Antidepressants do not cause growth retardation in children

Posted on April 11, 2020  in Uncategorized

 Despite concerns that antidepressants taken during pregnancy may affect the growth and development of babies, a small new study finds no difference in size between one-year-old babies who were and were not exposed to drugs.

Drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs, which include fluoxetine (sold as Prozac) and citalopram (Celexa), have been associated with premature birth and low birth weight. But their effect on the growth of children in infancy has not been studied.

Untreated depression also does not seem to affect the development of the child. This is important because the fastest growth of a child occurs in the first year of life – which creates the basis for the growth and formation of a person as the rest of life.

Scientists examined 97 pregnant women without depression, 46 – sitting on antidepressants and 31 – with depression, which was not treated with drugs. Their children were measured and weighed four times during the first year of life. Almost 20% of women taking SSRIs gave birth prematurely – before the 37th week of pregnancy – compared with 10% of women in untreated depression and 5% of women without depression.

However, neither depression nor SSRIs were associated with less weight, shorter body length or smaller baby’s head size after two weeks, three months, six months and one year.

Previous studies have shown that babies who are exposed to SSRIs tend to have more problems right after birth. Depression itself was associated with the risks of psychological development of the child. However, the choice to take or not take antidepressants during pregnancy remains the woman’s personal decision. Each should consult with its physician and weigh all the risks and benefits in its own unique case, the scientists added.

7 strategies to completely defeat depression

Posted on April 7, 2020  in Uncategorized

 Combating depression can be effective in 90 percent of cases. Psychotherapy usually acts as the basis of treatment; the doctor prescribes other methods of treatment as necessary.

1. Psychotherapy.

No scientist has proven that depression is completely a brain disease divorced from the patient’s life. In any person, the disease is rooted in unresolved emotional conflicts from the past. A good psychotherapist will be an invaluable resource in the fight against the disease.

2. Medicines.

Psychotherapy and medications work together more powerfully than individually. Medicines today can save lives. However, a knowledgeable psychopharmacologist should prescribe them. It is better if it will be the same doctor who carries out psychotherapy.

3. Repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation.

Magnetic impulse treatment of certain parts of the brain is a very powerful treatment for depression. Many patients who do not respond to medication will respond to TMS.

4. Ketamine infusions.

Providing patients with ketamine only twice a week for 45 minutes is a very powerful way to quickly treat depression. This procedure works especially well for those who do not benefit from medication.

5. Therapy in bright light.

Exposure to waves that mimic sunlight (without ultraviolet rays) can significantly reduce symptoms of depression.

6. Vitamins and supplements.

Anyone who is depressed and has no contraindications to taking magnesium, vitamin D, and fish oil should consider this option. However, before adding any supplement to the diet, you need to consult a doctor.

7. Electroshock therapy.

ECT has come a long way. Now it is painless, well tolerated and leaves most people without significant memory deficits.

If your doctor does not use a comprehensive strategy to treat depression, it is best to get rid of him or her.

10 ways to deal with postpartum depression

Posted on April 3, 2020  in Uncategorized

Having a baby can make you feel emotionally depressed and depressed. One minute the young mother is beside herself with joy and love for her baby, and the next one has eyes wet with tears. This is a woman’s common reaction to having a baby called postpartum depression, a disorder that affects one in seven mothers, according to a recent study in the JAMA Journal of Psychiatry.

Any woman may experience postpartum depression, but women who often experienced anxiety or depression during pregnancy are at greater risk.

Of course, with postpartum depression it is better to talk with a professional who can make an accurate diagnosis and offer medications and therapy. However, there are also things that any woman can do now to feel better. Here are 10 ways to deal with postpartum depression.

1. Trust your instincts

If you feel that something is wrong, then you should take your feelings seriously and share them with someone. “Finding the right place to give you support is the very first step,” said Karen Kleiman, a licensed clinical social worker and executive director of the Post-Birth Stress Center.

2. cry

Your hormones have full strength during the third trimester, and after giving birth, your body tries in every possible way to return them to normal life. “One of the ways your body makes hormones is through tears,” said Dr. Kimberly Sittel, an assistant professor at Buffalo and author of The Postpartum Mood Disorders.

3. Breastfeeding

But: only if you can or want to. According to a recent study, women who breast-feed for two to four months are less likely to suffer from the disorder.

4. Get enough sleep

With a newborn baby, this may sound like a dream, but sleep plays a very important role in the development of postpartum depression. At the very least, try to go to bed at the same time as your child and forgive sometimes help from loved ones.

5. Review your time

All the time of a young mother, up to every minute should be correctly divided. Treat time with more realism and do not take on yourself more than what you really can do.

6. Find friends

Join a group of local mothers to provide moral support, the general organization of games and events, as well as just for communication.

7. Eat healthy foods.

A balanced diet that will give you energy, as well as avoiding alcohol and caffeine, will help maintain a good mood.

8. Move and exercise

From movement and regular exercise, the level of endorphin rises, which can alleviate depression, so go to the gym or go for a walk with your child.

9. Lean on your partner

Tell your spouse how you feel and ask him to provide you with the support you need – this will help to cope with depression and improve your relationship.

10. Sign up for a massage

The key point in postpartum depression is the mom’s mood for screams and cries of the baby – anxiety appears, which also affects the baby. The result is a vicious circle. A course of professional massage will help get rid of anxiety and relax both mother and child.

Fighting Depression

Posted on March 30, 2020  in Uncategorized

Experts of all countries agree in one opinion: recently, depression has become almost the most common ailment that affects millions of people around the world (up to 20% in developed countries). Some even compare it with cardiovascular disease. Health services are seriously concerned about such statistics and seek to promote the widespread promotion of signs and methods of dealing with depression. Depression is considered a disease of the whole organism.

The main signs of depression are distinguished in various manifestations. Emotional manifestations are characterized by longing, despair, depression, depression, irritability, anxiety, lack of interest in the surrounding reality, decreased self-confidence, guilt. Physiologically, depression manifests itself in the form of changes in appetite, sleep disturbances, decreased sexual needs, pain, fatigue. A person who is depressed behaves passively, avoids contact in every possible way, and abuses alcohol or psychoactive substances. Mental manifestations are expressed in the form of difficulty in making decisions, distraction, gloomy thoughts about one’s life and the world as a whole, pessimism, sometimes in the form of thoughts of suicide. The specialist diagnoses and selects methods to combat depression in the presence of such symptoms for two weeks or more.

In most cases, depression is confused with manifestations of selfishness, bad temper, or pessimism. However, depression is not a sign of a bad mood, but a serious illness that needs to be treated. The sooner the fight against depression begins, the easier it is to cure it before it worsens and leads to suicidal thoughts. Nevertheless, many are afraid to contact a specialist, believing that they will be registered, forbidden to drive vehicles, condemn others, and also prescribe psychotropic drugs for treatment. About 80% of patients with depression seek medical advice from general practitioners and only 5% receive the correct diagnosis, and only a few are prescribed the right treatment.

Modern medicine analyzes depression from several perspectives: psychological, biological and social. The psychological factors of depression are called negative thinking, increased conflict in the family and environment, stressful events in life, as well as social isolation from those who can improve the mood of interlocutors. From the point of view of biology, the emergence of depression is facilitated by violations of neurochemical processes. The social factors of the formation of depression include a high pace of life, high competitiveness, difficult economic conditions, and uncertainty about the future.

A comprehensive approach is currently being used to combat depression, including biological therapy and psychotherapy. Drug treatment is used for all forms of depression and implies complete trust in the specialist and the drugs prescribed by him, regular medication and a detailed story about the state of life. Among the main medicines used by a patient with depression, antidepressants are considered. Modern medicine offers a wide variety of drugs, including those that have been used for more than half a century. The benefits of new generation antidepressants are better tolerance and safety in case of overdose. It should be remembered that the effect of such funds does not appear immediately, but gradually. The main difference between antidepressants and tranquilizers is the lack of addiction and withdrawal.

Psychotherapy is a serious addition to drug treatment, which implies an active role of the patient in the fight against depression. It is aimed at developing the patient’s skills of emotional self-regulation. There are three approaches to the treatment of psychotherapy: psychodynamic psychotherapy, behavioral psychotherapy, cognitive psychotherapy. Psychodynamic psychotherapy believes that the basis of depression is internal unconscious conflicts (for example, to be independent and require the support of loved ones). So the main goal is awareness of the conflict and the search for balance. Behavioral psychotherapy deals with the patient’s current problems and relieves symptoms such as passivity, monotony of lifestyle, isolation. Cognitive psychotherapy is a complex of the listed approaches, combining their advantages. They also resort to family counseling and group psychotherapy to combat depression. supporting loved ones is very important for people with depression.

Sense of anxiety

Posted on March 26, 2020  in Uncategorized

A constant sense of anxiety does not allow a person to enjoy life, the world becomes gloomy. Pessimistic mood does not leave alone. Constant voltage exhausts. Anxiety often seems unfounded, but it provokes first of all a fear of uncertainty. An unpleasant sensation is characteristic of people of any age who too often forget that anxiety is a subjective perception of the surrounding reality.

Human consciousness cannot control the nervous system. A person does not always consciously feel the imminent threat, but the nervous system perceives everything and makes it aware of the danger. In some, the warning is expressed in an increase in heart rate, in some, bowel problems begin. Subconscious fear begins to manifest itself physiologically.

The main task of feelings of anxiety is to warn of a bad future event and give an opportunity to prevent this. At its core, it is like internal intuition, only focused on the perception of extremely negative moments. However, such emotions should have their own measure, otherwise the feeling of anxiety becomes too intrusive and prevents a person from living fully. With excessive anxiety, a person will already need a specialist.

Anxiety is most affected by people with depression. Various psychological injuries also allow a person to be at risk. However, the growing development of medicine and treatment methods allows us to study the problem of anxiety more deeply and find optimal solutions to cure it. The study of anxiety showed that feeling is the result of a person’s insecurity in his future. Simply put, a person does not see what awaits him next and does not feel stability. But, alas, it is not possible to predict your future. Therefore, it is quite natural that, as a solution to the problem of excessive anxiety, one can recommend a more optimistic view of the real world. After all, the unpredictability of tomorrow is interesting and exciting. The main thing is to see in it the possibility of good changes for oneself, and not a loss of stability.

The emergence of feelings of anxiety can contribute to complex relationships in the family, and the unstable economic situation in the country, and material difficulties. Anxiety arises before the exam, performance and other situations when a person does not know what to expect. However, a person is not able to psychologically feel this feeling constantly. Some people are easy to relate to such situations and look at things easier. Thus, they manage to maintain both internal balance and a positive outlook on the world. For a person who prefers to plan everything, think ahead, uncertainty brings strong emotions, as it contradicts their internal principles. The unforeseen situation is no longer being evaluated in terms of new opportunities and prospects. Even if a new event threatens a good outcome in the future, a person will still perceive it as a disruption of his plans and a loss of stability.

A sense of anxiety does not have a clear reason, unlike a feeling of fear. Therefore, it is not easy to cope with it. However, this feeling allows a person not to stand still, to develop and strive to achieve something. Attempts to avoid any risk are either pre-failure or involve a complete rejection of any initiative. It turns out the situation is like in the famous work “The Wise Gudgeon”. But excessive emotions should not be present either. They can not only lead a person to depression, paralyze from any activity, but also serve as a reason for contacting a specialist. As the saying goes: “Everything should be in moderation.”

Depression state

Posted on March 22, 2020  in Uncategorized

Events that happen to a person every day, and his reaction to them is reflected in the state of mind and health. Irritation or bad mood are natural companions of disappointment or dissatisfaction. All disappointments and dissatisfaction lead a person to a state of depression.

Depression can occur due to the loss, for example, divorce from a spouse, separation from a loved one, death of a loved one, dismissal from a usual place of work, etc. Depression is a normal reaction to life events of this nature. Most people over time manage to overcome this condition and return to normal life.

Depression can be aggravated due to the influence of certain factors.

– gender. Women are twice as susceptible to depression than the stronger sex. Most often, depression occurs due to changes in the hormonal background experienced by every woman during the period of gestation, the postpartum period and menopause. Many women are characterized by depression before and at the very beginning of their menstrual cycle.

– age qualification. The state of depression by people of mature age is often simply not noticed, since more attention is paid to their physical health. A state of depression can occur due to retirement, the death of a husband or wife, son or daughter, and the realization of physical inferiority.

– genetic predisposition. In the case when among relatives of a person there are states of depression, anxiety and neurosis, or other mental disorders, we can say that a person has a genetic predisposition to disorders of this nature. In addition, if one or both parents suffered from depression, then the risk of illness of the child increases immediately several times.

– aggravation of the state of depression is affected by frequent stresses and shocks, for example, dismissal from work, relocation of children, death of loved ones.

– Even such a seemingly insignificant condition as an incomplete secondary education can become an aggravating factor in the state of depression.

Signs of depression that indicate that a person needs help are different for each person. Depressed mood, lack of interest in life are considered common signs of a state of depression. More common signs of depression:

– unstable appetite or sudden jumps in weight;

– causeless irritability or, on the contrary, grave calm;

– constant fatigue and drowsiness;

– sleep disorders;

– inability to focus on something;

– a feeling of complete hopelessness;

– a feeling of helplessness;

– constant thoughts of death.

Due to the fact that mood swings are considered as normal behavior of adolescents and children, it is the states of depression that are conceived in them that remain out of sight of adults. States of childhood and adolescent depression are very complex processes that subsequently greatly affect the life of an adult. Timely non-stopped depression can lead to unpredictable and very deplorable consequences, including suicide attempts.

Although the disorder, which has real causes, is a normal reaction of the human psyche to what is happening, it is worth trying to prevent the subsequent states of depression. If you often experience depression, visit a psychologist, talk to him about this problem. Pay attention to sleep, food, work and rest.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorders

Posted on March 18, 2020  in Uncategorized

Obsessive-compulsive disorders are chronic and extremely severe mental disorders, characterized by obsessive ideas, a state of obsession. The most common signs of obsessive-compulsive disorders are oppressive obsessive thoughts, constant fears and anxiety, an irresistible desire to regularly perform any specific actions, for example, wash hands, open and close cabinets.

Timely diagnosis, an understanding of the severity of the disorder and the need for specialized treatment are fundamental factors for a favorable outcome.

Obsessive-compulsive disorders can affect any gender. However, in the case of women, these mental disorders appear at an older age, and in men a little earlier. In addition, the relatives of a person suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorders, the risk of similar pathologies increases.

Clinical signs of the disorder are exacerbated in women during gestation and in the postpartum period. Anxiety and fears intensify, a woman cannot find a place for herself, cannot be distracted from obsessions.

Most common obsessions:

– Uncontrolled fear of infections and dirt;

– alarms about whether the gas is off or the lights are off;

– painful accuracy when it becomes unbearably even thinking that the thing is not in place;

– fears due to fears of harming others or oneself;

– unreasonable anger or cruelty;

– doubts arising without reason in their own morality, honesty, etc .;

– the requirement for others to confirm their significance every minute;

– Too much concentration on sounds, words, numbers or symbols.

In this case, the response of the body to such obsessions can be:

– constant washing of hands;

– constant return home to check that everything is off;

– strict observance of all hygiene rules, compliance with an impeccable order, laying out things in a specific order;

– constant attempts to attract the attention of others;

– pathological collection of waste rubbish;

– repeated reproduction of phrases or words in the mind;

– the regular implementation of specific identical actions, for example, touching the door handle in a strictly defined place.

Reliably the causes of these mental disorders are still unknown. However, on the basis of work on this topic, it can be assumed that obsessive-compulsive disorders result from a combination of several factors, including:

– genetic heredity. Genes that “travel” from one generation to another affect the mental state of a person, if among his relatives there were cases of obsessive-compulsive disorders. Heredity is all the stronger the earlier it began to appear among relatives. If one of the twins suffers from these violations, then the second they most likely will also appear.

– disturbing and restless violations. People who are constantly experiencing anxiety, excitement and fear are much more susceptible to the development of obsessive-compulsive disorders. Such people may suffer from depression, digestive disorders, drug or alcohol addiction, attention disorder. In addition, the development of obsessive-compulsive disorders can be affected by streptococcal infections.

– reduced concentration of serotonin, responsible for the transmission of nerve impulses between nerve cells. This violation can destroy the normal course of biological processes, including mood, sleep, appetite, and emotional control. And also anger, anger and pain.

Fighting Autumn Depression

Posted on March 14, 2020  in Uncategorized

With the change of season, when the sunny and merry summer is replaced by a sad slushy autumn, many begin to feel some heaviness, emptiness. Getting out of bed is becoming more difficult, I don’t want to smile, irritability increases. Autumn depression – the phenomenon in modern life is almost normal, few people are not affected by it. But living in this state is not worth it. Psychologists are strongly advised to combat lethargy and stress due to the fact that it tends to develop into a deeper, pathological state. The fight against autumn depression is needed first of all to the person himself. If you live in a state of chronic fatigue for a long time, this cannot but affect the physical and spiritual condition. Today, there is a triad of deadly diseases that residents of large cities are familiar with firsthand – cancer, cardiovascular and psychological diseases.

The fight against autumn depression is all the more difficult because the forces are already undermined, you don’t want to resist, but you need to do something, force yourself. A depressive state can develop in several ways: gradually, a person himself may not notice that his psychological state begins to roll dangerously, and at the same time, when a person just suddenly drops his hands. In order to notice changes in time, you need to know the signs of burnout. Firstly, it is a sleep disorder, as a result of which fatigue, headaches, and physical weakness appear. Secondly, appetite disorders, which can be expressed either in a loss of interest in food or in an increased need for food. Thirdly, with depression, the person seems to go out externally, he begins to have problems with the skin, it acquires an unusual shade, the hair grow dull, it begins to fall out, and the nails peel.

The fight against autumn depression will be more effective if you know what caused it. In the middle lane, emotional fatigue syndrome can be caused by an infectious disease. Especially if it is chronic. In autumn, the disease is activated again, and will undermine psychological stability from the inside. The second reason can be a long stay in a state of emotional stress – constant hard work, problems in the family, a frantic rhythm of life. All this affects the psyche, and at one terrible moment it may not stand. A third reason for the development of chronic fatigue syndrome and autumn depression can be a sedentary lifestyle. The fact is that a lack of physical activity negatively affects not only the physical condition of the body, but also the brain.

If you know what caused the development of emotional breakdown, then the fight against autumn depression will be twice as easy. In this case, as they say, a wedge is beaten out by a wedge. If the reason lies in the presence of an infectious disease, then you need to undergo a medical examination. Successful detection and treatment of the disease normalizes not only the physical condition, but also helps to get out of depression. If the problem lies in the too fast pace of life, when there is no time to just sit and quietly, without rushing anywhere, to drink tea, then you just need to take a little time off, leave, and have an emotional rest. You can change the situation by going to visit someone or on an excursion to another city, or you can stay at home, slowly come to your senses, wander around the shops, go for a relaxation massage. A good rest in body and soul will help yoga exercises based on breathing practices.

Similar advice can be given to those who are depressed due to lack of physical activity. You need to get out of the house, attend either the gym, or other types of physical exercises. If you are not actively pursuing activities, it is best to start walking for a long time, choosing unfamiliar routes. Horseback riding helps a lot. As a rule, for most people this type of recreation is new, because horse riding will help to get distracted. Horses, as well as dolphins, are animal therapists, communication with them allows you to relax. In addition, the fight against autumn depression involves the optimization of nutrition, water balance and sleep and wakefulness. It is a full and healthy sleep that can become the main means of combating poor health.

Psyche of woman

Posted on March 10, 2020  in Uncategorized

The psyche of a woman, as a rule, is less stable than the mental health of the stronger sex. This is not surprising, since women are much more emotional than men, all problems are experienced by them more acutely and painfully. Although, exceptions, of course, exist. The psyche of a woman, among other things, is subject to periodic changes in female life – pregnancy, childbirth, parenting, menopause. That is, all that is unknown to the man. That is why the mental health of women often suffers much stronger than men.

Of course, the psyche of a woman can suffer at any period of her life, but powerful provocative factors arise precisely at certain stages of life. During these periods, the doctors who observe the woman, as well as her relatives, should carefully monitor her behavior, notice all the features and collect, so to speak, anamnestic data.

Even in childhood, a woman’s psyche can suffer from disorders such as a variety of phobias, fears, obsessions and anxiety syndromes, hyperactivity due to attention deficit disorder and learning disorders. In adolescence, the risk of such mental disorders of a woman as eating disorders, in particular anorexia and bulimia, is sharply increased. During the period of the first menstrual bleeding, dysphoria of premenstrual origin develops. After the transition period, the psyche of a woman often suffers from depression.

The psyche of a woman is subjected to truly unbelievable stress during the bearing of a child and after the baby is born. Women with mental disorders often consciously refuse to take medication during pregnancy, which increases the likelihood of a relapse. After the birth of a child, women often experience changes in mood. Many have a period of postpartum depression that does not need treatment. Others suffer from more serious mental illnesses that upset a woman’s ability to work. A small number of women after childbirth suffer from psychotic disorders. Bringing a woman to her normal psyche during pregnancy and lactation is complicated by the inability to take certain drugs at these stages.

The average age of a woman is related to the development of diseases and disorders such as anxiety disorders and mood swings. The risk of developing schizophrenia is increased. At this age, women can experience sexual dysfunction. When a woman uses antidepressant drugs, conditions arise for the development of side effects in the form of anxiety syndromes, depression and sexual dysfunction.

There is still no conclusive evidence that menopause is associated with the development of depression, however, a huge part of women during this period undergo severe changes in life, in particular in the family structure. Many women experience a change in importance in the social hierarchy – from active mothers of their grown children, they turn into nannies for older parents. The care and custody of elderly parents almost always falls on the shoulders of women, which jeopardizes the psyche of a woman.

In the process of natural aging of the body, representatives of the weaker sex increase the likelihood of developing senile dementia and psychiatric consequences, for example, stroke. Due to the fact that women, as a rule, live longer than the stronger sex, and the risk of dementia increases significantly with age, the psyche of a woman in old age is often susceptible to this disease. Women also have a high risk of developing psychotic disorder after sixty years. Among other things, due to emotionality, it can be more difficult for women to survive the loss of loved ones, which also has a negative effect on the psyche of a woman.

Amphetamine addiction

Posted on March 6, 2020  in Uncategorized

Amphetamines is a class of drugs that stimulate the central nervous system of a person and affect the ability to stay awake and increase the attention of the person who used this drug. Amphetamine was first synthesized in 1887. The chemical structure of this class of drugs resembles adrenaline and norepinephrine, which are produced in the human body. Amphetamine has become a popular and fairly common drug, due to its euphoric effects that discourage a person from sleeping, improves his health, reduces fatigue, increases stamina and others.

What does amphetamine look like and how is it used?

Amphetamine mimicking the effects of adrenaline can be sold in the form of tablets, white powder, or crystals. Drug addicts use many methods of its entry into the body: orally, intravenously, in the form of smoking or inhalation.

Amphetamine exposure

When using an amphetamine drug, it affects a person both mentally and physically. First of all, it causes a surge of energy and vitality in humans. The addict has a feeling of self-confidence, well-being, which can last up to twelve hours, after which a new desire arises to use the drug, which most often happens: people simply do not allow themselves to get out of the state of drug intoxication. 

Addiction and amphetamine addiction

Addicted to amphetamine, the addict quickly gets used to it. In order to recreate the sensations that he experienced while taking the drug, the addict has to increase the dose. In a short time, a psychological amphetamine addiction appears, the person himself no longer understands how the drug began to control all his thoughts, aimed only at where to get the money to get the next dose.

Along with psychological dependence, there is also a physical dependence on amphetamine, since its use allows you to feel a surge of strength, fatigue and weakness – the most basic consequences of taking the drug. Also, a drug addict can overcome sleep for a very long period of time. It becomes irritable, appetite increases significantly.

A very common occurrence among amphetamine lovers is depression. Some drug addicts may even be visited by the idea of ​​suicide, which disappears after taking the drug.

The amphetamine addiction cycle can stop only rehabilitation treatment.

Consequences of amphetamine use

As already mentioned, long-term administration of amphetamine preparations leads to a gradual increase in its doses in order to achieve the desired effect. Each time amphetamine increases the load on the heart, increases blood pressure. Therefore, the risk of strokes, heart attacks and the development of cardiovascular disease in drug addicts is significantly increased. Other effects of amphetamines include vision problems, dizziness, headaches, lack of appetite, irritability, and rapid breathing.  

The severe consequence of prolonged drug addiction is amphetamine psychosis, very similar to paranoid schizophrenia. This condition can develop even with short-term use of amphetamine in large doses, for example, from several days or more.