Postpartum Depression Dad Spoils Child Management

It has long been known that postpartum depression is characteristic not only of young mothers, but also of fathers who have a baby. In addition, as a recent study by specialists from Oxford University showed, postpartum depression of young fathers can cause more serious harm to a child than depression of young mothers after the baby is born. 

According to the authors of the study, depression affects more than five percent of young men who have become fathers. The factors that provoke the development of depression are sleepless nights and a frightening feeling of being in the new status of the father.

Young dads who are depressed spend much less time with their children. In the future, such a lack of paternal attention can lead to the development of behavioral problems in children. This conclusion was made according to the latest research.

Forty men who have recently become fathers were selected for the study. All participants were approximately the same age and had the same level of education. The children of men participating in the study were three months old. It was not previously established which of the men is in a state of postpartum depression. Participants were invited to interact with their children for three minutes. It turned out that those men who least contacted the babies suffered from depression after giving birth.

Depression will be diagnosed by blood test results

If earlier psychiatrists diagnosed depression only on the basis of the patient’s story and history, now it is now possible to determine the level of depression using a blood test. Moreover, with the help of such an analysis, it is possible not only to establish the presence of depression, but also to determine its severity. 

A blood test works on the basis of measuring the concentration of phosphoric acid in the blood, and the content of ethanolamine phosphate in it.

A little earlier, experts found a relationship between the concentration of phosphoric acid and the presence of depression in humans.

People with depression had lower blood ethanolamine levels, less than healthy individuals.

Even when conducting only the first stage of the test, it was found that a blood test for depression gives a very accurate result, and the procedure itself takes only a couple of minutes. 

Earlier attempts to diagnose depression using blood tests were based on a study of leukocytes of the DNA chain. But such tests were not accurate.

The introduction of a new method for the diagnosis of depression makes it possible to reliably make the specified diagnosis. In this case, the procedure is performed quickly, which allows not to start the patient’s condition.

According to the developers of the new method, doctors will be able to use the novelty about a couple of years after all clinical trials and tests are completed.

The cause of female heart attack is depression

Posted on January 6, 2020  in Uncategorized

Women who are experiencing depression in the postmenopausal period increase the risk of heart problems.

Researcher from New York Medical College. Alberta Einstein, along with her colleagues, conducted a study on the relationship of postmenopausal depression with various diseases. The material for this study was the medical history of 95 thousand women over a period of 4.5 years.

The study organizers found that signs of depression are observed in more than 16% of women during postmenopausal women. And accompany this condition of the disease of the heart and blood vessels.

Of all women experiencing postmenopausal depression, approximately 11% more cases of hypertension, 55% more women who have had a stroke and heart attack than among women whose psychological state is within normal limits. Representatives of the weaker sex who have not previously suffered from heart disease, the state of depression increases the risk of death due to heart attack or stroke by 2 times. 

It is necessary to take into account that the use of drugs that suppress the depressive state does not reduce the likelihood of developing heart diseases, nor does it interrupt the relationship of the depressive state with heart diseases.

Researchers have developed several schemes that interpret the relationship of these ailments – this is inhibition of the depressive state of lipid metabolism and the functioning of the autonomic system. Nevertheless, the reasons for this ratio remain unclear.

Social networks provokes the development of depression

Posted on January 2, 2020  in Uncategorized

A group of American experts, after conducting a scientific experiment, was able to determine why depression appears. According to experts, social networks have a strong negative impact on adolescents.
Scientists have found that even one week spent on social networks significantly increases the level of depression. And there are several reasons for this.

According to experts, active users may appear envy, in particular, to subscribers. This can even happen because while sitting at home discouraged from boredom, people look at photos of others and vacationers in warm countries.

Another important problem for modern users is low self-esteem, as well as a sporting sense of inferiority. This can be triggered even by the fact that the user’s photos put few likes.

It is precisely because of these reasons that the negative impact of social networks on the mood of a person, especially adolescents, who are too emotional about every little thing, is made.

Clinical Depression

Clinical depression is a kind of change in the brain, which leads to a deterioration in mood, lasting for several months. Chemical compounds called neurotransmitters, which include dopamine and serotonin, norepinephrine and acetylcholine, are frustrated in their work, in other words, they are unable to fulfill their main function – the transmission of brain impulses to nerve cells. Clinical depression is a feeling of depression and sadness, a lack of appetite, a decrease in sexual desire and arousal, a memory disorder, and constant fatigue.

Clinical depression is characterized by such phenomena as:

– a feeling of utter hopelessness and own weakness. Any, even not very difficult situation, begins to be regarded as having no solution and no way out.

– A sharp decline in interest in daily affairs. Cases and things that used to always interest a person, gave him pleasure, no longer attract him, do not contribute to raising the mood. Such cases include sex, hobbies and work, household chores.

– appetite disorders. In clinical depression, there is a sharp decrease or increase in appetite, which entails a change in body weight.

– disorders of sleep regimen and quality. In the course of clinical depression, insomnia, frequent waking up from sleep at too early hours, or irresistible drowsiness can be observed.

– psychomotor disorder, which manifests itself in excessive slowness, or, conversely, in the sharpness of movements, the inability to sit in one place.

– A feeling of constant fatigue when performing even elementary exercises.

– constant reproaches and accusations against him. Enduring self-guilt and worthlessness. Frequent severe criticism of fictitious minuses.

– inability to concentrate, focus on something. With clinical depression, the patient is struggling to get together, concentrate, make a decision. Against this background, short-term memory is deteriorating.

External subjective signs of clinical depression

Many people suffer for a long time from unexplained discomfort, not assuming that the cause of existing ailments is clinical depression. A feature of clinical depression is that it forces the brain to give pain signals to certain parts of the body.

The most common subjective signs of chronic depression are:

– pain in the back. During clinical depression, chronic back pain can be aggravated.

– headaches, migraine attacks.

– soreness in the muscles, knee and elbow joints.

– pain in the chest area. If a person does not suffer from heart disease, but finds pain in his chest, it can be assumed that he has clinical depression.

– digestive disorders, which is expressed in constant diarrhea, constipation and nausea.

– sleep disorders. It means insomnia or a shedding, in other words, a person suffering from such disorders either cannot fall asleep, or, on the contrary, constantly falls asleep.

– unwillingness to eat or gluttony.

– constant dizziness.

Most often, treatment of clinical depression consists in reducing subjective discomfort with antidepressant drugs. And these drugs, in turn, exacerbate the depressive state. Therefore, treatment of clinical depression must begin with natural methods, and only then, as necessary, connect medications.

Pregnant Depression May Affect Infant Brain Development

The brain of a child whose mother was depressed during pregnancy develops differently, which may put him at risk of anxiety disorders at a later age. This was stated by scientists from the National University of Singapore, after a series of studies.

Depression is a fairly common condition during and after pregnancy. According to the US government, about 13% of pregnant women and young mothers experience depression.

A team of researchers led by Dr. Anki Qiu, an associate professor at the National University of Medicine specializing in medical imaging, observed 157 pregnant women. During the experiment, women were asked to answer questions regarding depression at the 26th week of pregnancy. Then, for two weeks from the date of birth, the baby was sent for a brain scan.

As a result, it was found that there were no differences in the shape of the tonsils in children, despite the fact that their mothers had to test during pregnancy. However, researchers have revealed another. On the right side of the amygdala, the ability to communicate was much less in those children whose mothers had the most pronounced depressive symptoms. According to researchers, this can increase the vulnerability of children to mental illness and depression. Although this risk can be reduced if pregnant women are systematically checked for depression and effective treatment is started in a timely manner, which is therapy, drugs for depression, or a combination of therapy and drugs.

According to specialists from the Mayo Clinic, the fact is that women experiencing depression should consult their gynecologist in order to correctly assess the risks. Some mild depressions are treated with psychotherapy, and antidepressants are used to treat more severe forms.

Depression during pregnancy changes the structure of the fetal brain, scientists found

The structure of the departments of the brain of the newborn responsible for the emotional state changes, in the case of a depressed state of the expectant mother during pregnancy, scientists from Singapore said in an article published in the journal Biological Psychiatry.

Depression is a common mental disorder that, according to WHO, affects more than 350 million people worldwide. It is generally accepted that people in a depressed state are characterized by health problems, low self-esteem, motor inhibition, and if the expectant mother suffers from depression, the fetus is also at risk. Previously, scientists learned that a child has abnormalities in the brain that are involved in the formation of emotions – amygdala, the so-called cerebellar tonsils. However, since the baby’s condition was studied for several years after his birth, it was not clear how exactly these violations occur.

Anqi Qiu from the National University of Singapore and colleagues invited 157 pregnant women to study. At week 26, they were asked to fill out a questionnaire from which scientists could determine if the future mother suffered from depression. For example, did she have trouble sleeping, did she have panic attacks, how active and energetic she was. At the second stage of scientific research, newborns were already about two weeks old. Using magnetic resonance therapy (MRI), scientists examined the amygdala in their brain.

It turned out that the volume of cerebellar tonsils in children was the same, despite the fact that their mothers suffered depression during pregnancy or not. However, the structure of the amygdala located in the right hemisphere of the brain changed: in children of “depressed” mothers, the ability of nerve cell processes to exchange information with each other was lower.

According to the authors of the article, such children as they grow older can become prone to mental disorders, therefore, it is necessary to assess the state of mental health of a woman from the moment she finds out about pregnancy. 

Young fathers may also have postpartum depression

Men who become fathers at a young age are more likely to experience postpartum depression. That was the purpose of the study, which was published in the scientific journal Pediatrics.

After analyzing the health data of more than 10 thousand young men, whose age was 24-32 years old, specialists from Northwestern University found that the manifestation of symptoms of depression increased on average by 68% during the first five years of paternity.

Earlier in most previous studies, scientists focused on the effects of postpartum depression on young mothers and their children. The new scientific work was one of the first to study in detail the development of symptoms of depression in young fathers.

In this regard, the lead author of the study, Craig Garfield, said that the danger of parental depression lies in its negative impact on children, especially in the first important years of life, when there is an attachment between children and parents. It was found that fathers who experienced depression often resorted to corporal punishment. In addition, they are less likely to spend time with their children, reading books to them. It is likely that children of such fathers may have difficulty with speech and reading, problems with behavior.

Only two out of five cases treat depression

According to recent studies, it was found that only two out of five patients can get rid of a depression.

Scientists from the University of Toronto came to these conclusions after they studied the information of more than 2,500 volunteers living in Canada and suffering from depressive conditions at some point in their lives.

It turns out that 39% were able to recover without any consequences for the human psyche.

Scientists noted that in the recovery of people, social support is important. Such patients recovered 4 times more often, unlike those who did not have a warm emotional relationship.

However, it turned out that the duration of depression did not affect the ability of absolute recovery. In addition, experts clarified that insomnia, functional limitations and poor physical health are becoming a big obstacle to getting out of depression.

Female depression during menopause

Climax is a critical period that every woman experiences at a certain age. In the female body, physiological changes occur that seriously affect her mental state.

Age-related neuroendocrine disorders lead to a decrease, or complete extinction, of reproductive and menstrual functions. The mental and somatic conditions that accompany these processes can provoke the development of menopausal depression.

What is characteristic of depression during menopause

  • Increased irritability.
  • Feeling depressed, causeless sadness, despondency.
  • Frequently changing mood swings.
  • Disorders of concentration.
  • Low self-esteem.
  • Prostration.
  • Increased anxiety.
  • Unmotivated outbreaks of aggression against loved ones and others.
  • Internal tension.
  • The absence of any motivation that can help overcome this condition.
  •  

Menopausal syndrome – the main symptomatology

  • Vegetative-vascular disorders, such as jumps in blood pressure, headaches, dizziness, excessive sweating, hot flashes.
  • Disruptions in the endocrine system, which lead to an increase in body weight, contribute to the development of osteoporosis, cause dishormonal hyperplasia of the mammary glands.
  • Changes in mental behavior.
  • Decrease in personal needs.

Scientists argue about the causes of this type of depression, but agree on one thing. During menopause, hormone levels fluctuate – the estrogen content is constantly changing. Since this type of hormone is directly related to the work of biological substances located in the brain and responsible for mood, a decrease in the amount of estrogen can lead to the development of a depressive state.

How to cope with menopausal depression 

  • Immediately start hormone therapy using medications that can restore hormonal levels. To do this, consult a doctor who will develop the necessary course of treatment. These measures should not be postponed; over time, the chances of success are markedly reduced.

Extrogen therapy helps to improve mood, it is often used as a replacement for hormone replacement therapy. A positive effect is achieved in cases of combining drug treatment with psychotherapy.

  • Do not forget that every age has positive aspects. Your children have grown up, that is, there is free time that you can devote to yourself, beloved. Start reading interesting books, which did not have time before, sign up for a club of interests, where you can chat with new people, learning a lot. Embark on a journey, get acquainted with new cities and countries.
  • Tighten your own appearance. Change your hair color and hairstyle, now is the best time to experiment. Long walking and skiing trips, visits to dance classes will help to keep fit.
  • In cases where it is not possible to get out of a depressive state yourself, visit a psychologist. Pay attention to the choice of a doctor. The best option is a woman “aged” with her own life experience.
  • Relatives can help cope with depression during menopause. Their attention and care can work wonders.

Summary

You can cope with this type of depression yourself, or seek help from a psychotherapist. Much depends on personal correct attitude. No need to feel sorry for yourself; menopause is not a disease, but a natural physiological process. A woman is beautiful and desirable at any age, if she wants it. Good luck!