Unpleasant sensations with VVD have different characteristics. A person can experience pressure surges, pain in the heart area, palpitations, anxiety, shortness of breath, fever, disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, restless sleep with VVD, etc. One of the manifestations of VVD is tinnitus. It may also indicate the development of another disease (otitis media or cervical osteochondrosis), therefore, it is subject to careful diagnosis. Information about what kind of pain during VVD bothers the patient will help the doctor to suspect the correct diagnosis, which confirms the examination.
Tinnitus and cephalgic syndrome
When a person with VVD is constantly ill, he is disturbed by tinnitus, heaviness in the head, headaches and dizziness, drowsiness, this may indicate a cephalgic syndrome. Ringing in the ears with VVD usually occurs after stress, overstrain, exposure to heat or cold, a sharp change in climate. Additionally, chills can join with VVD. What to do in such a situation? First of all, you need to contact a specialist. The therapist or family doctor will examine the patient and prescribe the required examinations. The task of the doctor is to identify the real cause of poor health and make an adequate treatment. If necessary, the doctor appoints a consultation with a narrow specialist (otolaryngologist, neurologist, cardiologist, etc.). If itching appears with VVD, then the help of a dermatologist may be required. This significant involvement of subspecialists helps to identify the underlying cause of a person’s ill health, rather than simply treating the symptoms.
Cephalgic syndrome often accompanies hyperventilation syndrome in VVD. Respiratory failure is manifested in case of aggravation of nervous tension and manifestations of anxiety. One of the most effective ways to eliminate unpleasant symptoms is relaxation. The patient needs to calm down, pull himself together, realize that what is happening does not pose a threat to his life. To reduce the manifestations of cephalgic syndrome with VVD help:
- self-massage of the head;
- breathing exercises;
- a warm shower on the cervical-occipital region (with high blood pressure) or a contrast shower (with low blood pressure).
Paroxysms and tinnitus with VVD
In 90% of cases, VSD is manifested by paroxysms, that is, the symptoms occur in the form of an attack. Any irritant (stress, fear, change of scenery, etc.) or an exacerbation of a chronic disease can become a trigger for paroxysm. The duration of an attack depends on many factors: its intensity, the general psychological state of a person, and environmental conditions. In some cases, to stop an attack, it is enough to remove the irritant and create comfortable conditions for the person in which he will feel safe.
VSD with paroxysms has the following manifestations:
- ringing and noise in the ears;
- violation of blood pressure;
- panic attack.
Noise in the ears and head, migraine most often occur with VVD with migraine paroxysms. The condition is usually preceded by nausea and dizziness. The attack begins against the background of complete well-being and can last from several minutes to several hours.
Tremor with VVD may accompany disruptions in blood pressure, pain in the heart, tachycardia. The presence of tremor is a sign of autonomic arousal. Additionally, the patient has severe sweating, palpitations, reddening of the face (people say “the face burns” with VVD).
A very unpleasant attack of VVD is a panic attack. A person develops shortness of breath, suffocation, dizziness, heartbeat quickens, there is a feeling of a hopeless situation, fear of death. Dilated pupils are noted with VVD.
This paroxysmal condition is characterized by an increase in the level of adrenaline in the blood, acetylcholine and norepinephrine. An excess of these substances is the cause of disruption of the vegetative system.
Such attacks provoke a person’s self-doubt and indecision in VVD. The inability to control the paroxysmal condition significantly worsens the quality of life. A person cannot attend the desired events and places, perform a certain type of activity due to fear of an attack. A person is constantly stressed, as a result of which a “vicious circle” is formed: stress provokes an attack, and an attack provokes stress. In some patients, against the background of paroxysmal conditions, depression develops, memory impairment occurs with VVD.
VSD with syncope (fainting) also refers to paroxysmal manifestations. This is a neurogenic type of VVD, the main role in the development of which is played by a sharp decrease in blood pressure. Short-term loss of consciousness is more often observed in young people who have increased emotional lability. Fainting occurs under the influence of a specific factor (uncomfortable environment, changes in ambient temperature, etc.). The attack is usually caused by the same factor, which is individual for each patient.
Often, before an attack, the patient lays his ears with VVD. Pre-syncope with VVD can also be accompanied by suffocation, palpitations, dizziness. Fainting is a particularly dangerous condition, as serious injury can occur during a fall. Therefore, VVD with this type of attack requires careful monitoring.
Insomnia and drowsiness in VVD are common clinical manifestations of nervous system dysfunction. Due to insomnia, a person becomes irritable, lethargic, and chronic fatigue develops. Swelling of the face with VVD can also be the result of insomnia.
There are the following main provoking factors of insomnia:
- change of time zones;
- some medicines.
Insomnia in VVD requires urgent treatment, since a prolonged lack of sleep and proper rest causes significant disruption of the organs and systems of the body. Insomnia can cause exhaustion of the body – a serious condition that is subject to complex treatment.
Lower back pain
The cause of back pain in VVD, in particular, in the lower back, is most often osteochondrosis of the lumbar region. A degenerative-dystrophic disease of the tissues of the spine disrupts the functioning of the nerve roots, which, in turn, begin to transmit incorrect signals to the peripheral nerve endings. Thus, osteochondrosis causes symptoms of VVD.
Back pain in osteochondrosis with a VVD clinic has the following manifestations:
- increased heart rate;
- numbness of the limbs;
- heartburn, nausea;
- lack of air (often accompanied by a cough with VVD).
Osteochondrosis can develop not only in the lumbar region, but also affect other areas of the spine: the thoracic and cervical regions. VSD and tension in the neck is a consequence of cervical osteochondrosis. Its other symptoms are headache, dizziness, memory impairment, constant fatigue.