Schizophrenic Spectrum Disorders

To schizophrenic spectrum disorders include mental illness, their symptoms are similar to schizophrenia but by the severity is not equal   her. Sometimes they have such a blurred picture that they don’t only relatives of the patient, but sometimes and   health workers “look through” symptoms, such as schizotypal personality disorder, in the power of which help is not turns on time. Thats   same may apply to acute transient endogenous disorders of the schizophrenic spectrum when symptoms (for example, delusional and hallucinatory ) lasts a short time, and then disappears. However, being not treated on time, she can return again, leaving her negative consequences.

Probably in   Based on the origin of all such disorders, a common basic genetic vulnerability has been established. And usually in schizophrenia, and with schizophrenic spectrum diseases in   prodromal period (n and   dosymptomatic stage) already marked the special features of a person. So, teachers in   school may point to   some features of the memory, thinking of the child, his communicative features and   emotional reactions, “weirdness” in behavior.

To Unfortunately, the opinion of the average man and   on   Today it remains such that all mental disorders are commonly referred to as  schizophrenia which is considered a little whether or not   contagious disease. This leads to   stigmatizing disorder so much so that   patients and   their  Relatives sometimes even when doctors are embarrassed to make a diagnosis, replacing its wording with the phrase:   I’m sick on   the letter Sh . None   less with adequate treatment of schizophrenia and   diseases of the schizophrenic spectrum, the prognosis can be very favorable. BUT  speaking of   the latter, it can be noted that sometimes their   the symptoms are so erased (for example, in schizotypal disorder) that certain moment not attracted to attention, since pronounced social maladjustment can and   not   be as well   with successful and   timely treatment of a person remains workable and   socially adapted to throughout life.

The very prevalence of schizophrenia is sometimes greatly exaggerated (by according to statistics, it is 1% of population in   any region of the world). However, this number may vary, but   not at all by the cause of the beginning of the “epidemic” of schizophrenia and   disorders of this spectrum, and at mind overdiagnosis of this group of diseases.

Since the etiology of this group of disorders is not yet   before   the end is understandable only terminological confusion (for example, there are certain differences in two large medical classifiers of diseases   – ICD adopted in   Russia and   European countries, and   DSM used in   countries of America).

However , if the origin of this group of disorders causes controversy, and mankind is still looking for the causes of these diseases, there are statistics that can disprove the myths about total severity of schizophrenic spectrum disorders. In   worldwide treatment   Is a way of qualitatively stopping the acute condition of patients, and subsequent socio-pedagogical, cognitive, labor rehabilitation and psychotherapy, in including family, give opportunity recovery, in including full, for a certain percentage of patients.

Thus, schizophrenic spectrum disorders, including schizotypal personality disorder, and schizoaffective disorders are amenable to correction and   treatment, especially in   In cases where the disorder is diagnosed on time, the diagnosis is established correctly, and   treatment is prescribed adequately.

Although often we hear the question: if symptoms of schizotypal disorders do not so pronounced then worth do worry at all and “Pull” a person along   to doctors? The answer can be only one: worth it. At a minimum, differential diagnosis and   accurate diagnosis. In the study of schizophrenic spectrum disorders it is always very important to separate from   schizophrenia itself. Only then will it be possible to assign adequate treatment, and   therefore, the possibility of high-quality rehabilitation, significant assistance to the patient’s family and   guarantees that his life will be in   further full and   quality.

Residual schizophrenia

Residual is called schizophrenia , which continues to bother the patient (and more – his relatives) one year after the successful treatment of acute psychosis. Term in one year is a fairly conventional unit for determining the diagnosis of “residual schizophrenia”. Span can last from nine to  fourteen months old that lets talk about chronic schizophrenia.

Symptoms residual schizophrenia

•           Negative symptoms predominate (a scientific term for this symptom complex   – “affective flatness”):

  1. Lack of will.
  2. The absence of any initiatives .
  3. Persistent indifference .
  4. The absence of significant reductions in facial muscles of the face.
  5. Overall
  6. Indifference to   need self catering. This is what causes the most problems for people surrounding a patient with residual schizophrenia.
  • There are no signs of organic damage to the central nervous system.
  • Not  detected
  • Notsigns depressed.
  • Productive symptoms (hallucinosis , delusions) in   this period is quite rare and expressed weakly.
  • The patient himself is not pays attention to listed manifestations of the disease but they disturb his relatives and surrounding
  • A prolonged form of schizophrenia (residual schizophrenia) turns the patient off active forms of social life.

Diagnosis of residual schizophrenia

At  currently, there are disputes over about the criteria for this diagnosis. At the presented material contains the most accepted signs of residual schizophrenia by the scientific world. A clear diagnosis should be made for a differentiated approach to treatment, the development of uniform standards of therapy. Decisive role in accurate diagnosis is played by a competent psychiatrist.

Treatment of residual schizophrenia

Often, treatment is possible only when   foreground psychotherapy and   social rehabilitation . Without them, drugs (even prescribed in maximum doses) may have little effect on   symptoms of the disease. Requires a careful individual approach to each individual patient for his successful adaptation in family and society. The patient must constantly explain the details of his condition, which are visible only to an outside observer. Rehabilitation success is possible only with full confidence in   psychiatrist with patient side and   his relatives or guardians. Of great importance isgroup psychotherapy . If in the collective of patients with residual schizophrenia develops mutual support, which continues after the inpatient course, then This group has good prospects for   full social adaptation. Higher stage – professional adaptation, which is possible with perfect compliance with the recommendations of the attending physician.

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