Noise in the head, which often appears, not only affects performance and mental abilities, but also signals health problems. You can not leave such a symptom unattended, the cause of its occurrence will help to determine the specialist.
What diseases cause noise in the head?
There are many reasons for noise in the head and ears. It can occur due to severe overwork, insomnia, neurosis, stress, after excessive physical exertion, against the background of fever, medication, as well as diseases and traumatic brain injuries.
At risk for tinnitus are city transport drivers, factory and airport workers, and musicians.
What causes noise in the head? It can become a symptom of the following diseases:
- neuritis of the auditory nerve, Meniere’s disease , otosclerosis, sensorineural hearing loss, otitis media, labyrinthitis and other pathologies of the auditory analyzer;
- osteochondrosis of the cervical region;
- brain tumors;
- atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension, stroke, heart failure, arrhythmia, vegetovascular dystonia, as well as other diseases of the heart and blood vessels that lead to deterioration of cerebral circulation;
- mental disorders;
- endocrine diseases.
Tinnitus or ringing in the ears and head, according to statistics, feels about 10-15% of the world’s population. The frequency of its occurrence increases with age, as the likelihood of developing vascular and other diseases increases.
Let us consider in more detail what causes noise in the ears and head.
The main symptom of a migraine is a severe headache that affects one side of the head. In addition to it, the patient has visual disturbances, ringing in the ears.
The appearance of tinnitus and hum in the head, dizziness, headache, which pulsates in the temporal or occipital region, may be associated with compression of blood vessels in the neck and impaired circulation of the auditory analyzer, which occurs with cervical osteochondrosis.
The cause of a strong noise in the head and a throbbing headache can be an aneurysm or thrombosis of the cerebral vessels. These are life-threatening pathologies, against which a stroke and intracranial hemorrhage occur.
The appearance of noise in the head due to increased pressure is associated with excessive filling of blood vessels. Other signs of hypertension include headache, dizziness, shortness of breath, and nausea. With strong pressure surges, there is a feeling of tingling in the region of the heart, bursting in the temples and fog in the head, vision deteriorates, flies appear before the eyes, a person may lose consciousness. In this case, you need to urgently call an ambulance.
In a hypertensive crisis, a person needs emergency medical care
Arterial hypertension is often accompanied by impaired cerebral circulation, which is why buzzing in the head occurs on an ongoing basis. If the pressure jumps often, it is necessary to undergo complex treatment. Otherwise, hypertension can provoke a heart attack or stroke, which are life-threatening.
The occurrence of headache and noise in the head in an adult in the morning, after getting out of bed, is a sure sign of increased intracranial pressure. Other characteristic symptoms of the disease:
- vegetovascular dystonia;
- fatigue, lethargy, decreased mental activity;
- dark circles under the eyes;
- hearing loss;
- increased sweating;
- impaired consciousness from stunning to coma (in severe cases).
Headache with increased intracranial pressure is bursting. It is aggravated by lying down, by coughing or sneezing. During the day, when the person is upright, the symptoms gradually subside as the pressure decreases.
Pathologies of the blood vessels of the brain often lead to the occurrence of a throbbing headache and noise in the head. The most common cause is atherosclerosis. Due to the accumulation of cholesterol plaques on the walls of blood vessels, their elasticity decreases. As a result, blood circulation is disturbed, a buzzing appears in the head, the patient hears something pulsating in the temples.
With age, there is a natural wear of the vessels of the brain and a decrease in the elasticity of their walls.
Pulsating noise occurs due to atherosclerotic narrowing, spasm of blood vessels. It is a sign of the passage of blood in a narrowed artery.
Endocrine disorders can adversely affect hearing. Noise or ringing in the head, ears – a symptom of hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism. Concomitant signs of thyroid disease: drowsiness or insomnia, weight gain or loss, nervousness, irritability, forgetfulness, heart palpitations.
The appearance of noise in the head and ringing in the ears is most often associated with vascular diseases. If it is accompanied by a feeling of pressure, fullness in the head, severe headache and dizziness, balance disorders, then it should be examined for the presence of tumor processes.
Often, noise in the ears and head is a sign of diseases and injuries of the auditory analyzer. The main reasons include:
- acute or chronic otitis media – inflammation of the middle ear;
- sensorineural hearing loss – hearing loss due to damage to various parts of the auditory analyzer;
- labyrinthitis – inflammation of the inner ear;
- neuritis of the auditory nerve – accompanied by a violation of the transmission of impulses from the labyrinth to the brain;
- otosclerosis – manifested by a violation of the mobility of the auditory ossicles in the middle ear;
- Meniere’s disease – increased fluid pressure in the inner ear;
- damage to the eardrum;
- acoustic neuroma – a benign neoplasm;
- age deafness.
In addition to ringing or humming, there is a feeling of congestion, fullness inside the ear, hearing problems, vestibular disorders, which include dizziness, nausea, and balance disorders.
The appearance of noise in the head and other sounds is sometimes associated with depression, neurasthenia and other disorders of the central nervous system. Diagnosis of these causes is difficult, since during the examination, organic disorders cannot be detected.
Less commonly, noise in the head occurs due to multiple sclerosis, diabetes, kidney disease, anemia.