What substance is bimatoprost?

Posted on July 12, 2019  in Uncategorized

Bimatoprost is a synthetic analogue of natural prostaglandins.

In medicine, this class of chemicals is used to reduce intraocular pressure; Bimatoprost is part of a number of anti-glaucoma drugs.

Indications

  1. Open-angle glaucoma.
  2. Various cases of ocular hypertension.
  3. It can be used for eyelash hypotrichosis.

Instructions for use

Eye drops with bimatoprost apply   once a day, one drop in the conjunctival sac of the sore eye.

It is necessary to use this drug strictly.   as prescribed by a doctor, exactly following his prescriptions.

Side effects

  1. Itching and burning of the mucous membrane of the eyeball.
  2. Redness of the eyelids.
  3. Congestion hyperemia.
  4. The appearance of hyperpigmentation of the eyelid skin.
  5. Strengthening the growth of eyelashes.
  6. Change the original shade of the eyelashes.
  7. Possible change of direction and density of eyelash growth.
  8. The development of dry eye syndrome.
  9. Lowering intraocular pressure.

Contraindications

  1. Pregnancy.
  2. Age up to 18 years.
  3. Breastfeeding period.
  4. Allergic reactions and all cases of hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.

Particular caution in the use of drugs on the basis of bimatoprost must be observed in the following cases:

  • aphakia and pseudo-apacia;
  • damage to the posterior lens capsule of any nature;
  • the existence of a risk of macular edema;
  • previous long-term therapy of diabetes;
  • elevated blood cholesterol;
  • nephropathy of varying severity;
  • hypotension of various origin and varying severity;
  • uveitis: against the background of the use of bimatoprost, the disease may progress.

Kareprost

Analogues of this drug can be considered all drugs, the active ingredient of which is bimatoprost. Including   Kareprost, actively positioned on the market, as a means of enhancing the growth of eyelashes.

Important points:

  1. The effect of the drug Kareprost is not constant. It is necessary to maintain regular repeated courses.
  2. As a result of using Kareprost, the nature and uniformity of growth of eyelashes, the direction of their growth, thickness, even color can change.
  3. During the course of Kareprost, it is strongly recommended to control the intraocular pressure (in order to avoid permanent violations of it).
  4. The color of the iris may behave quite unpredictably: during the application of Kareprost, there is a high likelihood of its hyperpigmentation (especially, with its initial dark shade); the duration of this effect is unknown, but in most cases this effect is reversible.
  5. When using Kareprost, you should also keep in mind the possibility of hyperpigmentation of the eyelid skin. This phenomenon is also considered reversible.
  6. In the case of wearing contact lenses, they should be removed fifteen minutes before using Kareprost and re-installed no earlier than at the same time after use.
  7. Do not apply Kareprost drops to patients under the age of 18 years.
  8. In case of undesirable side effects, it is necessary to immediately discontinue the use of the agent and seek advice from an ophthalmologist.
  9. Since Kareprost is an ophthalmologic pharmaceutical product, when deciding on the use of Kareprost to enhance eyelash growth, it is more appropriate to be guided by the opinion of an ophthalmologist and not by reviews on advertising sites.

Situations requiring consultation of an ophthalmologist:

  • the appearance of any of the undesirable side effects indicated in the instructions for the medicinal product;
  • decrease in visual acuity on the background of the use of funds;
  • trauma of the organ of vision;
  • infection of the organ of sight;
  • the occurrence of any unusual symptoms or events that developed during the treatment with Kareprost.

Bimatoprost is a drug that is a component of ophthalmic drugs used in the fight against certain types of glaucoma.

However, today the drug has become widespread as a cosmetic tool that promotes the strengthening and growth of eyelashes.

The drug is indicated for:

  • open-angle glaucoma;
  • increased intraocular pressure;
  • hypotrichosis of eyelashes, their loss;
  • weak growth of eyelashes.

Drops with Bimatoprost

The substance is used in some medicines.   The most common are Bimatoprost, Latisse and Gunfort drops.

Bimatoprost  

Bimatoprost stimulates blood circulation, activates enhanced metabolism and provides blood flow to the eyelashes. Due to this, nutrients better penetrate the hair follicle, which ensure the growth and health of eyelashes. Also, the drug increases their volume and length. In addition, it can be applied to the eyebrows.

Drops are applied to the upper eyelid on the roots of the eyelashes with a special applicator 1 time per day. Course duration is   3 months. In case of contact with other areas of the eye, it is immediately removed with a cotton pad.

Latisse

Latisse is designed to strengthen eyelashes, nourish hair follicles and general recovery. Thanks to this tool the eyelashes begin to grow faster, while becoming thicker and darker.

It is necessary to use means once a day before going to bed. Before use, you must thoroughly clean the face of dirt and cosmetics and remove contact lenses. In the package there are disposable sterile applicators, with the help of which the drops are applied to the upper eyelid along the lash line. The tool should not leak out and, if necessary, remove excess moisture.

For each eye, a new applicator is used, and after use they must be discarded.

Gunfort

The composition of drops Hanforth includes not only bimatoprost, but also timolol.   Together they reduce intraocular pressure, increase the outflow of intraocular fluid, and reduce its formation. Gunfort is directly used as   means to fight glaucoma.   G enfort is applied 1 time a day in the morning. It is necessary to drip 1 drop into the conjunctival sac of the affected eye.

special instructions

After the use of the drug may be temporarily lost clarity, so you need to wait some time before you get behind the wheel or do work that requires special attention.   The product must not be applied if contact lenses are worn. After using the drug, you need to wait some time for the drops to be absorbed.

Interaction with other drugs

Tests studying the interaction of substances with drugs, were not conducted.   In theory, it enhances the action of drugs that depress the central nervous system. These include sedatives, anesthetics, alcohol, barbiturates and opioids.

Interaction with other types of substances is unlikely due to the fact that   Bimatoprost enters the blood in low concentrations. The tests also revealed no interaction with β-blockers.

Pregnancy and lactation

The drug is contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation, as it enters the body and actively affects it. In addition, Bimatoprost enters the mammary glands. For these reasons, the drug should not be used in these cases.

Bimatoprost Overdose

  • Do not exceed the recommended dose. Excessive use of the drug does not relieve your condition, and can also cause poisoning and serious side effects. If you know about an overdose case   Bimatoprost, contact the rescue service, the nearest hospital or hospital. Be sure to take with you the packaging, container or name of the drug to facilitate the diagnosis.
  • Do not pass your preparations to other people, even if they are in the same state as you, or it seems to you that your states have a number of similar symptoms, since This can lead to an overdose.
  • Please consult your healthcare professional or pharmacist, and also review the information on the product packaging.

Bimatoprost storage

  • Store the preparations at room temperature, in a cool place and away from direct sunlight. Do not expose these preparations to freezing if such a requirement is directly absent from the instructions. Keep medicines away from animals and children.
  • Do not flush the drugs in the toilet or drainage system, if such a requirement is not directly in the instructions. Medicines disposed of in this way can cause significant harm to the environment. For more information on recycling Bimatoprost contact your health care provider.

Expired Bimatoprost

  • Even one trick   Bimatoprost Expiry date may have serious consequences. Be sure to consult your healthcare professional if you feel weak or sore. In addition, the drug expired may lose its effectiveness in the fight against your disease. To ensure your own safety, it is extremely important to refuse to take expired medications. If you suffer from a disease that requires constant medication (heart disease, convulsions, life-threatening allergies), you need to establish a reliable channel of communication with your drug supplier in order to constantly have available fresh medicines with a normal shelf life.

Side effects

When using the drug for its intended purpose – against glaucoma and increased intraocular pressure, the following side effects may occur:

  • headache and dizziness;
  • irritation, severe itching, burning, redness;
  • lacrimation;
  • dryness;
  • swelling;
  • eye fatigue;
  • superficial keratitis
  • corneal destruction;
  • allergic conjunctivitis;
  • blepharitis;
  • reduced clarity of vision;
  • pain sensations;
  • photophobia;
  • temporary change in the color of the iris;
  • hemorrhagic changes;
  • uveitis;
  • hypertension.

Contraindications

The substance has a number of contraindications that prohibit their use:

  • pregnancy;
  • lactation period;
  • age up to 18 years;
  • allergic to components of the drug.

Drops are used with caution when:

  • aphakia, pseudophakia;
  • risk of macula edema;
  • diabetes;
  • nephropathy;
  • high cholesterol;
  • low blood pressure;
  • damage to the posterior lens capsule;
  • believe it.

Overdose

Cases of overdose with local use of the drug is not fixed.

Analogs

There are common drug analogues on the market that have a similar effect:

  • Bimat;
  • Lumigan;
  • Xlash;
  • Azopt;
  • Betoptik;
  • Xalac;
  • Fotil.

Reviews

“A good result, eyelashes really grew up (not so, of course, as in numerous reviews, but still not bad), and, moreover, the color of eyelashes became darker. It is a pity that this effect quickly disappears when you stop using the drug”.

Karina

“I want to have good, fluffy eyelashes for everyone, including me. A lot of positive reviews about Bimatoprost are posted on the network. I found the drug a bit expensive, but I did not find cheaper analogues. However, after two weeks I saw the effect I really liked it. However, the side effects forced me to see a doctor who explained the mechanism of action of Bimatoprost and its analogues on the eyes and advised me to stop using it until persistent violations had formed. Beautiful cilia are, of course, good Oh, but intraocular pressure is better not to joke.”

Catherine

“I used Bimatoprost for about two months to improve the state of eyelashes. I was tempted by reviews and beautiful pictures from advertising sites depicting lush, luxurious eyelashes. The result was not so luxurious. Of course, in the first two or three weeks the growth of eyelashes increased. However, then suddenly it stopped. despite the daily use of drops. My eyes began to itch and reddened. The doctor advised me to temporarily stop using Bimatoprost. The symptoms diminished, but I did not return to treatment anymore, it was too uncomfortable to be treated.”

How to cope with depression during pregnancy?

Posted on July 10, 2019  in Uncategorized

Pregnancy is accompanied by significant changes in the work of the whole body of a woman. The development of female sex hormones before gestation occurred cyclically: from one menstrual cycle to another. After the fertilization of the egg by the sperm and attachment of the embryo to the wall of the uterus, fluctuations in the hormonal background are aimed at maintaining pregnancy, ensuring the growth and development of the fetus. The mood swings that occurred before the onset of menstruation due to the production of the hormone progesterone and the drop in the level of estrogen, in some women increase during pregnancy. MedAboutMe introduces future parents with the causes of bad mood and depression in pregnant women, and also talks about methods for correcting the condition.

Perception of pregnancy

Getting a long-awaited positive result on beta hCG is a real celebration for the whole family. Unfortunately, not always the onset of pregnancy is a joyful moment. In the event that the parents decide to leave the child, you need to be aware of what can contribute to the development of a depressive state during pregnancy.

What is depression in pregnant women?

Depression is a condition that is accompanied by a depressed, bad mood, tearfulness, with which it is difficult for a woman to cope on her own without the availability of relevant knowledge and experience.

Risk factors for depression

  • Heredity

Scientists have identified the relationship between the emergence of depression between generations. The probability of its development increases in the event that a mother or grandmother is emotionally difficult to experience her   pregnancy.

  • Tension in communicating with the father of the child

The lack of harmony in the family is one of the main risk factors for the development of prenatal depression. Mood swings that occur in a woman in a “position” can not be tolerated by every man. The deterioration of relationships is promoted by a change in the external parameters of the body, a gain of excess weight during gestation, as well as a lack of sex life.

  • Stressful situations

Emotional overstrain, stressful situations occur in the life of every person everywhere. An unpleasant conversation with the authorities, a missed alarm clock, quarrels and conflict situations can unbalance anyone. Intrauterine development of the fetus helps to enhance the perception of events occurring in the surrounding world. This is explained both by a change in the hormonal background, and the development of a protective reaction of the body – the maternal instinct, since the woman is now responsible not only for herself, but also for her future offspring.

  • Accompanying illnesses

Infections, inflammatory processes during pregnancy, exacerbation of chronic diseases, febrile and pain syndrome weaken the immune system, at the same time contribute to the development   depressed.

  • Risk of miscarriage

The uncertainty that arises when the pregnancy is threatened is able to knock even the most emotionally resistant people out of the rut.

How can parents cope with emotional experiences?

The accumulated knowledge of the medical community has allowed to develop a comprehensive strategy for the correction of mood swings during pregnancy. Following the recommendations of obstetrician-gynecologists and medical psychologists allows minimizing the risks of depression in women in the “position”, as well as create a favorable environment for preparing for childbirth.

  • Changing attitudes to stressful situations

Parents who have revised their attitude to everyday stress, which occurs at work and in interpersonal relationships, have reduced the likelihood of a bad mood and tearfulness. Respiratory and meditative practices help to strengthen the spirit, inner spirit.

  • Creating a favorable family environment

The family is a fortress for every member of the family. The establishment of relations between the father of the child and the future mother is promoted by a joint pleasant pastime. Going to the theater, trips to nature, watching movies (which everyone was going to watch, but did not find the time) – everyone chooses something for themselves. It should be remembered that scientists have proven: sexual relationships are an opportunity to harmonize relationships in a family, because during orgasm there is a release of joy hormones (endorphins). Before resuming sexual activity, it is necessary to consult a physician to identify the absence of contraindications to sexual intercourse.

  • Recuperation

As you know, during pregnancy a woman’s body may fall into the so-called hibernation. All efforts are aimed at ensuring adequate growth and development of the fetus. That is why, so that a bad mood does not arise, a pregnant woman needs to rest and get enough sleep every day, find time for herself. Having filled life with small and big joys, you can forget about the existence of a bad mood.

  • Exercise stress

Dosed walks in the fresh air in the company of close friends contribute to the maintenance of muscle tone, as well as the fight against the blues.

  • Proper nutrition

Balanced nutrition during   of pregnancy   allows you to keep the body in shape, reduces the risk of gestational edema. In the morning, you can allow yourself a little more in the diet and eat bitter chocolate up to thirty-five grams per day.

  • Herbal infusions

In order to relax and achieve a mild sedative effect, obstetrician-gynecologists in some cases prescribe valerian extract one or two tablets several times a day. It should be remembered that   valerian   absolutely safe and does not adversely affect the fetus.

Depression is a clinical condition that can be corrected with the availability of knowledge and skills, as well as with the right approach. In the most severe cases, medical psychologists come to the aid of parents.

Depression during pregnancy: causes and methods of struggle

Posted on July 6, 2019  in Uncategorized

Most women during pregnancy enjoy their position and are in a good mood, anticipating the birth of a baby. However, the load experienced by the expectant mother and hormonal failure often negatively affect not only the physical, but also the emotional state. Any trifle can upset a woman’s mental equilibrium, provoke depression — a mental disorder accompanied by anxiety, depression, depression, lack of interest in life, and a bad mood.

This condition can occur absolutely at any stage of pregnancy. It negatively affects not only the woman, but also the formation, development, health of the child. Therefore, it is very important to know the symptoms of prenatal depression in order to recognize and eliminate it in time, as well as preventive measures to prevent the occurrence of this problem.

Causes of depression during pregnancy

Many factors can trigger the onset of prenatal depression. The main ones are:

  • mental illness before pregnancy and withdrawal of medication;
  • unwanted pregnancy;
  • predisposition to nervous disorders;
  • depressed state in the next of kin;
  • material and psychological problems in the family;
  • unsuccessful previous pregnancy or severe current;
  • fear of the upcoming changes associated with the birth of a baby;
  • forced change of scenery (for example, relocation);
  • lack of attention from loved ones, communication with friends;
  • changes in appearance;
  • fears of the future mother for the health and life of the child;
  • fear of childbirth;
  • professional lack of implementation, the inability to continue to build a career;
  • death of relatives, etc.

Symptoms of the problem

Prenatal   depression   it manifests itself in different ways, but some of its symptoms may indicate the presence of health problems (for example, a malfunction of the thyroid gland). Therefore, for a reliable diagnosis of the disorder, you need to seek help from a psychotherapist. The most disturbing symptoms of prenatal depression:

  • depressed mood or abrupt change of it;
  • detachment from all that is happening;
  • impaired concentration of attention, sleep and appetite;
  • pathological fatigue;
  • panic attacks;
  • frequent headaches;
  • delayed reaction;
  • increased nervous irritability;
  • tearfulness, which is peculiar to many during pregnancy;
  • feeling of own uselessness, lack of realization in life;
  • isolation;
  • suicidal thoughts.

Distinctive features of depression at different stages of pregnancy

Pregnancy of a woman proceeds in 3 stages (1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters), and depression can appear on each of them. Naturally, signs of the development of the disease in each of these periods will be different.

  • First trimester

At this stage, the expectant mother may fall into depression due to the non-perception of her new state, moral unpreparedness for the early birth of the child, rethinking of what is happening. In the first trimester, pregnant women can be extremely irritable, emotional, or depressed, which can also be triggered by changes in hormonal levels. Guards should talk about the meaninglessness of life.

  • Second trimester

At this time, depression occurs most often. It provokes uncertainty in their own desires. Women are worried about what they will do before delivery, as well as after the birth of the baby, and everyone copes with these emotions differently. Some discover new talents and develop in this path. Others can not cope with the experiences, close, can not accept this state of affairs and fall into depression.

  • Third trimester

At this stage   of pregnancy   The woman’s psyche is undergoing the greatest changes. The future mother is upset about the changed shape, feels helpless, clumsy, ugly and unwanted, worries about the upcoming birth, feels her uselessness and uselessness after leaving the decree. All this affects her psycho-emotional state and contributes to the development of depression.

Difference from a bad mood

The duration and causes of appearance are the main differences between depression and bad mood. Mental disorder is more protracted and deep, it occurs as a result of the presence of one or more of the above factors, and it is difficult to confuse it with a bad mood.

Poor mood is short-lived, occurs due to the presence of negative, annoying factors and passes as a result of the influence of positive ones.

What is dangerous depression in the expectant mother

The fetus in the womb of a pregnant woman forms and develops throughout the entire 9 months, so the unstable psychoemotional state of the mother can harm the baby at any time during pregnancy. Prenatal depression is dangerous in that it can:

  • provoke a miscarriage, worsen the course of pregnancy;
  • negatively affect the development of the fetus, its weight and psyche;
  • prevent the formation of language skills in the child, etc.

Treatment and Prevention of Depression

If you identify one of the signs of a depressive disorder, a pregnant woman should be taken to a psychotherapist who will help cure the ailment and tell you how it is performed.   prevention. Ways to deal with the problem:

  • changing the mode of the day, the inclusion in it of affairs and events that elevate the mood, the per-minute distribution of daily work;
  • playing sports (if there are no contraindications);
  • proper rest and sleep;
  • communicating with positive people, visiting circles;
  • changing nutrition, including healthy foods and natural anti-depressants (chocolate, bananas, green tea, almonds, etc.) in the diet;
  • help from relatives, social support (participation in the program of psychological assistance to pregnant women);
  • self-help – the adoption of a new state, positive thinking, daily hobbies;
  • communication with nature – walks in the fresh air, especially in sunny weather;
  • taking vitamins, herbal antidepressants (lemongrass tincture, passionflower or St. John’s wort – with the permission of the doctor);
  • treatment with medicines (only in difficult cases and on the recommendation of a specialist).

In addition, excellent prevention of prenatal depression is self-care. A hike in a beauty salon, a massage room, a relaxing bath, as well as shopping always lifted women’s spirits and relieved stress.

Why can’t I ignore depression?

Posted on July 2, 2019  in Uncategorized

Currently, depression is a disease that affects more than 50% of the population. Its manifestations may be obvious or hidden, which significantly impairs the diagnostic and clinical picture of human health. Both women and men are prone to depression. Divorces in families where one of the partners is prone to its manifestations, occur several times more often. Ignoring dangerous symptoms not only undermines mental and physical health, but can also lead to suicide. What else is dangerous   depression, if you do not notice its manifestations in time and do not begin treatment?

How depression affects the psyche

Experts call depression a 21st century disease. Its development is promoted by a high rhythm of life, a low level of economic stability, the presence of unidentified psychological traumas, inability to take care of oneself, bad habits, stress, lack of support.

Sometimes people confuse depressive manifestations with bad mood, fatigue and other signs that relate to the peculiarities of character. Depression is characterized by prolonged manifestations, in contrast to what is considered behavioral features. Its main features are:

  • lack of strength and joy to life;
  • unwillingness to do things that used to be enjoyable;
  • sleep disturbance, refusal to eat or overeating;
  • irritability, tearfulness, aggressiveness;
  • quick temper, frequent mood swings, bouts of rage;
  • lack of control over feelings, thoughts and behavior;
  • obsessive desire to disappear;
  • unwillingness to wake up, live, move, work;
  • lack of necessary care about yourself – a person stops taking a bath, does not monitor the cleanliness of clothes, and order;
  • rejection of the activity;
  • feeling of unreality of the events;
  • strong anxiety attacks   before bedtime;
  • feeling of lack of meaning in life.

The human psyche is acutely responsive to depressive manifestations. The formation of processes that are responsible for making decisions, the ability to make choices, overcoming difficulties is slowing down. A person feels that he is inside, as if he is dead and does not see ways to help himself. A sense of confusion, loss of objectivity. People who are depressed, when asked what they feel, are often told that their “As if not.” This sensation causes fear to go crazy, a new wave of disturbing thoughts. They strive desperately to look for something that can give them joy, however, they do not find it and then experience a new stage of desolation. Others do not resist the negative manifestations that occur in the psyche and “go to die.” If this process is not stopped in time, the consequences can be dire.

A depressed person does not manipulate others, demonstrating that he is ill, he does not want anything and nothing pleases him – he really feels that way and does not understand why he should live. Therefore, the help and support of loved ones, the opportunity to notice in time that  depression   swallowed a family member or friend – a chance to figure out what caused it and ask for medical and psychotherapeutic help.

Communication disorders

Many people ignore depressive symptoms and, from their last strength, continue to live, go to work, communicate. How is their interaction with others built?

  • They can be unpredictable – even 5 minutes ago there was a smile on their face and they seemed to be feeling good, but now they want to cry bitterly and die.
  • Depression postpones the communication style. In the middle of a conversation, business or friendly, people can “hang on”, step back and “fall” into their thoughts. In fact, they are close to others – even keep up the conversation – however, they are mentally somewhere far away.
  • A person who is “confused” in life, suffers from the influence of psychological trauma, can often be biased towards others – he is inclined to take the words of others very close to his heart, be offended to tears, “tear” meaningful relationships, blame unfairly, leave or attack. He does this because he projects to those around him unexpressed feelings that cause depressive manifestations and should be addressed to other people – parents, relatives, partners.

Thus, depression, the treatment of which is not engaged, can lead to the fact that many valuable contacts in life are lost, there is a risk of losing friends, provoking quarrels and conflicts.

The risk of losing meaningful relationships

It is difficult to build a close relationship with a person who is depressed and does not recognize it. He cannot calmly and correctly perceive the words of others, be fair, think objectively. Instead, he takes everything into his own account – he sees “enemies”, suspects, is jealous, attacks, after which he feels unloved and suffers.

Lack of vitality

When the psyche is at the mercy of depression, it is impossible to think of anything else, as the absence of meaning in life and ways of leaving it. For this reason, the person has almost no desire to do anything – he physically feels a lack of energy and fatigue, as if he had to work for several days all the time. This feeling does not leave him, even if he sleeps, rests and does not refuse food.

Exacerbation of somatic diseases

According to experts, people who are prone to depressive manifestations, more often than others, exacerbated chronic diseases. So, they suffer from heart disease, disorders of the circulatory, respiratory systems, gastrointestinal tract. When a person, after he completely “plunges” into illnesses, still seeks help from a doctor – a cardiologist, a psychotherapist – he is much harder to recover from all painful symptoms, it takes a lot of time and effort to diagnose and correct.

Treatment of depression psychotherapy

The lack of vitality is due to the containment of negative feelings. For the same reason, people may suffer from depression. If you turn to a psychotherapist for help at the moment when disturbances in the emotional sphere or at the physical level become noticeable, you can get rid of depressive manifestations with almost one hundred percent success.

The more a person “runs away” from depression, not allowing himself to notice it, the worse may be the consequences for his life and health. Psychotherapy does not allow “hiding” from itself, even if this meeting promises something unpleasant, dangerous, painful. The support of a psychotherapist, to whom trust is formed, is a chance to build relationships with oneself, improve one’s health, fully recover from depression.

Depression in a young father

Posted on June 28, 2019  in Uncategorized

After giving birth, mother and baby are in constant contact. And what does the new father feel at this time? What feelings seethe in his soul after the birth of an heir? Unfortunately, these are not always only positive emotions.

Depression in men: signs of the disease

On depression, the young father began to talk only in recent years. It turns out that depressive states are inherent in about 10% of men who have recently become dads. Why does this happen, MedAboutMe understood.

It is sometimes more difficult for men to endure depression because they often simply do not understand what is happening to them. The new father becomes sluggish and irritable, gets tired faster and tries his best to avoid homework. And if a woman tries to shame and call him to order, he either leaves a serious conversation, or shows violent negative   emotions: “So, I do not do anything? Now I will definitely not do anything! See how you like it. “

A young father in a state of depression separates from the family, including the child, not wanting to communicate with him. However, he is not just not in contact with the newborn, fearing to harm the crumbs because of his own awkwardness, but consciously does not want to see him. It seems that the child is unloved by his own father and uninteresting to him.

The fact that a man   depression also shows an increase in the amount of time spent by him outside the home. He explains his own absence very reluctantly, in most cases referring to increased workloads at work, or refuses to do so at all. And then again he uses any excuse to sneak out of the house.

Stress and other causes of depressive disorders in a young father

The newly minted daddy can “knock out” both the new status and the unwillingness to perform fatherly duties (although this does not mean that the man didn’t want this child) and the problems that accompany this joyful event. Sharply increased material needs of the family, combined with a lack of knowledge and experience in dealing with young children, are fertile ground for the development of depressive disorders.

The next factor of development   diseases   There are certain discrepancies between expectations and reality. Very often, the future father draws in his imagination a charming calm toddler, but in reality the child is not exactly like that – he cries, requires food, constant attention and care.Therefore, it is not surprising that a man becomes depressed. Claims and demands of the spouses are also fertile ground for stress. The trigger can be fatigue and overwork, new responsibilities, greater responsibility and a lack of funds to meet the increased needs of the family.

Depression is even more aggravated if the wife is constantly busy with a small child, and practically does not pay attention to the man.

Very often, a man experiencing a complex range of feelings in connection with the advent of the heir is not able to express them. He does not complain, but, on the contrary, tries to look in the eyes of loved ones as prescribed by social stereotypes, according to which a man should not be weak and hesitant. He must be strong, confident and reliable.

The child was born: how to cope with emotions?

How to cope with postpartum depression? First of all – no self-medication and taking antidepressants on the advice of “knowledgeable” friends. Only a specialist (psychiatrist or psychotherapist) can prescribe medication. What helped one person may well turn out to be not only useless for the other, but also harmful. In addition, the drug and its dose are selected individually.

And do not blame yourself for the fact that negative emotions prevail. The appearance of symptoms of depressive disorder does not mean that this man is a bad father. Therefore, the feeling of guilt is better to drive away away. But you should not write off your own inaction and the lack of positive emotions for depression either. So a man can justify himself for a very long time, assuring that depression is to blame for everything, and do nothing to change the situation for the better.

To improve their mental state, young parents should not only engage the child, but also pay attention to themselves and to each other. The best helpers in the fight against the blues – sincerity, friendly support and understanding. In addition, the young dad will be useful to take a break to restore mental strength. For example, a man can spend a couple of evenings a month the way he wants (of course, within reason).

Well, if you can not cope with depression on your own, it makes sense to consult a specialist. Currently, there are many ways to treat depression – from a variety of psychotherapeutic techniques to conducting drug therapy.

Can help a man out of depression and people close to him. Therefore, a few tips for them. If one of the relatives has been overwhelmed with depression, this state should not be ignored, it is better to support the person. You don’t need to say something like: “You’ve been inventing everything, you don’t have any depression,” “It’s much harder for others, but they don’t even give way to it”, “Stop souring and take hold of yourself”. Such “support” not only does not help, but can aggravate the situation even more, because the person will feel ignored and misunderstood. It is unlikely that he will be better off.

No need to blame the young father in the absence of willpower, indifferent attitude to the newborn child and the loss of interest in life. This can cause even greater oppression, aggression, and even deprive the last forces. A man sometimes needs help no less than a woman. Help him, for example, take on a part of his duties (to a greater extent – domestic). Do not wait for requests, offer help yourself. And as often as possible, praise zahandrivshego person.

“Likes” in social networks do not save from depression

Posted on June 24, 2019  in Uncategorized

American sociologists from the National Institute of Mental Health argue that good events on social networks do not outweigh the negative comments. With each “dyslikom” risk   depressed   will increase despite the number of “likes” received.

The study involved almost 1.2 thousand students aged 18 to 30 years. They were asked to assess the percentage of negative and positive communication in social networks, as well as to pass tests for depression. Scientists, moreover, were interested in how often last week the project participants felt depressed, helpless, useless, and so on.

It turned out that negative comments significantly increase the risk of developing depression in people. The increase in the volume of negative comments by only 10% causes an increase in the probability of developing a depressive state by 20%.

What is the most annoying – positive feedback, positive pictures, “likes” do not improve the user’s mood and do not reduce the risk of developing mental disorder.

Experts urge people to “disconnect” from social networks as often as possible in order not to allow them to enter themselves into a state of depression. According to them, even the publication of other people’s photos of a successful happy life can lead to this, as people are used to comparing themselves with others. And often, the comparison of the demo “photo-shocked” picture is not in their favor.

What is New Year’s depression and how to deal with it?

Posted on June 20, 2019  in Uncategorized

New Year is the most desired and favorite holiday of children and adults. People buy gifts for loved ones and enjoy the holiday atmosphere. As early as mid-November, spruces, garlands and toys decorate shop windows. But not everyone is equally happy holiday. Many people have a depressed emotional state, known as New Year or post-New Year depression. The feeling of a miracle, as in childhood, is no longer there, and negative emotions come in its place – disappointment, bitterness of loss, or a feeling of loneliness.

What is depression and why can it develop before the New Year?

Today   depression   is one of the major human diseases. More than half of the inhabitants of large cities are subject to its various forms. It develops from a high level of noise, lack of sleep, a high rate of life and a large number of people. Life in a big city is a powerful stress factor in itself, since a person needs to maintain a certain level of life and consumption. As a result of high employment and insufficient sleep and rest, a person has negative emotions – irritability or apathy.

Depression is often confused with a short-term negative emotional state caused by external or internal factors. It can easily pass after the switching of thoughts and attention from a disturbing object to a new setting, exhibition or concert. With depression, depressed state lasts more than 2 weeks, and vacation or sports no longer help. Among her main symptoms, she noted constant fatigue, apathy, gloomy or anxious mood, lack of interest in her hobbies, irritability or tearfulness.

Before the New Year, not all residents of large cities feel elated and believe in miracles. Many are immersed in not the most pleasant thoughts and cares, so they are annoyed by unnecessary “tinsel” and entertaining television shows. Accumulated fatigue or family problems on the background of the general atmosphere of the holiday can cause New Year’s depression.

Negative emotions before the celebration of the New Year

For children, the New Year is the most favorite holiday. Presentations are held in schools and kindergartens, and gifts are distributed in state and commercial organizations – toys or chocolates. Adults participate in corporate events with concert programs.

The older a person becomes, the less he feels a miracle. For many adults, December 31 and January 1 are ordinary days that do not bring anything special. Therefore, they do not experience any positive   of emotions   from the general fun. If the person still has no family or partner, and friends and relatives are far away, then the feeling of bitterness can only intensify.

As a rule, by the end of the year, many workers sum up the results – they write reports, prepare presentations, collect documents related to their activities. It takes a lot of time and effort, so the holiday atmosphere passes by them. New Year’s holidays lead to large financial costs, so many are sad that they run out of money.

Some adults are briefly “charged” with the atmosphere of universal expectation of a miracle, but in the morning of January 1, everything remains the same. After the holidays, ordinary life returns, in which no miracles take place. In addition, in Russia, the New Year holidays are often associated with an increased use of alcoholic beverages, giving only a short-term and false state of euphoria. Alcohol is depressant, and can only aggravate the depressive state of a person.

Christmas depression quickly passes. But if it is delayed, then the person should contact a psychotherapist who tells you   how to get out of depression. In many cases, its cause is much deeper than waiting for a miracle that did not happen on the night of December 31 to January 1.

How to get out of depression after the New Year?

People who are annoyed by the general fun before the New Year holidays, psychologists recommend doing what they like. It is not necessary to watch movies or attend certain events simply because “everybody does it”. If they cause sadness and increase the feeling of loneliness, then you should think about how best to avoid it.

A person celebrating New Year alone can visit a theater or a museum, go on a trip. Many people believe that December 31 and January 1 are the usual days of the calendar, and just fall asleep. Others, on the contrary, have a large selection of invitations, but they do not want to see all their acquaintances or relatives.

It is not necessary to tune yourself in a minor way and decide how to get out of depression, not yet confronted with it. It is better to think about its prevention in advance! Many expect from the holiday something more than just changing one year to another, but expectations are not met.Therefore, you should accept the fact that expectations can not be justified and stop waiting for something extraordinary from the holiday.

For Russia and many other countries of the world, December is the darkest month of the year. Light day ends at 16.00, so the body feels the lack of sunlight. And it also contributes to the development of depression. Improper diet and plenty of alcohol also increase the desire to lie on the couch and do nothing.

People who are accustomed to spend holidays actively – to meet with friends, attend interesting events, engage in winter sports, are less worried about how to get out of depression after the New Year. Active recreation, not related to the use of alcoholic beverages and fatty foods, strengthens the immune system and gives a boost of energy before returning to work.

The main cause of depression before the New Year holidays may not even be a general holiday mood, but problems in the family, illness, conflict or trouble at work. The pleasure of the holiday is often overshadowed by excessive workload at work and large crowds of people in stores.

In order not to reinforce the unfavorable state of mind, it is necessary to reduce the exaggerated expectations from the holiday and to organize your leisure as the person wants and to do what really gives joy. You can not go shopping at the most active time, and make gifts more modest. After all, a holiday is not only a large number of people. It may be a quiet holiday for a narrow circle of close people or even one person.

5 important things that depression teaches

Posted on June 16, 2019  in Uncategorized

In the modern world, it is considered that   depression   – extremely negative emotional state, from which, if it arose, you need to immediately get rid of. Doctors, in this case, prescribe antidepressants, psychotherapy, which help to cope with the depressive state. However, there is a downside to depression, which is worth considering. Many American scientists have thought that obsession with the problem, feelings and apathy can be useful for human well-being and human development. How can depressive thoughts be used to your advantage? Why is this method ineffective for endogenous depression? Answers can be found in this article.

Human psychology is depressed

Depression as a kind of psychological state arises as a reaction to emotional shock, psychological trauma, a crisis period in life. A person, being in it, experiences the following symptoms:

  • Feels pain, unwillingness to move and communicate;
  • Loses sleep, rest or vice versa, sleeps more than usual;
  • Has problems with appetite – refuses to eat or overeat;
  • Becoming aggressive or depressed;
  • Ceases to see the meaning in life;
  • Losing vital energy.

According to scientists, a person has   depressed   mental processes are activated better than those who are in an even mood, because concern about the existing problem and obsessive thoughts give rise to reflections on how to improve your life and resolve existing difficulties, brain activity and analytical thinking are activated. A person asks the questions: “Why did this happen to me?”, “How do I stop being unhappy?”, “Why is life so unfair?” And the like. If you think and find answers to them, then there is a chance to improve your health and living conditions. What else can you learn from being depressed?

Relationships outside the role of victim

As a rule, the depressed state is often due to the fact that the person takes the position of the victim. He complains about life, relationships and people around him, avoids taking responsibility for himself. Such a role does not lead to success and development. Having come down to the bottom of depression, everyone has the opportunity to accept himself as such – weak, helpless, dependent, with the goal of abandoning this role and making the decision to become independent and responsible.

Depression promotes personal growth

It so happens that a person finds it difficult to make a choice — every time he encounters such a need, he doubts that he is going to do the right thing. The feeling that prevails over him is the fear of making a mistake, losing something important to yourself –   relationship, experience, work.Such a life stance – chronic insecurity – not only does not help grow as a person, but also leads to depression.

Experts, watching people in the doldrums, notice that their endless analysis about “What should I do to not make a mistake?” Once leads to the choice of one or another position. It is good if at this stage he has the help of a psychotherapist – thanks to working on himself, one can reduce the level of anxiety regarding the risk of making a mistake, learn how to be flexible, accept one’s own experience and don’t blame yourself for doing wrong. So, going through all the depressive stages within oneself – pain, doubts, despair – one can get closer to the true “I”, know oneself from different sides, learn to make choices.

Attention to your emotions

In the depressed state, many feelings “rise”. Sometimes their restraint provokes the onset of depression. So, if you allow yourself not to “crush” the emotions inside, listen to them, you can discover new features and qualities in yourself, get answers to questions about the meaning of life, your own desires and needs. Most often, people are accustomed to the fact that depression should be eliminated as soon as possible. However, scientists believe that its occurrence, just, teaches not to ignore what is happening inside, but to notice it.

So, a person begins to understand what his pain in the soul is talking about, what he wants to get, when he starts to hear his anger, how he would like to change his life, noticing despair and fear.

When the pain goes out

The habit of “pushing” emotions is familiar to many since childhood. “Men do not cry” and “Girls do not behave this way” – phrases, if they are often repeated by parents, form inside the habit of behavior, thanks to which a person begins to hide and hide what he actually feels, experiences.However, from the fact that they were ignored, thoughts and emotions have not gone away – they remained inside. Such suppression over time leads to depression and the fact that a person ceases to understand what he wants.

Depression contributes to the fact that pain and other negative feelings come out, not without reason, being in a mentally unstable state, a person often cries, stings himself, suffers, he has thoughts that life is completely in vain. So, having allowed myself to feel pain, “pouring” it out with tears, living through depression, it is possible to get rid of all the repressed feelings that have accumulated inside. This leads to a feeling of inner freedom, provided there is support nearby and the ability to stop in time for their sufferings. Only by feeling inside the emptiness in the soul, you can fill it with new emotions, feelings and impressions.

Habit of asking for help

It is believed that people are depressed, with a weak type of mental activity – they are vulnerable, insecure, impressionable. This is not always fair. Those who are stoic, strong personalities are often inclined to fall into depressive thoughts, because they do not take the opportunity to ask for help.

Depression – a period when you can learn to do it. Being weak, addicted when the soul hurts and is disturbed by obsessive thoughts is not helplessness, but a position that speaks about caring for yourself. In addition, a person, when he risks to turn to other people for support, gets the opportunity to feel needed, loved, to let others take care of themselves.

Endogenous depression

Depression is divided into two types – neurotic and endogenous. The tips given here are relevant to the state of the first, when a person experiences painful feelings as a result of shock, trauma, crisis. The second type, depression caused by heredity and the nervous system, is not amenable to treatment only with the help of psychotherapy, living through emotions and the support of loved ones. In order to alleviate her condition, it is necessary to take antidepressants, which are prescribed by a doctor.

Hormonal contraception and depression: is there a connection?

Posted on June 12, 2019  in Uncategorized

Birth control is a prerequisite that is observed in modern civilized society. Ideally, any child should be born desirable, and each family decides in advance how many babies to start, based on health and financial well-being.

Of course, a complete rejection of sexual activity is not the best way to control fertility. To do this, you need to choose the most appropriate method of contraception, which today are several. Many women choose hormonal contraceptives for themselves, as it is safe, modern, reliable and allows you to enjoy communication with your spouse without any special restrictions, conditions and training. However, recently the opinion that these drugs affect the functioning of the central nervous system and cause depressive disorder has begun to appear more often. Is this true and is there any way to avoid it?

What is hormonal contraception

Hormonal contraception is one of the most effective and reliable methods of protection against unwanted pregnancy. These are not only widely known pills, but also other methods of drug delivery – vaginal rings, patches, subcutaneous implants, intrauterine device. At the same time, estrogen derivatives or progestins are introduced into the woman’s body.

The essence of contraception itself is that the drugs “deceive” the female organism, as it were, acting in three main directions.

  1. Prevent ovulation, the penetration of the egg into the fallopian tube and its progress in the direction of the uterus.
  2. Affect the viscosity of cervical (cervical) mucus. It becomes more dense, which prevents the penetration of sperm through it.
  3. Impact on the structure of the inner lining of the uterus. Even if the first two points did not work and fertilization occurred, the embryo cannot be implanted in the wall of the uterus and pregnancy does not occur.

Depression and female hormones

Many women know what premenstrual syndrome is. 3-5 days before the onset of menstruation, they do not understand what is happening to them: everything seems grim, life is terrible, the husband does not love, the children are tortured, at work everything is also bad. There is no more unfortunate woman than the one in which the next period is about to begin. The reasons are that throughout the entire cycle, the production of sex hormones changes in her body: in the first half before the onset of ovulation, estrogen dominates, and in the second – progesterone. It is with the latter that all the specific signs of premenstrual syndrome are associated.

And now it is possible to imagine how the drugs for hormonal   contraceptives that contain progestins only? These include not all, but a considerable part of contraceptive devices (mini-drank,   Depo Provera   and etc.). Similar! That is, a woman taking these drugs is experiencing the same emotional turmoil as during the premenstrual syndrome. However, unlike the latter, the lowered background of the mood pursues her constantly, and not for 3-5 days per month.

Hormonal contraception and depression

Numerous clinical studies on hormonal methods of contraception confirm: progesterone significantly reduces the production of serotonin – the hormone of joy. Thus, this sex hormone has an effect on the emotional and cognitive function of the brain. However, the degree of impact is different: the more a woman is impressionable and prone to experiencing, the more pronounced she is   depression   against the background of hormonal contraceptives.

In 2016, the results of a study conducted in Denmark, with the participation of women and girls aged 15–36 years who were constantly taking oral contraceptive preparations for 14 years, were published. Before treatment, none of them had a diagnosis of depression. The results were indicative.

  • The use of drugs containing only progesterone (Mini-pili, etc.), 1.3 times more often led to the development of depression. Many women even received antidepressant medication.
  • Acceptance of combined oral contraceptives, containing both estrogens and progestins, was 1.28 times more likely to cause a negative emotional background.
  • Progesterone transdermal patches increase the risk of depression by as much as 2 times, and vaginal rings by 1.5 times.
  • Especially increased risk of depression in adolescent girls 15-18 years old, taking oral contraceptives for the treatment of gynecological diseases.

In other clinical studies, it was confirmed that if a woman was initially suffering from depression, hormonal contraception significantly increased her severity.

Depression in the face of declining libido

Drugs for hormonal contraception affect the level of sexual desire of a woman. This sad fact is confirmed by numerous clinical studies. About 15% of all women taking oral contraceptives report that their libido has decreased dramatically, to the point of not wanting to have an intimate relationship with their spouse.

The reasons lie in the fact that this reduces the level of testosterone and greatly increases the concentration of globulin that binds sex   hormones   (SHBG). And even with the withdrawal of drugs, the latter remains 3-4 times higher than the norm in the next few months.

The lack of regular sex life in a woman who had previously lived with her and because of the existence of which a decision was made to start taking oral contraceptives cannot but affect her emotional state. Dissatisfaction, problems in relations with the spouse, leading to the emergence of quarrels, conflicts, resentment , are added to that depression, which already arises while taking hormonal contraception .

If hormonal contraception contributes to the fact that a woman stops understanding, why should she take pills every day, if she and her spouse have no sex with her husband, then this is not the best option for her. Libido can be “killed”, but it is very difficult to restore it, especially if there are already factors that affect it in the best way: small children, hard work, constant fatigue and lack of sleep.

Intrauterine device and depression

Taking pills daily is not convenient for everyone. Some women forget about it, and if you take breaks, the risk of unwanted pregnancy increases many times. In addition, it is unsafe for health.

The intrauterine device is also one of the types of hormonal contraception in which the medicinal substance acts locally: it increases the viscosity of the cervical mucus and affects the endometrium (prevents implantation of the embryo). However, despite the fact that the action of the spiral is described by the manufacturers as exclusively local, in reality this is not quite the case.

Some species (for example, those containing levonorgestrel) cause very severe depression, especially in the first months after installation. Women say that their life becomes simply unbearable, especially the premenstrual syndrome. It is sad that the fact of the connection of depression and the presence of the intrauterine device does not immediately become clear. But already for 2-3 days after the removal of the helix, women notice a significant relief of the condition and improvement of mood without antidepressants.

It should be noted that not all women after depression of the intrauterine device spirals, depression develops, as well as with the use of other types of hormonal contraception. However, before installing it, this fact should be discussed with the gynecologist. If the symptoms of depression are already present, then it is necessary to give preference to non-hormonal methods, or drugs containing estrogens, because the quality of life of a woman should not suffer.

Holiday depression in old age

Posted on June 8, 2019  in Uncategorized

Until the New Year there is very little time left, children and adults are waiting for it with impatience. But older people are often not at all delighted with the holiday, rather, on the contrary, they expect a serious exacerbation of health problems and sleep disorders due to noise. In addition, on New Year’s Eve, emotions, both positive and negative, can flood, and also develops   depression associated with various external and internal factors. Why is it harder for older people to survive the holidays, why does depression arise when there is an atmosphere of fun and joy around? How can you help your elderly parents or grandparents?

Holidays in old age

Far from all for the upcoming holidays is a joyful and fun time. So, many older people may experience a feeling of isolation and loneliness, especially during the New Year holidays. There are many reasons for this, and the older they are, the more acutely the problems can be felt.

During the holidays, the thoughts of older people may be negative. People may have memories of their youth, growing up and mistakes made in life, insufficient time spent with family and friends. But, as is often the case, the older the age, the more family members and friends the person loses.

Loved ones and friends leave far because of family and work responsibilities. Some people leave their homes, where they have spent decades of their lives, in order to improve, change their living conditions so that they meet their growing needs. Sometimes in old age people need special care and medical care, which requires staying in a nursing home or hospital. This also does not add optimism.

Emotions on holidays

Sometimes serious health problems involve moving to your family and children, but this is not always possible for material and other reasons. Older people may not be able to move from place to place, frequent the clinic, visit friends and children due to physical limitations, poor health or financial condition. This forces them to stay at home or live in specialized institutions. The feeling of isolation and loneliness can crush, provoke negative emotions, especially during the holidays. This time, which in the past was filled with events, traditions to celebrate the holiday with family and friends.

It is quite natural to experience nostalgia and different emotions. People tend to be sad when they think about the past and the good times that are now far away. There is a longing for friends and relatives who have passed away. Although sometimes these emotions can be difficult to assess and perceive by others, it is necessary to recognize that they are natural.

The risk of depression during the holidays

However, sometimes your own emotions can cause anxiety and turn into depression. The so-called “festive”   depression   common in the elderly. According to some estimates, between 8 and 16% of elderly people experience clinically significant depressive symptoms, and 5% of people who do not live in nursing homes have manifestations of a serious depressive disorder.

The feeling of sadness, depression, or “weakness” is only one of the symptoms of depression. A person may also lose interest or stop enjoying the activities in which he once participated. He may have trouble sleeping – either he sleeps much less, or much more than before. A depressed person may complain of low energy and experience frequent obsessive thoughts, feelings of guilt and dissatisfaction. Appetite can decrease, which leads to a sharp weight loss.

A person who develops depression may have a hard time motivating himself to start things every morning. Or, on the contrary, it can be difficult for him to sit still, he is constantly nervous during the day.

Sleep problems behavior

Depression may affect concentration – people cannot focus on what they are doing. Sleep is constantly disturbed, or it is difficult to fall asleep in the evenings, or it is extremely difficult in the mornings to wake up and “swing”. Often, poor sleep every day only aggravates the general condition.

People suffering from depression may even declare that they feel that life is not worth living or that they “should die”. In harsh circumstances, they may even attempt suicide, although for the elderly   age   it is not typical. You do not have to have all these symptoms to be depressed. But if an elderly person reports that:

  • feels depressed most of the day;
  • experiencing a loss of interest in the activities that he used to enjoy;
  • he has disturbed sleep;
  • there are at least some of the symptoms described earlier;
  • symptoms last two or more weeks;

This meets the criteria for the diagnosis of primary depressive disorder.

Treatment of depression: health problems

Fortunately, depression treatments are available today. Medications may be used to help reduce the symptoms of depression that a person is experiencing. But often somatic health complicates the selection of drugs. For those who do not tolerate these drugs, or in cases where drugs do not work, the state of health does not allow them to be taken, psychotherapy will help. This treatment of mental problems with the help of a conversation with a psychiatrist, a psychotherapist. Sessions can be just as effective in treating depression as drugs are, but a person who experiences symptoms should be ready to talk about their feelings, and this is not an easy task for many.

Family, friends of the elderly should not only monitor somatic health, but also note changes in the mood or behavior of an elderly person, which may indicate depression.

Help close

If relatives notice something disturbing, you should not ignore the symptoms. You need to ask the person they are worried about, whether he feels depressed, tired or sad. Carefully follow how things are going, and if the mood does not improve or worsens within a few weeks, you should invite them to see a doctor to determine if the condition is a depressive disorder.

It is also important to support the elderly, as they are often left alone with their depression. If they do not live nearby, you need to call them, visit more often and communicate more. This approach to treatment is as effective as possible.