Currently, depression is one of the most common forms of mental illness. How is it characterized? The emotional state is depressed and lonely; the person understands that there is no point in his existence. For these reasons, experiencing depressed often ends with suicide attempts. An expert can help to get rid of depressive thoughts – communication with him helps to cope with painful emotions, teaches to support oneself.
When a person tries to overcome negative feelings, bring himself back to life, he can look for ways to deal with depression on his own, without resorting to a psychologist.
Sometimes self-medication not only does not bring the desired effect, but can also cause harm to health. What is the psychology of human feelings? What does not help to cope with depressive manifestations? Read this article.
Psychology of Depressed State
The occurrence of depression is due to several reasons. Among them:
- accelerated lifestyle, professional workload and lack of necessary rest;
- stay in stress and the inability to get rid of it;
- dissatisfaction with self and life conditions;
- experiencing psychological trauma – child or adulthood;
- the consequences of living grief and loss;
- emotional turmoil, such as: quarrels, conflicts, experiencing fear;
- abuse of drugs, alcohol;
- emotional exhaustion;
- genetic predisposition;
- lack of support and care from other people to a person when he is in a difficult life situation;
- central nervous system disorders – diseases that are related to psychiatric abnormalities. Among them: psychosis, a variety of personality disorders, mania, phobias.
If a person does not do anything to overcome depression, then it can “absorb” him entirely, negatively affect not only the emotional state – memory and attention deterioration, increased irritability, lack of objectivity, derealization – but also physical. Running depression can lead to disturbances in brain activity, the work of the heart and blood vessels, the nervous system, sleep disorders, and others.
Communication and rejection of it
Sometimes friends and relatives of a person who suffers from depression advise him to communicate more with others, in order not to “leave” dark thoughts, to be distracted through communication. Is this way of dealing with emotional depression so helpful? Depression is the result of experiencing psychological trauma, which means that a person has “live” feelings inside the person, which are characterized by soreness and negative.
If he doesn’t realize them and doesn’t express them — at a psychologist’s reception — then contacts with friends, noisy companies, trips will not help him ease his emotional state.
Feelings should be understood and expressed – so that you can feel something like spiritual emptiness, and then relief.
Tips from others to be a little alone, to limit communication – also will not bring the desired result. Loneliness can be dangerous for someone who has a strong emotional experience, suffers, worries, fears.
Habit ignore depression
“Do not pay attention” – friends can say, when they see that a person is experiencing heavy emotions, “confused” in life, he is not happy with himself. Habit to ignore depressive symptoms does not mean a caring attitude towards oneself, but, on the contrary, that a person is trying to pretend that nothing happens to him. Thus, depressed people “abandon” themselves.
Attempts to ignore depression, “hold on” with all our strength, so as not to show pain, tears, dissatisfaction, can lead to the fact that the emotional state worsens.
Depression, no matter what its nature, requires a compulsory visit to a specialist. In individual work with a psychologist, a person gets the opportunity to meet with himself and his “face to face” emotions, understand what is happening to him, what are the causes of emotional reactions, and become aware of a traumatic experience. After some time working with depression, living grief, loss, shock, there is the realization that everything can be changed for the better – a person begins to understand that his life is in his hands and, despite difficult or unpleasant events, he always has a chance something that is amenable to change.
Hobbies, entertainment and work
“Going headlong” into work, practicing hobbies, and having fun are methods that people often use when trying to overcome feelings of pain and frustration. This approach to treating depression and self-help is extremely ineffective. Avoiding emotions, consciously abandoning one’s inner state, trying to redirect consciousness to another direction do not bring relief – this is indicated by the psychology of the personality.
As a rule, this leads to the fact that a person, more and more often, becomes irritable, sensitive, can cry over trifles, sharply reacts to any criticism of himself, takes everything to heart, feels inferior, untenable.
As practice shows, avoiding the feelings and the habit of “not thinking about the bad” ultimately leads to an increase in depressive thoughts — there is a sudden awareness of the complete meaninglessness of existence, immersion in apathy.
Distractions such as work, hobbies, fun pastime can be useful if they bring sincere joy, help a person to understand and understand the information relating to his personality, behavior, relationships.
Hobbies such as creativity, proper rest in a new, pleasing and pacifying atmosphere contribute to improving the emotional state, but only in conjunction with the psychotherapeutic work on oneself.
Getting out of depression alone is almost impossible. A psychologist will provide powerful support in a difficult life period of a person, will make it clear that he is not alone, will teach you to rely on yourself.
Prevention of depression – a myth or reality?
Is it possible to predict the appearance of depression? Life and events that occur in it can be unpredictable, therefore, no one is immune from sometimes not “falling” into depressive thoughts and feelings.
However, everyone is able to lead a way of life that will help increase emotional stability, be well aware of their role in life, understand feelings, control behavior. In such cases, the predisposition to depression decreases.
For this you need:
- follow a full sleep and rest;
- eat right;
- communicate with positive people;
- leave a place in life for joy;
- do what you love;
- understand the psychology of their feelings;
- meet personal needs;
- strive for optimism.