and weight gain, causing changes in the brain. In addition to all other problems, the system   inflammation   may play a role in the development of obesity and depression. But how are they related?

Inflammation: a role in the body

If people hear about inflammation, they most often represent infected wounds or colds. And usually this term is associated with painful sensations, rather than internal healing processes. Any damage to the tissues (skin, mucous membranes, internal organs) immediately causes inflammation in order to restore the integrity of the body and normalize the metabolism.

But inflammation can also occur when it is not needed at all, and this can cause problems. In some people, the inflammation is sluggish and barely noticeable, gradually leading to serious metabolic disorders. Currently, many experts believe that this type of chronic inflammation is responsible for a number of chronic diseases, including depression and obesity, heart and vascular lesions.

When inflammation spreads to the beta cells of the pancreas, diabetes develops. When it affects the immune system, arthritis, psoriasis and many other diseases occur. This type of inflammation (systemic) gradually spreads, damaging organs and causing metabolic disorders.

Weakened brain signals

When inflammation becomes systemic, it not only damages the organs, but also prevents the brain from sending signals to the rest of the body. In many pathological conditions, problems begin with the hypothalamus. This is the command center of the brain, and it receives various hormonal signals that tell the brain when a person is tired or hungry, what to do with incoming calories. Then the brain makes a decision, sending guiding impulses.

When systemic inflammation occurs, proteins called inflammatory cytokines distort these hormonal signals. As a result, inflammation can cause conditions such as depression and   obesity, which were linked together long before the effects of the inflammatory response were clarified.

When depressed, these cytokines negatively affect the brain, causing a variety of depressive symptoms, such as sad mood, fatigue, sleep disorders, and social and behavioral disorders. Similarly, inflammation leads to obesity, although in this case the effect on the brain is more complex and includes additional conditions.

Metabolic syndrome, overweight

Systemic inflammation has recently been associated with metabolic syndrome, which is a group of symptoms that increase the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke and diabetes. These symptoms include hypertension, low HDL cholesterol (“good” cholesterol), elevated glucose and triglycerides in the blood, as well as excess weight, especially in the waist area. Most people with metabolic syndrome are obese and inactive, so these symptoms have become associated with being overweight. However, many people who even have severe obesity do not have signs of metabolic syndrome. Then they fall into the category of people with metabolically healthy obesity.

This means that although there is excess weight, but if you perform blood tests and evaluate the metabolism, there are no serious metabolic abnormalities, since these people probably do not have systemic chronic inflammation. Experts cannot argue that obesity causes inflammation, but changes in metabolism typical of systemic inflammation often lead to an accumulation of excess weight.

Depression and metabolic disorders

The links between inflammation and depression are complex, and scientists are only now beginning to understand how these diseases affect each other. Although severe clinical   depression   can lead to metabolic changes that cause inflammation, experimental studies have shown that a systemic inflammatory response, in turn, can also contribute to the development of depression. A 2015 study found that people with depression have a 30% higher inflammation in the brain. It was one of the first studies that specifically showed that a systemic inflammatory response and impaired metabolism in depression are detected, even when other conditions are absent.

However, depression is a complex pathology and can hardly be caused by inflammation alone, similar to obesity.

Many people usually think of depression as a mental disorder or mental health problem. But depression is a disorder with deep biological roots. This is the same physical problem as the mental one, it significantly affects the metabolism, the metabolism of hormones and the work of the organs.

Fight against obesity and systemic inflammation

Identifying a systemic inflammatory response is an expensive procedure. It is carried out only in scientific laboratories. But the patients themselves can help their body cope with the systemic inflammatory response, as well as control weight gain, while fighting obesity.

Of course, the best medicine in this case is diet. Some traditional products of our table help to increase the level of inflammatory cytokines. The two biggest culprits are omega-6 fatty acids and excess insulin, caused by the consumption of starchy carbohydrates.

To reduce the negative effects, you need foods with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and high polyphenol content found in fruits and vegetables. These good fats and bright fruits, vegetables, along with lean protein, make up most of the anti-inflammatory diet. Along with diet, a healthy lifestyle and stress management help reduce inflammation, especially in the brain. This is especially important when there are obesity and metabolic syndrome.

How does Pregabalin compared to Gabapentin in the treatment of neuropathic pain.

Treatment of neuropathic pain , Pregabalin in comparison with Gabapentin

Neuropathic pain is a current problem of modern life, difficult responding to treatment. The purpose of the present overview comes down to assessment of efficiency of Pregabalin and Gabapentin at treatment of peripheral and central neuropathic pain. In clinical trials of high level. Materials and methods. The present overview included randomized controlled studies.

Pregabalin is a medicine with anti-epileptic effect which allows to reduce severity of spasms of cross-striped skeletal muscles. Pregabalin is an analog of the main brake mediator of structures of central nervous system. Pregabalin is an analog of piperidic acid ((S)-3 (aminomethyl)-5-methylhexane acid). 

While Gabapentin on the chemical structure practically does not differ from piperidic acid. It is acid which is a brake neurotransmitter of central nervous system. The symptomatic anticonvulsant interferes with development of epileptic attacks. Also stops neuropathic pains. These pains arise because of pathological excitement of the central nervous system or neurons.

Gabapentin does not influence radioligand linking of GAMK with receptors. This drug is not metabolized in not proteinogenic acid. Also does not inhibit capture of a brake neurotransmitter. In concentration up to 100-110 microns the operating components do not show affinity to:

  • glutamate;
  • kainantny;
  • benzodiazepine;
  • glycine;
  • cholinergic;
  • and to other specific receptors.

Pregabalin is effective at patients with diabetic neuropathy and post-herpetic neuralgia. Clinical trials showed. Reduction of the index of pain by 50%, approximately at 35% of patients against the background of use of Pregabalin and for 18% of the patients receiving placebo was noted. The patients receiving Pregabalin and not noting drowsiness. Reduction of the index of pain by 50% was noted in 33% of cases. The patients accepting placebo at them this indicator was 18%. Drowsiness was noted at 48% of patients who received Pregabalin medicine. And at 16% of patients the receiving placebos. In addition at patients with neuropathic pain of Pregabalin reduced a sleep disorder. Improved the general condition and quality of life. The severity of allodynia at post-herpetic neuralgia decreased. Uneasiness at the central neuropathic pain. The need for morphine at neuropathic pain owing to cancer decreased. The severity of the constipations caused by it decreased. Effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (amplified at chronic lower back pain).

About gabapentinoids

Mechanism of action Gabapentin. It is ability of medicinal metabolites, to activate additional ion channels. In used of Neurontin the new formed peptide receptors were found. In a limbic system and a neocortex. These receptors carry out successful antiepileptic activity of active ingredients. At use of Gabapentin side effects arise considerably less than at reception of other anticonvulsants. If undesirable reactions are shown, then they are shown at patients at the very beginning of pharmacotherapy. It considerably facilitates life both to patients, and their treating to doctors.

Research of mechanical properties in molecular crystals in the field of a crystal engineering. Qualitative mechanical properties are necessary for production of pharmaceutical important substances in drugs, suitable for use. Monocrystals help to correlate microscopic structure to macroscopic properties for potential design. Hydrate forms of two anticonvulsant zwitterionic drugs, Pregabalin and Gabapentin are examples of crystal materials which show macroscopic plasticity. Direct comparison of these structures with their waterless analogs which are brittle allows to assume that presence of water is crucial for plasticity. On the contrary, structural features, such as molecular packing and anisotropic distribution of strong and weak interactions, seem less important.

In recent years abuse cases gabapentinoid became frequent (gabapentin or pregabalin). Data on pharmacovigilance from Reporting system on side effects of the Food and Drug Administration (FAERS) provide useful information about messages about side effects (ADE) for detection of a signal save gabapentin damit.

Though it is traditional was not considered as abuse drugs, for the analyzed terms more than 600 cases of abuse were registered that causes the necessity of further studying and standard investigation.

Each drug has pluses and minuses, in too time these drugs are similar in properties and origin.

Problems of COPD: depression, respiratory disorders

Posted on July 18, 2019  in Uncategorized

The presence of patients with manifestations of COPD does not add optimism. According to doctors, the symptoms of this disease are incurable, with time, respiratory disorders will progress, especially if you do not heal and do not radically change your whole lifestyle. Constant exercises to improve pulmonary ventilation can be tiring, changes in life and medication, unpleasant symptoms and attacks of breathlessness can provoke depression. What advice can a doctor give in this situation, to which questions of patients does he most often give answers?

Breathing problems: alarms

The human brain is designed to protect its own body and keep it alive. Deep in the human brain is a department that constantly tests its own   blood to make sure that the body receives enough oxygen, and the lungs breathe clean, healthy air. If he detects problems with breathing and gas concentration, he sends an alarm. It is perceived by the human body as a sudden attack of anxiety, unexplained anxiety, or panic. This feeling encourages a person to get up and leave the place where his breathing is disturbed.

With COPD, the patient often has breathing problems, and anxiety with asthma attacks can become common symptoms. As a result, a person may feel irritation or anxiety for a long time, or experience a panic attack when he is in a hurry, has run, or has felt a strong or strong smell. There may be more frequent   breathing, shortness of breath, asphyxiation and indisposition.

It is important to understand that this condition is common in people with COPD, it is not associated with emotional or mental disorders – it is the body’s response to hypoxia. With the help of a doctor, you can do a number of things that help reduce anxiety and choking.

Dealing with anxiety in sickness

Panic and anxiety, anxiety are common problems for people with obstructive pulmonary disease. This may be caused by attempts by the brain to eliminate hypoxia or the result of all changes caused by a painful condition. Below is a list of some of the problems that a patient may encounter with the disease:

  • The patient notes sleep problems because he is constantly worried.
  • He can sit quietly and suddenly begin to choke.
  • A person almost always worries about when he has a new episode of difficulty breathing.
  • It seems to him that if he leaves the house, he will become worse.
  • He is afraid of falling into elevators, on airplanes or on bridges, trying not to go to crowded places.
  • The patient avoids communication, constantly feels uncomfortable, is in anticipation of trouble.

This is also true for people who feel depressed due to their illness. They dream of “rest” from COPD. Sometimes this leads to alcohol abuse, complete isolation from people, which threatens to kill the patient more quickly.

Doctor’s advice for anxiety

It is unrealistic to hope that the patient will be able to completely get rid of anxiety. But the doctor may advise working in the direction of the “ideal level of anxiety.” In this ideal state, the patient accepts that he has a chronic and severe illness, but at the same time, the doctor will recommend certain techniques that can be used to alleviate the symptoms and improve the general condition.

In the long run, a person is likely to go through periods when he experiences too much, but at other times it is worthwhile to take more care of his condition. These vibrations are completely normal. The goal should be to find the “right” number of experiences that will help the patient save his life and control the manifestations of the disease.

Depression in COPD: the danger?

COPD can make a person feel tired all the time or makes it difficult to sleep. This can lead to fatigue, loss of appetite, and some medicines can change the taste of food or form side effects. The patient may be tied to an oxygen cylinder or suffer from a chronic cough, he is increasingly reluctant to communicate with others. Perhaps the patient was active all his life and now can not do what he once liked. All of these problems can put a person with COPD at risk of developing depression.

Of course, the development of COPD introduces significant limitations in the usual life, and much in life will have to be abandoned. Because of this is quite possible   depression, especially when feeling unwell. It is understandable that the patient may experience anger, sadness, and a sense of loss. These are quite natural reactions in the majority of chronically ill patients. But if the feelings are all-pervasive and do not allow a person to fully take care of himself, he needs to talk to his doctor: most likely the depression is already quite difficult. This condition is very common and is treatable through psychotherapy or drug treatment.

Signs of Depression in Patients with COPD

For patients with COPD, a number of symptoms are highlighted, indicating a possible depression. If the patient responds positively to five or more points, you should consult a doctor about depression. So, it is possible:

  • The feeling of sadness is more than 4-5 days a week for several weeks in a row;
  • Restless sleep, insomnia, or sleep that is disturbed by early wakefulness or difficulty falling asleep;
  • Excessive sleep, with difficult waking in the morning;
  • Decreased interest in your loved ones or activities;
  • Reducing energy, activity and motivation for any action;
  • Difficulties with concentration of attention and solving everyday problems;
  • Altered appetite, sharply increased or pathologically reduced;
  • Low self-esteem;
  • Feeling hopeless that a person will never feel better, no matter what happens;
  • Attacks of crying, occurring more often than usual;
  • A feeling of irritation regarding all aspects of life;
  • Excessive guilt;
  • Suicidal thoughts or a desire for life to end;
  • Inability to laugh or enjoy life.

At one time or another, most people with COPD think about various issues that are difficult to discuss with anyone, including doctors and family members. This concerns the terminal stages of the disease and the need to stay in a hospital or hospice, as well as the issue of life expectancy.