Paranoid schizophrenia is the type of disease that occurs most often. Sometimes mistakenly called paranoid schizophrenia. Manifested by the presence of delusions of persecution, obsessive ideas, conversations with non-existent interlocutors, while there are problems with self-identification. Sometimes paranoid schizophrenia is accompanied by hallucinations and catatonic symptoms (mild).
The exact causes of the disease are still not fully determined. Possible causes that can cause hereditary mental disorders are: the influence of the environment, family education, prenatal and stressful factors, alcoholism, drug addiction and disorders in the brain (neurobiological factors), age crisis.
Prevention of paranoid schizophrenia
Schizophrenia affects about 1% of the population. The first, pronounced attack often comes to 30 years. But the early signs and symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia can occur as early as adolescence / adolescence. During his life, anyone can get schizophrenia (the probability of developing the disease is 1-2%). In the course of the development of the disease, the social aspects of life and the functioning of a person in society suffer, which causes a person to have a strong mental discomfort.
Diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia
In the Center for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy “Transformation Clinic”, clients will receive comprehensive medical care:
- diagnostics and detection of mental disorders;
- determining the risk of schizophrenia;
- detection of symptoms of the disease;
- selection and appointment of optimal methods of recovery and treatment;
- determination of the effectiveness of treatment;
- the use of methods to prevent the occurrence of recurrence of schizophrenia;
- the use of rehabilitation methods for the return of a person to a full life.
Signs and symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia
The main symptom of paranoid schizophrenia is nonsense. These are persistent similar installations that lead to a misconception about the world. With this mental pathology, delusions are mixed. This and the feeling of persecution, when the patient feels that he is involved in some business for which he can be punished. Brain of high origin: a person appropriates non-existent regalia. Hypochondriac delirium in paranoid schizophrenia is an artsy character and has little to do with reality. For example, the patient claims that they introduced computers inside the body, which disrupt the work of the organs. In addition, there can be love delusions, jealousy, dysmorphophobia (non-existent physical deficiency) and others. With the progression of the disease nonsense is built up in a clear systematic chain.
Hallucinations can join delusions. This is a distortion of perception when a person perceives something that is not in the real world. Auditory hallucinations are most common: voices that only a person hears. They criticize the patient, argue among themselves, are threatening, forcing a person to do what he does not want. If visual hallucinations join, the patient is even more detached from reality.
Among other disorders of paranoid schizophrenia, note:
- senesthopathy- bodily sensations, not having a physical justification;
- depersonalization – a disorder of perception of oneself, with the alienation of one’s personality;
- social fenced off and care in your inner world;
- emotional inadequacy, anxiety, sleep disorders, and other common mental disorders.
In paranoid schizophrenia, thinking remains safe for a long time. Just a small degree develops negative symptoms: rarely suffers will and emotional devastation is almost not expressed. Therefore, this group of patients for a long time maintains efficiency and commitment to socially approved actions: the creation of a family, the birth of children and others.
Most often, schizophrenia begins with auditory hallucinations, which are subsequently supplemented by visual. Brad is characterized by a distorted reflection of the surrounding world, which becomes a reason for misunderstanding of situations and a source for the development of false judgments and assessments.
For the correct diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia, it is necessary to exclude the likelihood of developing delusional disorder, acute transient psychotic and schizoaffective disorders, dementia and other organic personality disorders.
Medical history of a famous scientist
In 1958, at the age of 30, the first signs of illness appeared in the famous mathematician John Nash. In the same period of his life, Nash made several discoveries in the field of mathematics. During his life he was treated several times in psychiatric clinics. When his health condition improved at age 34, he got a job at Princeton University.
At the age of 66, John Nash received the Nobel Prize in Economics. Thanks to the research of John Nash in mathematics, a new scientific approach.
The scientist learned to live with a diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia. And this did not prevent him from achieving success. The story of his life became the basis of the film “Mind Games”.
How to beat schizophrenia?
Treatment of schizophrenia is the use of a whole range of methods: drug treatment, psychological support, the use of psychotherapy and social rehabilitation.
Treatment of paranoid schizophrenia
The first attack may mean the beginning of a long-term mental illness, and may never happen again. The success of treatment depends largely on the time of detection of the disease: the earlier signs of schizophrenia are detected, the faster the treatment begins, the greater the likelihood for a positive prognosis and the greater the chances of long-term remission.
Paranoid schizophrenia – fully stopped by modern means!
Anyone who wants to recover and gets the support of loved ones and caring people have all the chances to cure mental illness. According to general statistics, every fifth person in the world who suffers from schizophrenia, with the right approach to treatment, achieves a prolonged remission of 5 years or more. These people become full-fledged members of society and a reliable support in their family.
Studies show that if a patient participates in a special psychotherapy program, the likelihood of a patient’s long-term remission increases dramatically.
Treatment of schizophrenia takes place under the supervision of a psychiatrist with the use of medicines (neuroleptics), psychotherapeutic methods under the guidance of a psychotherapist and a clinical psychologist. During treatment, the client undergoes a compulsory rehabilitation course in the hospital and after discharge.
Prognosis in the treatment of schizophrenia
90% of patients achieve a high degree of remission and can live and work on minimal doses of drugs supporting drug therapy. Even in the case of long-term medication, patients can lead a normal life and fully realize their potential. For this, a rehabilitation course is needed, in which the patient and his relatives participate. Statistics show that very often people who have suffered a disease, can return to a rich life and become even more productive than the average person.