Obsessive-compulsive disorders are chronic and extremely severe mental disorders, characterized by obsessive ideas, a state of obsession. The most common signs of obsessive-compulsive disorders are oppressive obsessive thoughts, constant fears and anxiety, an irresistible desire to regularly perform any specific actions, for example, wash hands, open and close cabinets.
Timely diagnosis, an understanding of the severity of the disorder and the need for specialized treatment are fundamental factors for a favorable outcome.
Obsessive-compulsive disorders can affect any gender. However, in the case of women, these mental disorders appear at an older age, and in men a little earlier. In addition, the relatives of a person suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorders, the risk of similar pathologies increases.
Clinical signs of the disorder are exacerbated in women during gestation and in the postpartum period. Anxiety and fears intensify, a woman cannot find a place for herself, cannot be distracted from obsessions.
Most common obsessions:
– Uncontrolled fear of infections and dirt;
– alarms about whether the gas is off or the lights are off;
– painful accuracy when it becomes unbearably even thinking that the thing is not in place;
– fears due to fears of harming others or oneself;
– unreasonable anger or cruelty;
– doubts arising without reason in their own morality, honesty, etc .;
– the requirement for others to confirm their significance every minute;
– Too much concentration on sounds, words, numbers or symbols.
In this case, the response of the body to such obsessions can be:
– constant washing of hands;
– constant return home to check that everything is off;
– strict observance of all hygiene rules, compliance with an impeccable order, laying out things in a specific order;
– constant attempts to attract the attention of others;
– pathological collection of waste rubbish;
– repeated reproduction of phrases or words in the mind;
– the regular implementation of specific identical actions, for example, touching the door handle in a strictly defined place.
Reliably the causes of these mental disorders are still unknown. However, on the basis of work on this topic, it can be assumed that obsessive-compulsive disorders result from a combination of several factors, including:
– genetic heredity. Genes that “travel” from one generation to another affect the mental state of a person, if among his relatives there were cases of obsessive-compulsive disorders. Heredity is all the stronger the earlier it began to appear among relatives. If one of the twins suffers from these violations, then the second they most likely will also appear.
– disturbing and restless violations. People who are constantly experiencing anxiety, excitement and fear are much more susceptible to the development of obsessive-compulsive disorders. Such people may suffer from depression, digestive disorders, drug or alcohol addiction, attention disorder. In addition, the development of obsessive-compulsive disorders can be affected by streptococcal infections.
– reduced concentration of serotonin, responsible for the transmission of nerve impulses between nerve cells. This violation can destroy the normal course of biological processes, including mood, sleep, appetite, and emotional control. And also anger, anger and pain.