Neither one thing disease not shrouded in so mysterious and mystical halo as schizophrenia . TO Unfortunately, this generates unimaginable quantity wild delusions . Well but we offer discover truth : first , it interesting as well secondly , speculation complicate a life themselves sick , interfere them socialize and make hesitate his diseases
Myth number 1. The main sign schizophrenia – splitting personalities
Title diseases translated as ” splitting of reason, “and behind by this not necessary worth it split exactly personality . Thats there is not everything schizophrenics hear vote or become receptacle for a few personalities .
it split can touch to example , emotions : man can hate anything throughout soul as well after 5 minutes change anger on mercy. Or mourn dead aquarium fish, but stay indifferent at of death close person.
But a mental glitch that divides a person’s personality into several is called a dysociative personality disorder and this is a completely different violation.
In the mind of a schizophrenic patient, logical connections are broken, so thoughts and ideas in the head easily coexist and contradict each other.
Myth number 2. Schizophrenia – rare disease
On really her sick about 1 % of the population that is not so and few. Take to example, hemophilia, which have of many on hearing. Her hemophilia most common A striking one of five 000 or even 10 000 men. AT case with schizophrenia on every 1 000 people have to about 5 cases diseases .
Myth number 3 People with schizophrenia is unpredictable, making them dangerous to society
Schizophrenics are NOT violent and generally safe. They predominantly indecisive and passive . it associated with mentioned above violations logical connections . To the patient to man complicated line up even short plan aggression .
Some schizophrenics have antisocial behavior, but it is normalized with using drugs
From schizophrenics can expect unpredictable action and outbreaks rage . But more often Total this associated with related disorders, in particular, deep mental injuries or abuse alcohol , drugs .
Myth number four. The most terrible at schizophrenia – hallucinations and rave
Yes, it is hallucinations and false conclusions (nonsense) most often cause strange human behavior and appeals to to a psychiatrist.
But hallucinations in our time is treated relatively easily due to the large selection of effective drugs – antipsychotics. The main problem for patients is symptoms that are called negative: a decrease in any activity, unwillingness to communicate, lack of emotion and vegetative disorders. because of of them to man complicated contact with people support friendship and to work .
Myth number five. Only schizophrenics hear vote
If you sometimes hear voices in head, it is normal, such auditory hallucinations are visited from five before 15 % of adults and maybe more since some don’t recognized in this because of the fear that their recognize crazy. Special often this it happens at overwork , stress and before waste to sleep.
Myth number 6 Schizophrenia – it is sentence on the whole a life
Of course, there people who disease completely knocks out of life, though on treatment but such minority . According to statistics, 25 % (but because it is very much) patients survive the first and only episode of psychosis, and then all life live without recurrence and them not even need to take medicine.
Other to patients have to sit on tablets, but but they can to count on remission long in decades and live ordinary life to do work and family .
Have third is always will be be observed lungs disorder that also especially not will be influence on quality of life .
Myth number 7 Schizophrenics are brilliant . AND in general, they at all not sick as well simply other
Helps whether schizophrenia in creativity ? Here can answer and yes and no. WITH one hand, and any disease , schizophrenia can reduce quality of life person ( but not always like we have understood of previous paragraph ).
WITH On the other hand, there really is a similarity between the thought processes of schizophrenic patients and creative people – at them in thalamus has few dopamine receptors, which reduces the degree of filtering of signals that come from thalamus to cerebral cortex. it can provoke flashes creativity .
Even if a this and so, schizophrenia – it is disease and as any disease her not need to romanticize.
Myth number eight. Schizophrenia quickly is progressing
The disease progresses slowly, and this is not immediately notice. The first signs often look quite innocent: difficulties in study and on work, problems with communication and concentration. Similar ” symptoms ” may notice y myself practically everybody . Then person can to begin hear voices as well rather , barely distinguishable whisper. Exactly on this stage disease it is better Total amenable to treatment .
Have small quantities the sick schizophrenia is progressing swiftly after first episode .
5 early signs of schizophrenia that are helpful to keep in mind
Let’s start with the main thing : schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder that requires special analysis before confirming or, on the contrary, refuting it. And because the list presented below, in no case should not be taken as the ultimate truth, but only as a way to see the changes happening to you or someone close to in time to ask for help.
Excluding the age factor, schizophrenia affects all population groups, regardless of gender, race, or social status . A mental disorder that is characterized by distorted thinking and perception usually begins between 16 and 30 years .
Although the exact cause of the disorder is unknown, it is generally accepted that genetic and environmental factors are most often the catalysts . Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent schizophrenia, but earlier treatment, psychiatrists agree, will have a positive effect on the patient’s condition in both the short and long term. Medical Daily talked about the five initial signs of schizophrenia that are important to keep in mind .
A person at risk may begin to avoid social interaction with family and friends, spending most of his time in isolation. Gradually, this affects the person’s schedule, so that he can also begin to miss training, work, or other social activities, even if nothing like that had been noticed before him. This also includes the loss of interest in things that previously did not leave a person indifferent – a hobby, favorite TV shows and delicious food .
Problems with personal hygiene are considered one of the earliest signs of depression and schizophrenia. This is because when this kind of mental disorders, even primitive and very easy from the point of view of a healthy person, is extremely difficult. Doctors say that everything usually begins with the fact that the patient begins to take a very slow bath, brush teeth or wash face, gradually increasing the intervals between these actions. This behavior is usually associated with internal factors, such as apathy, emotional burnout and self-oblivion, but may also depend on the degree of social exclusion.
Obsession with religion
Or – another option – mysticism, esoteric , supernatural . Medical literature has revealed a significant connection between religion and various aspects of schizophrenia. “Patients with schizophrenia are prone to religious extremes and hallucinations. In addition, there is some evidence that religion is related to the level of psychopathology, ”the authors write a review published in 2014 in Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine .
This connection, experts believe, is due to paranoia and an ever-increasing separation from reality. And while at the first stage a person can be only slightly removed from real life, with time he is able to completely immerse himself in thoughts of evil spirits, magical powers and mystical creatures.
Certain movements or expressions, usually involuntary, were observed in the early stages in almost all patients with schizophrenia. Among them: too active mimicry, twitching of the corners of the mouth, slow blinking. Here it is important to understand that if active facial expressions were always peculiar to a person, then there is no problem. Only those cases are important when this facial expression suddenly became more active than ever before. Other physical manifestations, to which experts advise to pay attention, are the decrease in motor skills, the need for constant external stimulation and twitching of the limbs, resembling a tremor.
Hallucinations in schizophrenics can affect any of the five senses, but auditory hallucinations are the most common. In particular, more than 70% of patients with diagnosed schizophrenia talked about hearing voices. Such violations, doctors add, can lead to confused thoughts, loss of concentration and memory problems. Another symptom associated with hallucinations is the discontinuity of thinking, when it seems to a person that not all the thoughts that are present in his head belong to him