VSD and menstruation

In Russia and the CIS countries, doctors still diagnose vegetative-vascular dystonia. Meanwhile, international medicine believes that such a disease does not exist, does not exist. With this term, doctors designate a complex of syndromes indicating a violation in the work of the autonomic nervous system.

Typically, such problems arise in women against the background of hormonal instability caused by the peculiarities of the cycle. In this case, the main symptoms of VSD before or with the onset of menstruation are intensified due to fluctuations in the hormonal background. This makes life much more difficult. 

Causes of exacerbation of manifestations

The main factor in the development of a vegetative crisis on certain days of the cycle is a violation of the hormonal background.

As a rule, in girls prone to the disease, critical days are irregular. This, in turn, indicates an imbalance in hormones and requires additional treatment.

It is worth remembering about such a feature of the female body as PMS, which has the same symptoms as with VSD. However, these two states should not be equated, since they basically have different mechanisms of development.

Not only patients with hormonal problems are prone to VSD attacks. In certain periods of life, the parts of the brain responsible for the perception of the level of estrogen, progesterone and androgen distort the information received, which leads to the appearance of unpleasant symptoms.

Most susceptible to such phenomena:

  • adolescent girls during the formation of the cycle;
  • pregnant women, only survivors of this condition or women who have had an abortion;
  • girls with severe underweight.

To identify the cause of the painful condition, it is necessary to pass a number of tests.

Symptoms of exacerbation of VSD before menstruation

A few days before the onset of critical days, an exacerbation of the VSD, which has symptoms similar to PMS, is possible.

This happens for a number of reasons:

  • stressful condition;
  • sharp changes in the weather in the presence of vascular pathology;
  • chronic fatigue;
  • excessive physical activity;
  • constant emotional tension, nervousness.

A negative reaction to the weather can develop at any age. The risk is high in people with low or naturally high blood pressure and a sedentary lifestyle.

The main manifestations of the syndrome in the period before menstruation include:

  • headache;
  • disorders of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • nausea without vomiting;
  • dizziness, bouts of weakness;
  • depression, bad mood;
  • changes in mood, irritability, aggressiveness.

The manifestation of only one or two signs is possible. But it happens that they appear in a complex manner, reducing the quality of a girl’s life on regular days.

During menstruation

During the onset of critical days, the symptoms of vascular dystonia, characteristic of the patient, intensify. The reason is the same: hormonal fluctuations in the body.

The onset of a vegetative crisis during menstruation cannot be ruled out.

Typical manifestations are:

  • decreased performance, both physical and intellectual;
  • an increase in problems with the psychological state: depressive states, neuroses, outbursts of unmotivated aggression, hysteria, panic attacks; 
  • sleep disorders, two conditions are characteristic: the girl suffers from insomnia or constantly feels sleepy, sleeps 10 hours a day;
  • headache;
  • problems with the digestive tract.

It should be borne in mind that symptoms inherent in menstruation are added to the above symptoms. Namely: cramps in the lower abdomen, painful sensations in the area of ​​the mammary glands.

So the well-being of women on these days of the month can hardly be called satisfactory.

Not everyone thinks about the pathological nature of such manifestations, attributing them to the characteristics of the organism. However, such a difficult course of critical days is a clear sign of an imbalance in the autonomic nervous system, requiring correction and full treatment.

Treatment

When contacting a gynecologist with complaints of poor health during menstruation and clear signs of VSD, the girls are sent for examination in order to establish the cause of the pathology.

First, they check the state of the hormonal balance in the body, and then find out the features of the functions of other body systems.

After excluding possible diseases, vegetative vascular dystonia is diagnosed and complex treatment is prescribed, based on the individual characteristics of the patient.

Common methods of treating VSD are:

  • exercise therapy complexes specially selected for each woman;
  • therapeutic massage sessions;
  • bioresonance therapy;
  • transcranial magnetic stimulation;
  • the use of special breathing exercises;
  • regular long walks in the fresh air;
  • the use of drugs to stabilize blood pressure;
  • taking multivitamin complexes;
  • a healthy diet for the brain;
  • sleep at least 8 hours a day.

During critical days, it is necessary to avoid physical exertion and stress, which negatively affect a woman’s health.

Prophylaxis

Regular use of preventive measures will not only help reduce the level of discomfort with PMS. But even after the course of treatment, it will not allow the VSD to develop again.

As a preventive measure, it is recommended:

  • revise the diet, excluding from it energy drinks, smoked foods, alcohol, nicotine;
  • normalize diet – malnutrition is just as dangerous as overeating;
  • if possible, avoid stress, emotional stress during critical days;
  • maintain minimal physical activity – a simple workout once a week will have a positive effect on women’s health;
  • regularly undergo examination in a medical institution to identify abnormalities in the work of the body;
  • reduce the impact of bad ecology on the body.

When studying the characteristics of a woman’s health, doctors can offer specific approaches to prevention that are effective for a particular patient.

The back of the head hurts: a description of the symptoms and treatment

Pain in the back of the head is an extremely unpleasant feeling. Which, however, should not be drowned out with the usual analgesics. Especially when the pain occurs systematically. 

In this part of the head, in the back of the head, are the elements of the vasculature of the brain, nerve endings, muscles, ligaments. Therefore, the causes of persistent headaches in the back of the head are extremely varied and serious.

The use of painkillers, self-medication with folk remedies, or just an attempt to endure, can lead to serious pathology. And in some cases – to disability. For example, if the cause lies in a severe infection.

Headache in the back of the head differs depending on the reasons and requires an individual approach to treatment, therefore it is extremely important to seek help from the clinic when various symptoms appear, regular painful sensations in this area.

Types of headaches

In Depending on the pathology which developed different and sensations that appear in the back of the head.  

It is possible to figure out why the back of the head hurts a lot, what this means, when the patient undergoes minimal examinations. Because different types of painful sensations are often combined with other symptoms.

Sometimes manifestations speak of specific problems that have arisen:

  1. Constant cephalalgia that stops only for a short period of time signals the development of cervical osteochondrosis. It is often also a manifestation of circulatory ill health. But even less serious reasons become the reason for feeling unwell: regular severe stress, depression, improper sleep patterns. 
  1. A severe attack of pain syndrome may indicate severe intoxication, gross violations of normal blood circulation. This is how tumors, infectious diseases of the brain and its membranes manifest themselves. Or a hypertensive crisis.
  2. Lumbago and a feeling of crunching when moving the head are a manifestation of problems with the musculoskeletal system. Depending on the focus of pain and specific sensations, it is possible to determine osteochondrosis, spondylosis, myositis, or other abnormalities.
  3. In combination with a feeling of nausea, there may be a sharp increase or decrease in blood pressure, intoxication. Each of the types of deviation has a number of additional symptoms. A painful condition can indicate both the development of a serious illness and physical or psychological fatigue, uncomfortable weather conditions for a person. 

Pulsating twitching, passing from the back of the head to the area of ​​the temples, may indicate the development of serious diseases: hypertensive crisis, a sharp increase in intracranial pressure. If one half of the head is affected , migraines. But also such unpleasant sensations, less pronounced, indicate the excessive use of caffeinated drinks or an inappropriate pillow, an uncomfortable posture during sleep. 

  1. Severe pressing, turning into dull, headache occurs, as a rule, against the background of an increase in blood pressure and requires immediate treatment [3]. If you feel like this, you need to measure the pressure, take a normalizing drug and lie down. 

Causes of pain in the occipital region of the head

Pain in the back of the head is often misunderstood as a neck problem. And, to eliminate pain, massage and medications are used to address problems with this part of the spine. Which is often a dangerous mistake.

Treatment should begin only after diagnosis, because the causes of a strong pressing or dull headache in the back of the head can be diseases of various etiologies.

Hypertonic disease

Blood pressure rises sharply or gradually, causing a complex of unpleasant symptoms.

In parallel with pain in the back of the head, there are:

  1. nausea, in severe cases, turning into vomiting;
  2. tearfulness;
  3. destruction of capillaries in the eyes;
  4. dizziness;
  5. pallor or vice versa – redness of the face, neck.

Many different factors are capable of provoking a crisis of hypertension. From harmless and easily corrected, such as stress, to manifestations of heredity or developed heart pathologies.

When the first symptoms appear, you need to measure your blood pressure, take a special medicine and spend some time at rest. Without the necessary medical care in case of hypertension, a hemorrhagic stroke can develop – a cerebral hemorrhage. 

Increased intracranial pressure

This is a dangerous condition, which can be caused by both ordinary things, like strong coffee, too loud sounds or a stressful condition, as well as serious infectious diseases, head injuries.

Additional signals of a problem are:

  • pain in the eyes, feeling of sand;
  • vomit;
  • dizziness;
  • nose bleed;
  • destruction of capillaries in the eyelids and eyeballs.

The condition is dangerous and requires seeking medical attention.

Migraine

Painful attacks, concentrated in one particular part of the head, often hurt in the region of the crown or occiput. They can last for several hours, and in difficult cases – a day or more. 

The cause of the disease is a genetic predisposition, traumatic brain injury. In women, cephalalgia is caused by regular fluctuations in hormonal levels and other factors.  

In this case, the immediate onset of an attack and its intensification is provoked by an external influence – a trigger. For a person prone to migraines, the following are dangerous: loud music, flickering of light, excessive passion for coffee, smoking, alcoholic beverages, stressful situations. 

Additional symptoms of the disease are:

  1. severe dizziness.
  2. nausea, periodically turning into vomiting;
  3. throbbing pain concentrated in a specific area of ​​the skull;
  4. weakness, significant decrease in performance;
  5. intolerance to light, eyes burn, increased lacrimation begins, sometimes – from one eye, from the sore side of the head.

Long-term migraine attacks can be extremely hazardous to health [5]. Therefore, in the event of migraine cephalalgias, it is recommended to consult a doctor for the selection of effective drugs. 

Cervical osteochondrosis

Often, the reason that the back of the head, neck hurts, are problems with the spine, which require special treatment.

Problems with the cervical region, the muscles located there, in principle, are often manifested by pain in the back of the head. The most common cause is osteochondrosis or inflammation of the cartilaginous structures of the spine.

Posture disorders and a sedentary lifestyle are considered the main reasons. The disease is manifested by aching, often alternating with severe pain in the occipital part of the head, passing into the neck, sudden attacks occur with unsuccessful movements, head turns. Additional symptoms are deterioration of vision, concentration, attention, periodic dizziness without falling. 

Myogelosis of the neck

Under the influence of external factors, muscle tissue becomes denser and more inactive.

This leads to clamping of nerve endings, blood vessels and subsequent oxygen starvation of the brain.

Unpleasant sensations begin in the neck, gradually spreading to the back of the head.

Typical symptoms, in addition to attacks of pain that occur during movement, are dense formations, which are felt along the cervical spine (spasmodic muscles) and dizziness.

The development of pathology can be provoked by:

  • excessive physical activity;
  • exposure to cold;
  • minor injuries;
  • prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position, in which the cervical muscles “numb”.

Complicating factors are excess weight, low physical activity.

Diagnostics

The only correct answer to the question: “What to do if the back of the head and the back of the head hurt?” – this is an appeal to a doctor to find out the exact reason.

Depending on the original problem, the factors that provoked it and the proposed treatment options, you will be referred to a specialized doctor. But initially it is worth contacting a therapist, this will eliminate the influence of external circumstances, such as hypertension.

At the reception of a patient with a complaint of pain in the back of the head, the doctor, before prescribing treatment, conducts a thorough diagnosis:

  • Examination, questioning and collection of anamnesis. It is important to track all the symptoms that appear. Including those that the patient himself does not associate with a painful condition. In parallel, the presence of chronic diseases and a possible hereditary factor is being clarified. 
  • An ECG is performed, the features of the heart and the state of the circulatory system are determined.
  • After excluding the possibility of temporary exposure to external circumstances, instrumental examinations are prescribed: X-ray examination, MRI, CT. Based on the results, the state of the brain tissues and blood vessels will become clear. If there are pinched nerves or degenerative processes in the muscles, spine, they will be found.
  • Additionally, blood tests are performed to exclude infection or other related problems.

Based on the results of the research, the doctor determines what caused a sharp severe headache in the back of the head. If necessary, prescribes a referral to a doctor of the appropriate specialization.

Treatment

After the reasons for the pain in the back of the head are determined, the attending physician will understand what to do to relieve the condition. And he will make a plan for restorative therapy.

Treatment is prescribed strictly individually, depending on the root cause of the onset of symptoms.

Pain that occurs in the occipital region is treated with medication or physiotherapy.

As a rule, drugs of such groups are prescribed:

  • medicines that lower or increase blood pressure;
  • means for strengthening blood vessels and improving blood circulation;
  • pain relievers (analgesics);
  • chondroprotectors that normalize the condition of the cartilage of the spine;
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

In some cases, when regular unpleasant sensations are provoked by constant stress and nervous exhaustion, the attending physician resorts to therapy with sedatives of a weak effect.

For the treatment of migraines, monoclonal antibodies are used, an innovative therapy method.

Also, with some types of the disease, physiotherapy and vortex field procedures are used to eliminate pain in the back of the head . However, it is possible to use massages and other influences only as directed by a doctor. 

Symptoms of VSD at night

Most of the manifestations of vegetative vascular dystonia affect the work of the cardiovascular system of the body, although the syndrome is not directly related to it.

Disorder of autonomic regulation manifests itself in a variety of symptoms. Including – similar to serious diseases, which increases the risk of a state of panic attack.

Attacks of VSD occurring in the evenings and at night are considered to require attention. The danger is that the patient cannot feel the first impending signs. He fails to react by taking the medicine. In addition, the likelihood of providing the necessary assistance on time is reduced.

The reasons for the development of seizures

Nocturnal manifestations of vegetative-vascular dystonia are perceived as dangerous and strong. Since in the daytime a person is able to protect himself from nervous tension, prevent the deterioration of his condition.

At night, the imbalance of autonomic regulation does not meet with resistance, manifesting itself in painful nightmares, tachycardia, inability to breathe deeply.

The reasons for the development of nocturnal VSD are varied:

  1. Genetic predisposition. It is transmitted from close relatives or formed in the early period of development of the vegetative system.
  1. Injuries to the skull, cervical spine. The danger of such a factor is that it is impossible to predict in advance when it will manifest itself. Sometimes the consequences of an old injury lead to disturbances in the work of the autonomic system after 3-5-7 years.
  2. Phenomena of osteochondrosis of the spine. 
  1. Regular strong emotional experiences, stress.
  2. An event traumatizing the psyche: death or serious illness of a loved one, quarrels.
  3. Depression, blues.
  4. A radical change in living conditions: work, climate, time zone.
  5. Change in hormonal levels. Typical for women during menstruation, pregnancy, menopause. 

Sometimes a person does not even realize how tired or nervous they are due to an event. In this case, attacks of VSD symptoms occur late in the evening or at night.

It is far from always possible to quickly identify the cause of the development of the syndrome.

Types of seizures

Depending on the symptoms manifested, nocturnal vascular dystonia manifests itself in different ways.

Doctors identify four common types of seizures with their characteristic features:

  • Antihypertensive option. Blood pressure (BP) drops significantly, there is dizziness, a feeling of weakness, headache in the temples.
  • Hypertensive type. Blood pressure rises to a dangerous level, a headache develops, and the heartbeat accelerates. Any movement seems difficult, muscle fatigue develops quickly.
  • Tachycardial option. Heart rhythm disorders. The frequency of heart beats increases more than 90 per minute, arrhythmia appears.
  • Cardiovascular, similar to coronary artery disease. There is a feeling of pain in the chest, in the region of the heart. At the same time, the rhythm changes, often accelerates. 

Often, the symptoms of a nocturnal attack of the VSD are manifested in a complex manner. The patient not only feels how the heart begins to beat faster, but cannot breathe deeply. Simultaneously with physical sensations, a feeling of fear appears, in the worst case, it seems to a person that he is about to die.

It is impossible to predict what symptoms and with what severity will be noted in a particular patient.

How does a nighttime VSD attack proceed?

Attacks of VSD, which occur in the evenings and at night, differ in a variety of symptoms. Their manifestations are influenced by the peculiarities of the work of the vegetative system of a particular person and the reasons that caused dysregulation.

As a rule, the following symptoms are observed before going to bed or upon sudden awakening:

  1. Pain or burning sensation in the region of the heart.
  2. A sharp change in the level of blood pressure. Both decrease and increase are dangerous. 
  3. Hands and feet are very cold, numb.
  4. The head is dizzy or in great pain.
  1. Breathing becomes shallow. It is impossible to breathe in deeply. In this case, there is often a feeling of chest tightness.
  2. In a calm state without physical activity, the heartbeat sharply increases.
  3. Involuntary urination is possible.
  4. There is a sudden attack of fear, it seems to the person that he is dying. Can escalate into a panic attack. 
  5. Depression intensifies, there is a risk of suicidal thoughts.

The variety of symptoms is explained by the action of the autonomic system on the body.

She is responsible for the work of almost all vital systems (heart, digestion). Therefore, its instability can affect the work of any organ.

Are attacks at night dangerous?

By themselves, seizures are not dangerous and will not harm the body. However, they are the cause of frequently interrupted night sleep. And they can lead to other consequences. 

Due to the fear of a VSD crisis, a person gradually develops insomnia. This makes him lethargic, constantly tired, intensifies neurosis, depressive state. And vice versa: sleep disorders are one of the typical causes of the development of VVD seizures in adults. 

Thus, a vicious circle is formed: the symptoms of autonomic dysregulation cause fear and do not allow you to sleep. And regular lack of sleep increases the frequency and severity of symptoms.

If you are unable to cope with the situation on your own, consult a doctor.

First aid and treatment

It is not difficult to protect yourself from the manifestations of night VSD. It is necessary, with the harbingers of an approaching attack, to take a sedative on a natural basis or a tranquilizer.

Prescribing drugs for “ambulance” should be a qualified doctor after the examination. So that they really help, and not aggravate the situation.

Seizure suppression will not solve the problem. To do this, you need to undergo a course of complex treatment, which the doctor can prescribe after examining the body.

Complex therapy includes non-drug methods of the first stage. And medication, playing a supporting role.

With this syndrome, drugs only weaken the manifestations of the disease, but do not eliminate it.

For effective treatment of nocturnal vegetative-vascular dystonia, the following are prescribed:

  • massages;
  • transcranial magnetic stimulation;
  • reflexology;
  • peripheral magnetic stimulation;
  • Exercise therapy – exercise therapy;
  • classes with a psychologist;
  • changing the regime of the day;
  • a healthy diet;
  • drugs that help calm the nervous system: antidepressants, sedatives, tranquilizers.

In the presence of nocturnal attacks of VSD, a visit to a doctor is a necessity. Since over time, real problems of the cardiovascular system may develop with similar symptoms.

Cold hands with VSD

Constantly freezing hands and feet are a common symptom of VSD, a pathology that negatively affects the work of the cardiovascular system. But besides this, not a life-threatening syndrome, certain serious pathologies manifest themselves in a similar way.

The symptom of cold, freezing hands cannot be ignored. It applies to all people for whom it is generally not typical and arose recently, against a background of health.

If you have known about the diagnosis of VSD for a long time, but cold hands and feet have recently begun to become under stress or after heavy physical exertion, contact your doctor. Additional examination and revision of the therapy algorithm is needed: this sign indicates a worsening of the patient’s condition.

Causes of the pathological condition

Thermoregulation problems arise due to excessive tone, vasospasm of the skin vessels.

Under the influence of internal or external factors, capillaries and small vessels are narrowed, making it difficult for warm blood to flow to the surface of the body, nerve endings. Because of this, there is a feeling that hands and feet are freezing even in the hottest weather.

This is due to a variety of factors. But in the absence of pathology of the cardiovascular system, VSD crises become the main reasons . 

Crisis can be provoked by:

  1. severe sudden stress;
  2. prolonged depression;
  3. physical, intellectual, psychological overwork;
  4. a sharp decrease in blood pressure;
  5. hypothermia or overheating;
  6. passive lifestyle.

It is not so difficult to distinguish the hands and feet that are cold during VSD or because of the external temperature: you need to warm your hands. If the problem with thermoregulation is based on vascular pathology, then gloves and mittens will not help to keep warm.

Violates the regulation of vascular tone hypodynamia. The lack of physical activity enhances the body’s negative reactions to any stimuli – stress, air temperature.

Ways to warm hands and feet with VSD

The main remedy for such an unpleasant symptom is complex treatment and physical fitness. At least with the help of daily walks 1-3 kilometers long.

There are other ways to keep warm, improve circulation, and get rid of most of the accompanying VSD symptoms:

  • Alternate periods of physical inactivity with exercise, muscle development exercises. A little massage on frozen hands and feet, a few simple physical exercises, will keep you warm as warm as a heater.
  • Drink the right amount of fluids each day to maintain normal circulation.
  • Morning contrast shower removes cold sensations for 2-6 hours. The procedure trains the vascular tone control system, stabilizes it. People who regularly practice such water procedures are less likely to suffer from attacks of VSD. They react more easily to changing weather. A contrast shower is a good way to reduce your weather sensitivity.
  • If you need to spend a long time in a sitting position, choose a position in which the vessels of the lower extremities and veins are not pinched. A leg thrown over the other leg worsens the permeability of the vessels, the more if you stay in this position for a long time.
  • Try to avoid stressful situations. If it is impossible to rearrange your life to avoid them, learn to counteract them. This will be helped by drugs prescribed by a doctor and regular sessions with a psychologist, who will teach you how to react to situations that cause severe anxiety without harming the nerves.
  • Work with a psychologist for phobias, if any. Against the background of exacerbation of VSD, fears become active and intensify negative symptoms.

Do not try to keep warm with tea or coffee in large quantities. The effect achieved will be temporary, as both drinks have a diuretic effect. Subsequently, this can lead to dehydration, thickening of the blood and eventually worsening symptoms.

Temper your legs and arms with contrasting water treatments.

In no case should alcohol be used as a remedy for a symptom. It gives only a temporary effect, and itself is the cause of dystonia, due to which the hands and feet freeze with VSD.

Treatment

Cold hands and feet with VSD are one of the spectrum of symptoms typical for people with this syndrome. Often combined with numbness of the limbs. 

We do not notice most of the signs, we attribute them to the mood, the influence of the weather. In fact, even a slight feeling of freezing, if it occurs regularly, is a reason to consult a doctor. A comprehensive examination will be required to confirm the presence of vegetative vascular dystonia and exclude another pathology with similar symptoms. 

Before diagnosing and prescribing therapy, the doctor not only finds out the symptoms, collects anamnesis and tries to establish the cause of poor health, but also prescribes instrumental examinations, consultations with doctors of related specialties.

The feeling of coldness in the limbs is not only with vegetative dystonia.

This can be a symptom of diabetes, thyroid pathology.

Such diseases must be ruled out.

After the final diagnosis is made, complex therapy is prescribed. The scheme includes non-drug methods of treatment and medication, if necessary.

Medication approach

In difficult cases, consultations with a psychologist and medications are beneficial:

  • nootropics, tranquilizers, allowing you to quickly calm down in a stressful situation, to level the sleep pattern;
  • antidepressants;
  • drugs that stabilize the work of the cardiovascular system;
  • multivitamin complexes, additional useful substances, depending on the results of blood tests.

Non-drug approaches

Regular light physical activity is an important condition for improving your well-being. You can take long walks in the fresh air, ride a bicycle, roller skates, scooter (not electric), swim in the pool.

The following procedures are considered effective from a therapeutic point of view:

  • transcranial magnetic stimulation;
  • peripheral magnetic stimulation;
  • bioresonance therapy;
  • massages;
  • reflexology;
  • special complexes of exercise therapy;
  • Spa treatment.

The patient is advised to reconsider the lifestyle. Give up bad habits, as smoking has been proven to cause this symptom. You also need to change the principles of daily nutrition.

Sports that require physical activity should be abandoned.

Vegetovascular dystonia is a chronic disease. To prevent attacks from returning again, you need to regularly take preventive measures throughout your life. And regularly undergo recommended examinations, courses of preventive therapy.

Pressure surges during VSD

Vegetovascular dystonia is a syndrome of disorders of the nervous regulation of internal organs. Distributed among adults and children. One of the most frequent and at the same time dangerous symptoms of VSD, are jumps in blood pressure from high to low.

Because of the unpredictability of seizures, it is difficult to establish an initially normal BP level in people with this disorder. Accordingly, it is impossible to maintain the desired indicators.

At the very beginning of the pathology, instability occurs in a stressful situation. Over time, such phenomena cease to be attached to external influences and arise for no obvious reason. In the absence of treatment or against the background of self-medication, there is a threat of serious cardiovascular diseases.

Low pressure

Vegetovascular dystonia and pressure go hand in hand, since the vegetative regulates the activity of the heart and blood vessels. 

A sudden decrease in vascular tone at the time of emotional experiences is one of the signs of a hypotonic type of VSD. For others, this is a swoon. 

Hypotension can be triggered by:

  1. hormonal instability, typical for women;
  2. strong feelings;
  3. excessive physical and emotional stress;
  4. lack of sleep;
  5. severe stress.

Simultaneously with the change in blood pressure, other symptoms appear:

  1. nausea, dizziness;
  2. Strong headache;
  3. blurred vision;
  4. pain in the region of the heart;
  5. light-headedness, fainting;
  6. numbness of the limbs, feeling of cold;
  7. feeling short of breath;
  8. inability to focus on the task at hand.

If at least one of the symptoms described appears, you need to measure your blood pressure. And take measures to improve your well-being, as there is a risk of fainting and serious injury.

If a seizure breaks out while driving, it is good practice to park and wait.

Increased pressure with VSD

Slightly high or very high blood pressure with vegetative vascular dystonia (VVD) is one of the typical signs of a crisis.  

This is how one of the most common types of autonomic disorders manifests itself – hypertensive. Leaving it unattended or trying to treat it yourself is dangerous. Because over time, it transforms into high-grade hypertension and can lead to stroke or myocardial infarction.

For the hypertensive type of vegetative vascular dystonia, symptoms are characteristic:

  1. darkening in the eyes, flies;
  2. dizziness;
  3. headaches, mainly in the occipital region;
  4. hyperhidrosis – throws into sweat;
  1. memory impairment;
  2. insomnia or excessive sleepiness;
  3. irritability, unmotivated aggression;
  4. depression;
  5. impaired coordination of movements.

It is noticeable that both variants of dystonia described above have common symptoms: weakness, dizziness, memory problems, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to measure the pressure at the time of the attack, enter the readings in a special diary. The best thing is to control blood pressure yourself, twice a day.

Initially manifested only in moments of severe stress, over time, pressure surges are transformed into an independent pathology.

Mixed type

Alarming, since in one day the patient can experience surges in blood pressure with dysfunction of the VSD, both upward and downward.

Swing blood pressure is not only detrimental to the physical condition of the body. They interfere with the selection of drugs to stabilize the indicators.

Treated mixed disorder is not easy. Since in order to choose a therapy, it is necessary to correctly establish the type of pathology.  

Diagnostics

Whether the VSD in this case has anything to do with high or low blood pressure, why specifically it rises, the doctor understands after a series of studies.

One visit to the doctor will not work. The patient will need a comprehensive examination of the body and consultations with specialized specialists: cardiologist, neurologist, psychologist, endocrinologist.

At the first examination, the doctor will try to diagnose the cause of the painful condition. In parallel, he will prescribe tests and procedures: 

  • Blood and urine tests. Interested in the level of hormones in women if the onset of VSD coincided with pregnancy, puberty or the onset of menopause.
  • Consultation with specialist specialists based on initial symptoms and complaints.
  • Study of the state of blood vessels, heart, brain.
  • Consultation with a psychologist.

Instrumental techniques provide valuable information: CT and MRI of the brain, neck vessels. An ultrasound of the heart is shown. For selected patients, Holter monitoring. 

After research, excluding possible diseases and pathologies, the doctor will be able to deliver vegetative vascular dystonia of the appropriate type. Although such a diagnosis cannot be found in ICD-10, therapeutic measures need to be taken. The goal of therapy is to get rid of pressure surges and the syndrome in general. 

Treatment

VSD refers to disorders caused by psycho-emotional instability. Therefore, getting rid of its symptoms with conventional drugs for hypertension will not work.

First, sedatives are used, and only after the cause of poor health has been completely eliminated, they move on to getting rid of the consequences of sudden changes in pressure, stabilizing it at average values.

Therefore, an algorithm is drawn up for complex treatment of VSD, taking into account the characteristics of a particular patient. This is necessary to get rid of the cause, and not just the consequences in the form of pressure surges. 

To strengthen and stabilize the autonomic nervous system, both drug and non-drug therapy are used.

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Effective means are:

  • Psychotherapy, which allows you to accurately identify the cause of the development of pathology, get rid of it, learn to respond to stress, rebuild your attitude to the world and yourself.
  • Bioresonance therapy affecting the human electromagnetic field.
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation and peripheral. 
  • Acupuncture, acupressure.
  • Massages of the cervical, collar zone. 
  • Special complexes of exercise therapy.
  • Physical activity, doing light sports that do not require serious physical exertion: running, swimming, cycling.
  • Improvement of nutrition.
  • Refusal from bad habits: cigarettes, alcohol, overeating.

If necessary, medications are used to improve the functioning of the nervous system, relieve stress:

  • antidepressants.
  • nootropics.
  • tranquilizers.
  • means for improving the condition of the cardiovascular system.

After recovery and stabilization of the numbers on the tonometer, you need to regularly engage in prophylaxis.

Depression – acute neurosis, diagnosis, treatment

Depression (lat. Depressio – “depression”) is a psychological syndrome characterized by oppression of the main psychological processes, the formation of an anxiety dominant, a chronic feeling of melancholy, apathy, headaches    

For a quarter of a century, our clinic has provided comprehensive diagnostics and introduced the principles of drug-free therapy for depression and neuroses in their various forms and manifestations. In the USA and Canada, similar to our technologies for combating depression using transcranial magnetic stimulation of the brain entered clinical practice only after 2010.

A common feature of depression is the loss of a sense of life satisfaction. A person with such an attitude constantly feels a sense of guilt, no matter what, avoids other people. Against the background of such a neurosis, emotions and feelings are dulled, the processes of higher nervous activity are inhibited, the social component suffers.

Sad statistics

The prevalence of depression is so great that neurologists have been claiming the beginning of a pandemic of this neurosis since the end of the 20th century. According to statistics, in the United States alone, about 7-9% of working-age people experience bouts of depression every year, and by 2020 it is expected to become the leader among all mental disorders in the world. This means that neurosis also has a negative economic impact.

Manifestations

The main symptoms of depression have been known since antiquity, when it was called melancholy or spleen. As an independent pathology, this neurosis was identified by Z. Freud, who clearly separated it from the typical feeling of grief, pointing out that during such an illness a person directs his own negative experiences against himself.

Most often, this neurosis develops after prolonged or intense experiences. Grief begins to be perceived as irreparable, it seems to the patient that nothing is already capable of improving the situation for the better. In addition to psychological changes, depression leads to other disorders of the body: it reduces the content of the neurotransmitters serotonin, norepinephrine. In this case, memory, thinking, and other functions of the brain are impaired. At a certain stage, the process can become irreversible, significantly complicating the treatment.

Diagnostics

To diagnose depression, the doctor must identify at least two main, two additional signs in the patient:

The main

Additional

Depression of the emotional background in any conditions.

Anhedonia – loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities.

Pessimistic attitude.

Low self-esteem.

Constant tiredness, fatigue.

Suicidal tendencies, neuroses.

Difficulty concentrating, making decisions.

Increased or decreased appetite, fluctuations in body weight.

Inability to fall asleep or vice versa – excessive sleepiness.

Depression in children, which is less common, is characterized by a different symptomatology:

  • lack of appetite;
  • nightmares;
  • decreased learning ability;
  • character violations: seclusion, resentment, unmotivated aggression;
  • in adolescence – alcoholism or drug addiction as a consequence of depression.

Treatment

Antidepressants considered a panacea. As statistics show, such drugs do not work on 40% of patients. At the same time, they smooth out the symptoms, causing addiction, but not eliminating the disease by 100%. Modern drugs, of which fluoxetine (Prozac) is considered to be a representative, work only for severe symptoms. But their effect is often indistinguishable from placebo.

In addition, these drugs are not without side effects, for example, increase the risk of suicide among adolescents.

Treatment is carried out after diagnosis – taking anamnesis, examining a neurologist, registering electroencephalography, evoked potentials, EEG video monitoring, ECG, biochemical analyzes. 

Psychotherapeutic approach

It has a varying degree of effectiveness, which depends on the training of the doctor and the severity of the disease.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)

This technique is becoming more popular today in the treatment of patients with depression, neuroses. Especially in relation to patients who are not helped by drugs. Or if there are contraindications to medicines. The principle of the technique is that induction coils are attached to the patient’s head, which create a magnetic field that stimulates the nerve cells of the brain.

This method is able to act directly on the source of depressive tendencies, it has a fairly well-pronounced effect in most patients.

Physiotherapy instead of medication

The Clinic for Restorative Neurology has widely and successfully used transcranial magnetic stimulation for such patients since 1993 on the basis of scientific data obtained at the Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, where this process is led by professor-neurologist, neurophysiologist, Ph.D. Gimranov R.F.

Thanks to the use of this technique, our clinic for restorative neurology shows some of the best results in the treatment of depression both in Russia and among the CIS countries.

Insomnia in men

Sleep is a natural process during which our body rests and regenerates. Deficiency and sleep disturbances lead to serious consequences, including serious illnesses. The development of insomnia is a serious danger to the physical and psychological health of a person, an indicator of the presence of serious problems.  

Males are less likely to experience problem sleep than women [1]. However, they may have difficulty getting a good night’s rest. At the same time, the causes of sleep disorders in men 30 – 40 years old are extremely diverse. 

Causes

There can be many reasons why a man does not sleep at night.

Most often, this is the manifestation of problems of the nervous system, excessive fatigue and psychological stress, but sometimes there are completely physiological explanations for this.

Sometimes, in order to get rid of an unpleasant condition, it is enough to correct the daily routine. But in some cases, full treatment is necessary.

The reasons for sleep deprivation in men:

  1. Acute, chronic stress. It is caused by intra-family and personal problems, external pressure from society. It is provoked by problems at work, in communication, arises when you change your place of residence.
  2. Hormonal imbalance. Sleep problems occur against the background of disorders of the gonads, thyroid.
  3. Taking substances that stimulate the nervous system. It can be both medications and stimulants, caffeine-containing foods, alcohol.
  4. Exercise right before bedtime.
  5. Overeating, excessive consumption of calories. To normalize the regime, first of all, you will have to give up late evening snacks.
  6. Somatic diseases, manifested by regular pain.
  7. Sleep apnea syndrome, snoring. Breathing problems lead to numerous waking up during the night, which makes it impossible to get a good night’s sleep.
  1. Using gadgets before bed. Sleep quality is equally affected by watching TV, playing a game console or reading the news, and communicating on social networks.
  2. Neurological diseases. Early stages of development of Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis. 

Insomnia that develops in men for these reasons is often more serious and complex than in women in similar situations. This is partly due to the socio-cultural characteristics of the upbringing of boys in our society. An adult man prefers to hide the psychological stress and experiences in himself, not to share them and not to receive emotional relief.

Sometimes sleep disorders associated with frequent urge to urinate and pain accompanying inflammation of the genitourinary system are perceived as shameful. The male sex prefers to endure such problems, and not go to the doctor at the first symptoms. And thus aggravates the state of his health.

Types and symptoms of insomnia in men

Depending on what causes insomnia in men after 40, 4 groups of diseases are distinguished:

  1. Adaptive, when abrupt changes in the usual routine of life become the cause. Change of type of activity, mode of operation or relocation.
  2. Psychophysiological type. Sleep is disturbed due to a person’s refusal to perceive signals from the body. Overcoming drowsiness during the day, by nightfall, a person loses the ability to sleep peacefully. 
  1. Sleep hygiene disorders. Arise due to improper alignment of the evening pastime. Something: abuse of food and drink, physical work, exercise in the evenings.
  2. Secondary form, which is the consequences of somatic, bodily diseases.

It is not always easy to recognize sleep problems at the initial stage, they are often perceived as other disorders: depression, anxiety. Let’s list the symptoms of developed insomnia: 

  1. falling asleep for a long time, which can last more than 1 hour;
  2. regular conscious awakenings at night;
  3. increased sensitivity, sleep destroys even a random sound;
  4. early awakening without the ability to fall asleep again;
  5. headaches on waking;
  6. fatigue, lack of the usual vigor in the morning;
  7. fatigue, reduced performance;
  8. irritability increases.

Having found at least two of the listed symptoms, you should consult a somnologist. This will help to quickly cope with negative symptoms and restore the quality of life. 

Diagnostics

To find out why there are reasons for insomnia at night in men after 30-40 and how to cure it, a consultation with an experienced doctor will help.

It would be correct to contact a specialized clinic. There, where there is access to consultation by doctors of different profiles: neurologist, psychologist, somnologist. A comprehensive diagnostic approach is needed to understand in which specific area the original problem lies.

Before sending a patient for research to identify the causes of poor sleep in an adult male, the doctor will conduct a detailed survey:

  • will identify the main symptoms;
  • will indicate concomitant changes in the way of life of a person;
  • identify the symptoms associated with sleep disorders;
  • check for established complications;
  • will determine the original cause that triggered sleep problems.

Based on the results of a preliminary survey and examination, diagnostic procedures are assigned:

  • EEG monitoring procedure , which will clearly show how the patient’s sleep process looks like; 
  • polysomnography to determine if sleep apnea is present;
  • functional MRI allows you to accurately establish the features of the brain during sleep and wakefulness. 

After receiving the results, in order to directly eliminate the problem that has arisen, the patient is referred to a specialized doctor. This could be a neurologist, psychotherapist, etc.

Treatment

As a rule, poor sleep is a consequence of negative processes occurring in the body.

In order to prescribe an effective treatment, the doctor must determine the cause of insomnia in men, analyze the symptoms. And have the data of instrumental examinations on hand.

To defeat the problem, depending on the specific situation, the following can be used:

  • A course of psychotherapy, if the condition has arisen due to psychological or mental problems.
  • Prescribing medications to help restore healthy sleep patterns.
  • Herbal remedies that gently affect the body and restore natural biorhythms.
  • The use of vitamin complexes that improve brain function.
  • Treating the root cause of apnea.

How to treat insomnia in a man is always decided on an individual basis and, sometimes, you can achieve a result with folk remedies. However, faced with such a problem, it is required to undergo a full examination in order to identify the cause of the disorder in a particular patient, and not rely on someone else’s experience. 

Prevention

Male insomnia in adulthood is a problem that almost every person faces from time to time. However, discomfort can be avoided by taking preventive measures to help ensure healthy sleep:

  • The bed should not turn into a place of constant pastime. Try to read and watch TV in another part of the apartment, coming to bed just for sleep.
  • Have a healthy sleep and wake schedule, don’t stay up too late, and try to stick to your daily schedule.
  • Avoid eating large amounts of food before bed, foods containing caffeine and sugar.
  • Stop vigorous physical activity 2 hours before bedtime.
  • Do the morning exercises daily.
  • Use the relaxation techniques that work for you before bed.
  • Ventilate the room before going to bed, take a walk down the street in the evening.

If methods to improve sleep quality stop working and your rhythm is out of order, see your doctor as soon as possible. In such a situation, it is highly likely that the appearance of insomnia or dyssomnia is associated with neurological pathology. 

Folk remedies for insomnia

Healthy sleep creates a good mood and normal working capacity for the day.

A sleepless person not only feels optimal after rest, but also contributes to their health in the future. Problems with night rest, provoke the development of physical (somatic) diseases and psychological, intellectual disorders.

The reasons for the development of insomnia

Sleep disturbances are common and can significantly reduce a person’s quality of life. It becomes especially dangerous if it goes into a chronic stage.

However, not everyone finds the time and desire to immediately see a doctor.

Therefore, the question often arises: what to do at home, if insomnia is tormenting, I cannot sleep, how to treat and overcome the disorder that torments every day, how to cope with the problem, determine the reasons, what exactly needs to be taken or drunk in order to cure the disease once and for all …

People have accumulated a lot of advice, the relevance of which is recognized by official medicine.

It is possible to cope with the problem on your own if its appearance was not provoked by a serious physical or mental illness. Below we offer several remedies with reviews that will help get rid of morning insomnia and lack of sleep at night quickly and without pills, both at home and on the road.

Effective treatment of sleep disorders and insomnia with folk remedies in men and women is possible only when the cause of the problem is established. Until the negatively acting factor is eliminated, one should not hope for the return of restful sleep.

External influence

Common reasons are:

  1. constant background noise, sharp sudden sounds in the night;
  2. excessive lighting (light pollution), irritating light sources;
  1. lack of oxygen in the room, unsuitable temperature;
  2. abuse of drinks containing caffeine in the afternoon;
  3. alcohol consumption – sleep after libations is defective, comparable to stunning;
  1. poor nutrition, affects both lack of food and excessive consumption of heavy, fatty foods shortly before going to bed;
  2. disrupted schedule due to work or lack of the habit of going to bed and getting up at the same time;
  3. changed time zone due to flights, rotational working conditions;
  4. stress, depression, constant nervous tension;
  5. side effects of certain medications.

Internal factors

In addition to factors affecting a person from the outside, easily removable, there are also pathological processes in the body itself. To identify and treat them, you will have to consult a doctor.

A number of diseases and pathologies affect the development of insomnia:

  1. digestive disorders;
  2. the development of symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease in young and old people;  
  3. heart failure;
  4. mental illness, schizophrenia;
  5. pregnancy or menopause;
  6. sleep apnea;
  1. allergic reactions;
  2. hyperthyroidism, excessive thyroid function;
  3. hypertrophy of the prostate gland, forcing men to get up at night to use the toilet.

How to cope, overcome and completely defeat insomnia, normalize sleep in an adult without drugs and pills, how to effectively eliminate the effects of lack of sleep, when you cannot fall asleep on your own, what to do with dyssomia, when there is no time and desire to fight sleeping pills with it? Recall the experience of generations of people who have suffered from the same problem. And choose an effective remedy for you! 

Sleep hygiene

When thinking about what can help with insomnia, first of all, remember the rules for eliminating factors that interfere with sleep. Try the following sleep hygiene tips for a while. 

Within a week, the following measures will give results:

  • Turn off gadgets an hour before bedtime. Break the habit of checking social media in bed or watching an episode of a series. Take this time to relax your body and calm your thoughts.
  • Cut out coffee and tea in the afternoon, or limit it after 4 pm.
  • Regulate physical activity. Exercise in the morning or at least 4 hours before bed.
  • Avoid energy drinks and alcohol, especially in the evening.
  • Try to avoid heavy late dinners and late night snacks.

Improving sleep hygiene for children and adolescents is especially effective.

Mental techniques

We often meet requests: “Help, I was tormented by insomnia, what to take from it, what means to use, exercises to do, what needs to be done?”

People are ready for complex procedures and medication in order to find a restful deep sleep. Often this requires nothing more than your own brain.

If the cause of sleep problems was external factors, stress, then mental practices will help to cope with the problem:

  • When you go to bed, turn off unpleasant thoughts. Dream or remember good things, come up with a fantastic story, a fairy tale. Be sure to visualize your thoughts while lying down with your eyes closed.
  • Count in reverse order from 100 to 0. Perhaps sleep will come already in the middle of the count.
  • Relax and imagine in detail that you are lying in a hammock, in a place blown by a light pleasant warm breeze. Concentrate on recreating the feel of a slight rocking motion. After three or five, you will be lulled by a measured roll.
  • When sleeping on a hard surface, use the body-off technique. With your eyes closed, relax, focus on the fingers of your right hand, order them to cease to exist. Then give this command with your wrist, forearm, and gradually “turn off” the whole body. The main thing is not to move. This method will allow you to instantly plunge into sleep, restore strength.
  • The blackboard contains several techniques. With your eyes closed, imagine yourself standing at a regular blackboard with a sponge in one hand and chalk in the other. Mentally draw a circle on it, and then the number 100. Erase it, replace it with 99, 98 and so on. Instead of a number, write the letter X in a circle and erase alternately the rays converging to the center, and then draw it again. Mentally write the word “sleep” in the circle and slowly erase it along the lines of the letters.
  • Choose the type of nature you like. Turn on the appropriate soundtrack: sounds of the surf, rain or forest. Concentrate on visualizing the sensations of being in this place. Imagine yourself relaxing in your favorite place.

With a mild form of insomnia caused by stress, fatigue, thanks to the imagination, each of these techniques will lead to rapid sleep and recovery.

Folk remedies for insomnia

There are many tips on how to treat insomnia at home with folk remedies, how to overcome violations and learn how to fall asleep easily. We have selected recipes, the effectiveness of which is confirmed by the experience of people and the observations of doctors.

Products

Soothing drinks taken just before bed:

  • Warm milk – a recipe known for millennia, you can add a drop of honey. The trick is to keep the liquid warm, not hot.
  • Banana smoothie. The composition is simple: a glass of milk, a medium banana and a spoonful of almond paste. Whisk the ingredients in a blender and drink half an hour before bed. The potassium and magnesium contained in the drink will help to relax the muscles that are tired during the day.
  • Yogurt without additives. It is also worth drinking a drink at room temperature, and not standing in the refrigerator.
  • Freshly squeezed cherry juice. The berry is rich in melatonin, a substance responsible for the work of the biological clock. Its intake into the body contributes to the normalization of biorhythms. But this method only works with a fresh drink. Packaged bags will not work because of the sugar content.

A properly prepared broth, a product eaten on time and tea for sleep will allow you to go to bed on time and have a quality rest. 

Herbs

If insomnia is tormenting, you cannot fall asleep for a long time at night or fall asleep when necessary, you are tormented by fatigue due to the inability to sleep, then a person during dinner can use folk remedies against bad sleep, the main thing is to know what exactly you need to drink:

  • Motherwort relieves nervous tension, gives relaxation, normalizes sleep. The effect is cumulative, so you need to drink the solution during the day.
  • Chamomile is a classic quick-acting remedy. A cup of hot chamomile infusion half an hour before bedtime will give you relaxation and sound sleep.
  • Peppermint is an excellent aid for insomnia or poor sleep, a folk remedy that is advised to get healing from problems with the gastrointestinal tract and inflammatory conditions that lead to lack of sleep
  • Thyme or thyme. The substances included in the herb not only calm the nervous system, but also normalize blood circulation. They stimulate the supply of oxygen to the brain, restore the work of the central nervous system.
  • Honey is good for sleep, if you take it for insomnia or drink it when you suffer from nervousness in other drinks, according to reviews, it saves you when you need to fall asleep quickly.

Folk remedies for good sleep, selected according to reviews, help when insomnia is tortured, but what to do if the cause is a disease and treatment is required, it is better to find out from a doctor.

On our site there is more detailed material about which herbs help with insomnia. 

Sleep disturbance is not always a harmless condition that reduces performance. Often, this is a symptom of an illness. In this case, you will not be able to do without a hospital examination and pills.

Aromatherapy

Often, a problem arises suddenly and needs to be dealt with as quickly as possible. And the question arises: “What should be done with insomnia, if you cannot sleep, and the fight is possible only without drugs, what simple remedy will help?” Especially relevant is a safe solution for pregnant women and the elderly.

In this case, aromatherapy will come to the rescue:

  • Chamomile, Lavender and Neroli Oils are a comprehensive approach for sleep problems.
  • Sage and bergamot will help in case of stress or nervous breakdown.
  • Rose oil can help relieve nightmares.
  • Rosemary, orange, frankincense, laurel, are effective when sleep disturbances become chronic.

Home treatment of insomnia is possible by combining methods of struggle, decide not only the smells, but also what herbs you should drink in case of sleep disturbance.

Yoga for sleep problems

Sometimes a problem arises of what to do if insomnia is already 3-4 days, you cannot fall asleep at night, and medications are either not available or they cannot be used. At the same time, no means help. In this case, it is worth turning to one of the most ancient ways to restore the normal functioning of the body – yoga [7]. 

If insomnia torments you at night, you can’t fall asleep and lie for a long time, and it is impossible to take the medicine, then it is better to do what will definitely help girls and men. Yoga also gives results for neurological problems. 

We suggest trying asanas that help you relax:

  • Balasana – sit on your knees, bending forward and stretching your arms, place your palms and forehead on the floor. Breathe slowly. This pose will help you fall asleep even with pain.
  • Savasana – lie on your back with your arms extended along your body and relax. Breathe slowly and deeply, concentrating on pleasant thoughts.
  • Sukhasana – Sit on the floor or hard bed with your legs crossed, bend forward with your arms outstretched. Try to touch the floor with your elbows and relax.

Among the many popular methods, there is sure to be exactly the one that will save you from sleep problems.

It is best to apply them in combination, acting simultaneously on the body and mind. Choose the optimal set of measures in cooperation with a sleep doctor. 

The crown of the head hurts: what to do and how to treat

Cephalalgia or headache is a fairly common occurrence in a person’s life; almost everyone has encountered this unpleasant sensation. For most, the problem is solved simply by taking pain relievers. However, this is a rather dangerous technique, because such a symptom may not speak of fatigue, but of a serious illness.

If a person often has a pain on the top of the head or responds with an unpleasant sensation when pressed at one point to the right or left, affecting the neck as well, then the doctor will help to understand what this means and why it is happening. After a thorough examination, examination. Self-medication in such a case will cause a worsening of the condition.

Causes

Feelings, such as a headache in the region of the crown on the left or right, a feeling of pressure in the back of the head, are extremely unpleasant. And everyone tries to get rid of them in the usual way: take a pill.

When cephalalgia is caused by temporary exposure to external factors, the use of analgesics is a justified decision. Pain reliever leads to, albeit temporary, but a positive result.

However, if other signs of ill health occur along with the pain in the head, the right decision is to go to the hospital. Since even after taking medications, a person’s condition can deteriorate sharply.

Dangerous symptoms:

  1. Sudden mental abnormalities.
  2. There are drops in blood pressure.
  3. With pressure on the crown, the pain sensations increase.
  4. There is a strong burning sensation.
  5. There is nausea, vomiting.
  6. Dizziness, passing into a light-headed state.
  7. Unsteadiness of gait.
  8. Episodes of falls, convulsions. 
  9. Loss of control or sensitivity in the limb area.
  10.                    Temperature increase.
  11.                    Drying of the mucous membrane in the oral cavity.
  12.                    Problems with orientation in space.
  13.                    Memory losses.

Both the influence of external factors and the development of diseases of the brain, skull, and other parts of the body can lead to the occurrence of cephalalgia in the crown region.

Ophthalmoplegic migraine may occur with similar manifestations [2].  

External factors

Our body is a complex mechanism. The health balance can be disturbed by a phenomenon that seems at first glance not dangerous.

It happens that the head often hurts in the region of the crown on the left or right, the entire left or right side of the skull due to ordinary things:

  1. Hunger. Due to a decrease in blood sugar levels, discomfort occurs in the crown of the head, which disappears immediately after replenishing the lack of carbohydrates.
  1. Lack of caffeine in a person who is used to drinking a lot of coffee every day.
  2. An unhealthy lifestyle that includes regular consumption of alcohol, nicotine, sweets, and fatty foods with supplements such as monosodium glutamate.
  1. Some products with a specific composition cause extremely unpleasant sensations in the crown area.
  2. Excessive alcohol consumption, leading to swelling of the membranes of the brain, hangover.
  3. Poisoning with chemicals.
  4. Inflammation in the area of ​​the jaw bones and teeth.
  5. Diseases of the nasal cavities.
  6. Chronic and acute stress, causing nervous strain.
  7. Depression, being in a depressed mood.

In such cases, getting rid of the problem is not difficult: you need to exclude the negative factor from the usual way of life.

Diseases and pathologies

It is more difficult to cope with secondary pain, which signals the onset of a disease of internal organs and systems.

The right or left side of the crown of the head, seizing the zones on the right or on the left, can be very painful with the following pathologies:

  1. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, cervicogenic pain. Including post-traumatic. With the development of such a disease, problems with the vascular system arise in the neck area. The blood supply to the brain is disrupted. Painful sensations gradually spread from the crown of the head throughout the head, to the shoulder area. 
  1. Traumatic brain injury. Pain syndrome can occur a week after the injury. In this case, unpleasant sensations can be both constant and periodically fading.
  2. Neoplasms of the brain or its membranes, benign and malignant. In both cases, cephalalgia is permanent, manifested by pulsation, worsening in the morning, after exercise, or against the background of fluid accumulation.
  3. Arterial hypertension. Chronically high blood pressure leads to problems in the blood circulation in the brain. In addition, against the background of the disease, hypertensive crises, hemorrhages are possible. Therefore, the problem must be solved under the supervision of a cardiologist, therapist.
  4. Allergies or manifestations of dermatitis. If cephalalgia manifests itself only when you touch the scalp, then with a high probability, the basis of the problem is any agent used in this area that causes such an active reaction. In most cases, it is enough to remove the allergen and the problem will be solved.

Diagnostics

To establish the symptoms of which a severe headache becomes in the region of the crown, crown, to the right of the center of the head, what influenced this and what reasons became decisive, and therefore prescribe treatment, the doctor can only after a thorough examination. 

At the first visit, the neurologist will conduct a general analysis of the patient’s condition. Draw up a survey plan. If necessary, he will redirect to a doctor of the appropriate profile.

Diagnosis when such symptoms appear is carried out in several stages:

  • Initial examination, collection of anamnesis. It is important for the doctor to learn not only about the symptoms that have manifested, but also about the external factors accompanying this, the conditions under which the pain intensifies. The possibility of the influence of chronic diseases is also being studied.
  • Consultations with narrow specialists to identify a list of necessary studies.
  • Laboratory blood tests.
  • Hardware studies of the state of the brain, cervical spine, circulatory system: MRI and CT of the brain, X-ray examination of the cervical spine, ECG of the heart.

Based on the results, it will become clear why the crown, forehead and crown of the head or the entire crown of the head hurt. The doctor will then be able to determine the most effective therapy.

Treatment

Therapy is prescribed only after a complete examination.

The doctor will tell you what to do if the top of the head constantly hurts and presses very badly, the skin in this area is on top, periodically nauseous, from which other symptoms appear, treatment is prescribed depending on the cause, age, gender of the patient. 

The method of providing assistance depends on whether the pain is primary or secondary. If discomfort occurs due to lifestyle or the influence of external factors, the following are used:

  • Pain relievers and drugs to relieve spasms. It is imperative to use exactly the medication indicated by the attending physician.
  • Changes in daily routine or habits. Minimizing the impact of external negative factors that lead to the manifestation of symptoms plays a major role in getting rid of pain.
  • Undergoing a course of physiotherapy procedures such as laser therapy, extremely high frequencies. The sessions restore disturbed processes in the body, remove the consequences of negative effects.
  • Compliance with the selected daily routine.
  • Relaxation procedures, as stress and nervous exhaustion often become the reason for a sharp headache at the top of the head.

The result of such an integrated approach will not be long in coming. The patient gets rid of discomfort in 7-14 days. When the case is severe, the time to achieve the result is increased.

Relapse prevention

Throughout subsequent life, in order for the symptoms not to return, the patient will need preventive measures.

If the head hurts on the right or left in the region of the crown every day, showing the presence of internal pathology, then the treatment is primarily carried out to eliminate the disease. In this case, the treatment program is prescribed depending on the identified disease and related factors.

Since the causes of headaches in the crown region or the parts of the head closest to it are different, then various methods are used: 

  • Medication approach. The course includes pain relievers, but only as an anti-symptomatic agent that does not have a particular effect on the treatment of the cause of the condition.
  • Physiotherapy procedures that help to normalize the physiological state of the patient, variously affecting the pathology that has arisen.
  • Surgical intervention is prescribed when conservative treatment will obviously not give the desired result.

Regardless of the cause of the headache in the crown of the head, you need to remember about the inadmissibility of self-medication. Even if some methods give a temporary positive effect. Drowning the pain with folk remedies or self-chosen medicines, you run the risk of not noticing a gradually developing serious illness.

Senile insomnia

Posted on October 5, 2021  in Uncategorized

Insomnia is a problem in human life. It worsens his health throughout the day, contributes to the development of chronic diseases. In relation to children and adults, such a disorder is perceived as a pathology. In older people, it does not seem to be dangerous. And this is wrong.

The percentage of people with sleep disorders after age 65 is steadily increasing. Given the weakened body of the elderly and a predisposition to a number of diseases, disturbed sleep impairs brain function and can become a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease.

Relatives caring for the older generation often ask themselves the question: “What to do if grandfather or grandmother does not sleep at night?” There is no universal answer and will not be. The way to restore the normal regime depends on the cause and type of insomnia the person has. 

Chronic pathology does not form in a few days. Its development takes place gradually, months and years.

As a rule, sleep problems are caused by a decrease in the production of melatonin, a neurotransmitter responsible for the correct sleep and wakefulness of a person. But for what reason such a disorder arose, it will be necessary to find out.

Sleep disturbances are not accidental, the main causes of insomnia in older people, men and women over 60, are: 

  1. Stressful states. The experiences typical of people in years in the evening, before going to bed, often negatively affect the functions of the nervous system.
  2. Snoring, nocturnal breathing problems, seizures.
  3. Excessive excess weight and a sedentary lifestyle.
  1. Bad habits. Alcohol abuse.
  2. Lack of sleep hygiene. Incorrect, uncomfortable bed, constant background noise (for example, from a working TV), light, lack of evening ventilation.
  3. Chronic diseases affecting the respiratory system or accompanied by pain.
  4. Mental and psychological problems. Depression and mental illness should be treated under medical supervision. And the psychological instability, fears about the future, can be dispelled by loved ones.
  5. Taking medications that provoke insomnia. In this case, it is necessary to inform the attending physician about the side effect so that he changes the dosage regimen or prescribes another remedy.
  6. Little sunlight, vitamin D deficiency. It is recommended to spend more time in the sun or take special medications.

Often, a chronic condition is provoked by several reasons at the same time. For example, high blood pressure with hypertensive encephalopathy and medication that interferes with sleep.  

Types of insomnia in the elderly

To decide what to do if an elderly person does not sleep at night, you need to figure out what form of insomnia developed in old age.

There are three pathology options that are most typical for such patients:

  1. Hypersomnia – a person needs a long period of sleep, sleeps 12-20 hours a day. And even after such a long period of rest, the surge of strength and vivacity does not come. The patient wakes up irritated, tired. Hypersomnia is characteristic of people who are constantly exposed to stress and are depressed.
  2. Insomnia – difficulty falling asleep or its complete impossibility. Even after a person falls asleep, he cannot rest. Sleep is extremely restless, short, fragmentary, often accompanied by nightmares. As a rule, accumulated stress becomes the cause of the condition. The psychotherapist should think over the treatment regimen.
  3. Parasomnia is a sleep phase change disorder. A person wakes up several times during the night, but full awakening does not occur. A similar phenomenon occurs with nocturnal epilepsy, sleepwalking. Requires consultation of a neurologist.

Only by understanding why old elderly people sleep little and poorly can one choose the right treatment. Smart therapy will improve their health and sleep.

Symptoms

In order to determine what to take for insomnia in old age in the elderly and how to get rid of this painful condition, the collection of symptoms plays a significant role at the first visit to the doctor.

The peculiarities of the course of the disease will help to understand what additional examination is required and what treatment will be effective.

Symptoms of insomnia in the elderly:

  1. Intermittent difficulty falling asleep. Even in the dark and relaxed state, sleep does not come for hours.
  2. More frequent nightmares that cause earlier awakening in an agitated state with a feeling of fear, disgust, regret. In this case, the pulse accelerates, blood pressure often rises.
  3. Superficial sleep. Increased sensitivity, frequent awakening at night from the slightest noise, inability to fall asleep after it.
  4. A standard 8 hour nap does not bring any rest. The person is haunted by the desire to either sleep longer, or during the day he experiences fatigue and drowsiness.

Each of these signs, which happened once, is not a cause for concern. However, if the patient regularly experiences these symptoms, it is necessary to see a doctor.

Diagnostics

To understand what to do, what treatment to use, it is required to determine the causes of senile insomnia.

The first method that is used to diagnose a patient’s condition is a survey.

The doctor finds out the symptoms of the process, determines the accompanying problems that arise. The person is asked what diseases he has.

Neurological examination is mandatory.

After that, testing is carried out on the Epworth scale. A person is asked to answer questions related to the characteristics of his sleep. Based on the information received, points are assigned and the level of the problem is determined [3]. 

After undergoing preliminary diagnostics, the patient is redirected to instrumental studies, consultations by doctors of a related profile to determine the specific cause of his condition.

Then, when doctors determine why the elderly person is awake at night, they can develop a plan to restore sleep.

Treatment

How to treat insomnia in old age, what methods of combating and preventing such a condition in older people will be effective, should be decided by a professional doctor after a thorough diagnosis. Depending on the results, a therapy regimen will be selected.

For the treatment of sleep disorders, as a secondary symptom of a third-party disease, the root cause, the disease that led to the dyssomnia, is first treated. Having received the result, they begin to get rid of the symptoms.

When the reduction in sleep time is due to age-related changes in the brain, doctors try not to resort to drastic methods, advising preventive measures and mild corrective procedures.

In some cases, insomnia in old age in people, equally, men and women, has reasons that require drug treatment. When prescribing drugs, the doctor is guided by several rules:

  • Selection of a drug with suitable pharmacological effects.
  • Appointment of small therapeutic doses.
  • Short-term courses of drug use (up to 1 month).
  • Therapy should be intermittent. You can not use the drug more than 2-3 times a week.
  • The gradual withdrawal of hypnotic drugs through dose reduction.
  • Close monitoring of the patient’s condition before taking medications and after discontinuation, during follow-up examinations.

When prescribing therapy, it is extremely important to take into account what other medications a person is taking, what chronic diseases he suffers, so as not to worsen the general well-being.

Due to these features, self-medication with hypnotics is highly discouraged [4]. 

Preventing Poor Sleep in Older People

Sleep disorders in old and senile people do not always require complex treatment. Often, the problem, if not resolved, then becomes less acute.

We suggest following a few rules to help you get healthy sleep:

  • Monitor the diet, make the evening meal lighter and push back from the time of falling asleep by 2-3 hours.
  • Reduce your intake of caffeinated beverages and avoid them in the afternoon.
  • Stop drinking alcohol, nicotine and other stimulants.
  • Use orthopedic pillows and a mattress for a comfortable and safe sleep.
  • Ventilate the bedroom regularly before bed, even during the winter season.
  • Introduce more physical activity into the daily regimen, preferably in the second half of the day.
  • Reduce TV viewing time in the evenings by taking short walks.

And remember: the question: “How to overcome insomnia in old age?” Is solved individually each time.